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Rebels without a cause: why Italy is angry

Italians pay some of the highest taxes in Europe, yet they get little in return. This was just one of the myriad of reasons thousands took to the streets of Rome last weekend.

Rebels without a cause: why Italy is angry
Graffiti in Rome: 'The crisis will not end. Revolution now'. Photo: Rosie Scammell/The Local

Two years into a recession and with a fragile coalition government at the helm, often too busy squabbling to implement policy, many Italians have had enough.

Taxes remain high yet cuts are commonplace, hitting everything from housing to education. As a result, thousands of Italians decided to take their frustration to the streets, in a last-ditch attempt to call the government to action.

“We pay taxes and we want services – healthcare and schools, not the railway,” a protester from Turin told The Local. The man, who declined to give his name, had travelled to Rome as part of the ‘No TAV’ group which opposes a high-speed rail line through the Alps.

While the railway itself will have an environmental impact as it carves through the Susa Valley, linking Turin and Lyon, the protester was more concerned by the cost of the project. The money should be directed towards schools, he told The Local, where textbooks are in short supply as education funds dry up.

Through the thronging crowds ran further frustration, focusing on multiple issues including health. "The healthcare system is not free; poor people always have to pay something," said Cristina Sipescu. The government was better under Mario Monti than the current leadership, she added.

Some took on a more revolutionary approach, weary with the political elite and economic crisis. "We're here to change the capitalist system that we have to live with every day," said protester Silvia, from the southern Campania region.

People fighting for the right to housing were out in force during the march. The red “La casa si prende” slogan (below), calling on people to reclaim housing, appeared on flags, banners and walls.

With unemployment still at 12 percent, many people have turned to squatting in abandoned buildings as they can no longer afford their rent or mortgage. Some buildings are taken over by students unable to pay rent while they study, while others are filled with families.

Vanessa, a protester pushing a pram along Rome’s Via Merulana, said she too had been forced to move into a squat. “We want council housing,” she told The Local.

After the crowds made their way through the capital, a few hundred decided to stay on the streets and camp out on a busy road at Porta Pia.

The tents stayed up until Tuesday, when the protestors met Transport and Infrastructure Minister Maurizio Lupi to talk about housing rights.

Ahead of the meeting, Lupi tweeted that the topic is now a government priority. A €140 million housing plan would soon be introduced, the minister said, while €40 million will be set aside to help recently-unemployed people who are temporarily unable to pay rent.   

Immigrant issues

As thousands of Italians took to the streets, they were joined by a number of communities including the Roma and migrants from East Africa.

Along with Italians, the Roma community was campaigning for the right to housing. “Enough of the Roma camps. We also have dignity and the right to a house” read one banner (below). There are around 40,000 people, mainly part of the Roma community, living in camps in Italy, according to government estimates.

"We don't have homes. I've been here for 30 years, I'm a citizen of Rome but they say we have to live in camps outside the city," said Aidemi Dudi, originally from Serbia and part of a Roma community.

A 2012 government report admitted that the camps policy, in which people are “forcibly compelled to live in areas at the margins of urban centres”, has fueled the housing problem.

Italy’s immigrant population also attended the Rome march to campaign for refugee rights. “The Dublin law must be respected” read one sign (below), referring to the EU law which governs the way countries manage asylum seekers.

"We don't have homes or jobs. We are refugees but we don't have refugee rights," said Seltene Asefaw, an Eritrean who arrived in Italy by boat two years ago.

Prime Minister Enrico Letta has admitted Italy is struggling to cope with the number of refugees arriving. On Tuesday, he made an appeal to the EU for a regional approach to the issue, following the deaths of over 400 migrants who drowned when their boats sank off the coast of Italy.

Asefaw is was one of 1,000 Eritreans in Rome and part of an immigrant community that wanted to become part of Italian society. “We want integration; many Eritreans have been here for 20 years are are not integrated with the people of Rome," he told The Local.

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ROME

Body of missing American tourist found in Rome’s River Tiber

The body of a missing 21-year-old tourist was found in the River Tiber on Thursday morning, according to media reports.

Body of missing American tourist found in Rome's River Tiber

Elijah Oliphant, from Dallas, Texas, was on holiday with his family in Rome when he went missing several days ago.

Oliphant’s parents reported his disappearance after he left his hotel room shortly after midnight on May 24th and did not return.

Hotel security footage showed him leaving the premises wearing a white undershirt and pyjama bottoms, which he was wearing when he was found.

Oliphant’s corpse was reportedly spotted by passersby near the Ponte Sisto bridge in Rome’s Trastevere district around 10am on Thursday morning. His body was positively identified by his parents.

Members of the fire brigade and river police who recovered the body say there were no obvious signs of violence, but an autopsy will be conducted to determine the cause of death. Trastevere police are reportedly investigating the matter.

The Oliphant family had arrived in Rome for a holiday on May 23rd. When Elijah went missing the following day, his parents launched an urgent appeal to help find their son.

His disappearance was featured on the missing persons television show, Chi l’ha visto (‘Who’s seen them?’) on May 25th.

Several foreigners have been found drowned in the Tiber in recent years, though there are no indication that any of the incidents are linked.

In 2016, the body of 19-year-old American student Beau Solomon was recovered from the river.

Rough sleeper Massimo Galioto was charged involuntary manslaughter in the case, but was ultimately acquitted in 2020.

Prosecutors said that Galioto pushed Solomon in the course of a violent argument. Galioto’s defense team acknowledged that the two had argued but said the student had accidentally slipped.

In May 2019, 37-year-old Imen Chatbouri, a former athletics champion from Tunisia, was found dead in the Tiber after a night out. CCTV footage later showed she had been pushed from the Ponte Sisto bridge.

A then-26-year-old man whose advances she had rejected earlier that evening was convicted of her murder in November 2021.

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