‘In Tuscany food never goes to waste’

We all know Italy is as much about the food as it is about the climate and the people. In this special foodie edition of My Italy, The Local talks to American cooking teacher and food writer Judy Witts Francini about Tuscan cuisine.

'In Tuscany food never goes to waste'
Judy Witts Francini (far left) with some students and her hometown of Certaldo (right). Photos: Judy Witts Francini

How did you end up in Tuscany? 

When I turned 30 I decided I wanted one last big trip before I settled down. So I booked a one-way ticket to Europe and planned a month in France and a month in Italy. I thought I would end up in France but when I went to Florence to study Italian I fell in love at first sight – first with the city, then a year later with a Florentine.

I lived in Florence for 20 years – and since 2002 have made my home in the hills outside of Certaldo. The soft rolling hills and fabulous vistas make it a nice home base.

Sell the region to us.

Tuscany has a little of everything: sea, mountains, farmland, fabulous countryside and incredible cities filled with art. Good food and wine don't hurt, either.

What convinced you to become a cooking teacher and food writer?

Before I got into the food business I worked in hotels. When I left the hotel business I became a pastry chef and discovered cooking was my life. I decided to set up one-day classes and market tours since all that was available at the time were week-long programs.

If you had visitors for one afternoon where would you take them?

That’s hard to say as there are many places I could take them in Tuscany. I imagine I would probably take them to Florence for a short walking tour of the historic centre.

The entire city is an open museum – but of course you can’t come without seeing the works of art in the Uffizi gallery and I personally adore the smaller Bargello and the Specola museums. The Farmacia di Santa Maria Novella is practically a museum not to mention the Ferragamo Museum in the same building as the fashion label's shop.

I would of course pair touring the town with my favourite wine bars, gelaterias and street food.

I have a dining guide online on my website—which is written according to neighbourhood. So when you’ve finished touring you know where to stop.

Speaking of which, where are the best places to eat?

Mostly I like to hang out near home in the Chianti wine region, central Tuscany.

But Tuscany is so huge with so many different kinds of cooking and I have favourite places all over the place.

I adore the food around Lucca, also in the centre of the region. For simple Tuscan food, I send people to the Trattoria da Giulio (Via delle Conce, 45), where the menu features the region’s traditional bean soups which I adore.

For a fun lunch I recommend the Antica Macelleria Cecchini in Panzano, Chianti, where they serve burgers and a tasting menu. Macelleria literally translates as “butcher shop” but it’s much more than that. When you walk in it’s like stepping into the past.

For finer fining I recommend the Buca di San Antonio (Via della Cervia, 3), also in Lucca. They serve several classics from Lucca like farro (spelt) soup, leek pie, and specialities like wild boar and rabbit.

For a classic Tuscan menu in Florence I’d recommend the Trattoria Mario, a famous family-run trattoria near San Lorenzo market. I adore the veal chop, Lombatina di vitello.

In Maremma, in the south west, the long-horned cattle and cowboys have a whole different style of food – and of course, as it’s by the seaside it also has the best fresh fish.

You mention on your blog that there are things that every Tuscan should have in their pantry. Tell us a few of these things?

Extra virgin olive oil, fresh garlic and fresh herbs, including rosemary, sage, thyme and dried oregano. Also breadcrumbs, red wine vinegar, capers, parmesan, canned tomatoes, pasta and rice.

What is traditional Tuscan food like?

Tuscan food is famous for being a “poor cuisine” where nothing goes to waste.

In Italy, Tuscans are nicknamed “Mangiafagioli”, or “bean-eaters”. The region is also known for its “tasteless” unsalted bread which is part of the tradition from when salt was heavily taxed and salted food was only for the rich. Stale bread recipes are some of my favourite, including the ribollita soup and papa al pomodoro, which are great to have in winter. In summer, panzanella salad, which consists of stale bread, ripe tomatoes, raw red onions, cucumbers and basil is a winner. It’s very refreshing.

But most people on holiday look for traditional Florentine steaks, a two-pound t-bone steak cooked rare and shared at the table. Here the animals are only fed with grass, which makes the meat very lean and over-cooking would make it tough.

Roast pork (arista) and potatoes are also a classic restaurant dish, accompanied by twice-cooked spinach or chard.

And of course there are the biscotti di Prato (Prato is a town near Florence), which are hard almond cookies which soften when dipped into the sweet dessert wine, Vin Santo (holy wine), made from dried grapes.

Speaking of wine, which wines would you recommend?

I adore smaller wineries like Montevertine Le Pergole Torte from Radda, Chianti.

Do any Italians ever come on your course?

Yes, but they want me to teach them "foreign food" such as Mexican and Japanese food and American sweets. They adore learning new things.

Finally, can you share one Tuscan cooking secret with our readers?

A simple secret: Most recipes say to hear the oil, then add the garlic. The garlic burns! I place the garlic in cold oil and then turn on the heat.

Judy Witts Francini is a cooking teacher, food writer and life coach based in Certaldo, Tuscany. On her website you’ll find information about courses, her restaurant guide and Italian recipes.  

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From spritz to shakerato: Six things to drink in Italy this summer

Summer in Italy means lots of things - trips to the beach, empty cities, strikes, and metro works - but it also ushers in the spritz and negroni season. Here are some of the best drinks to cool down with in Italy this summer.

From spritz to shakerato: Six things to drink in Italy this summer


Venice wins all the prizes for being the home of the spritz: the jewel in Italy’s summertime daisy crown and one of the country’s most popular exports.

To first-time customers, the sweet-and-bitter combo can taste unpleasantly like a poisoned alcopop. Stick with it, however, and you’ll soon learn to appreciate this sunset-coloured aperitif, which has come to feel synonymous with summer in Italy.

The most common version is the bright orange Aperol Spritz, but if this starts to feel too sweet once your tastebuds adjust then you can graduate to the dark red Campari Spritz, which has a deeper and more complex flavour profile.

What are the best summer drinks to order in Italy?

Photo by Federica Ariemma/Unsplash.


If you’re too cool for the unabashedly flamboyant spritz but want something not too far off flavour-wise, consider the Negroni.

It’s equal parts gin, vermouth and Campari – though if you want a more approachable version, you can order a ‘Negroni sbagliato’ – literally a ‘wrong’ Negroni – which replaces the gin with sweet sparkling Prosecco white wine.

Served with a twist of orange peel and in a low glass, the Negroni closely resembles an Old Fashioned, and is equally as stylish. A traditional Negroni may be stirred, not shaken, but it’s still the kind of cocktail that Bond would surely be happy to be seen sipping.


Don’t fancy any alcohol but still crave that bitter, amaro-based aftertaste?

A crodino might be just what you’re after. With its bright orange hue, it both looks and tastes very similar to an Aperol Spritz – so much so that you might initially ask yourself whether you’ve in fact been served the real thing.

Similar in flavour are soft drinks produced by the San Pellegrino brand; bars that don’t have any crodino on hand will often offer you ‘un San Pellegrino’ as a substitute. These drinks are usually available in multiple flavours like blood orange, grapefruit, or prickly pears.

A barman prepares a Campari Spritz cocktail in the historic Campari bar at the entrance of Milan’s Galleria Vittorio Emanuel II shopping mall. Photo by MIGUEL MEDINA / AFP


Much like the crodino, the chinotto is another distinctive bitter Italian aperitivo drink.

With its medium-dark brown colouring, however, the chinotto bears more of a resemblance to Coca Cola than to the spritz, leading to its occasionally being designated as the ‘Italian Coca Cola’.

In reality far less caramelly and much more tart than coke, the chinotto has its detractors, and the fact that we’re having to describe its flavour here means it clearly hasn’t set the world alight since it was first invented in the 1930s (it was subsequently popularised by San Pellegrino, which became its main Italian producer).

If you’re looking for another grown-up tasting alternative to an alcoholic aperitivo, however, the chinotto might just be the place to look.


What’s not to love about the bellini?

Its delicate orange and rose-pink tones are reminiscent of a sunset in the same way as a spritz, but with none of the spritz’s complex and contradictory flavours.

A combination of pureed peach and sugary Prosecco wine, the bellini’s thick, creamy texture can almost make it feel smoothie or even dessert-like. It’s a sweet and simple delight, with just a slight kick in the tail to remind you it’s not a soft drink.


Not a fan of drinks of the fruity/citrusy/marinated herby variety?

If caffeine’s more your thing, Italy has an answer for you in the caffe shakerato: an iced coffee drink made with espresso, ice cubes, and sugar or sugar syrup.

That might not sound inspired at first, but hear us out: the three ingredients are vigorously mixed together in a cocktail shaker before the liquid is poured (ice cube-free) into a martini glass, leaving a dark elixir with a delicate caramel coloured foam on top.

You couldn’t look much more elegant drinking an iced coffee than sipping one of these.