Italy-Russia trade jumped to €31 billion in 2013

Trade between Italy and Russia reached €31 billion last year, with imports to Italy up 9.5 percent on 2012, according to figures released on Thursday by the Milan Chamber of Commerce.

Italy-Russia trade jumped to €31 billion in 2013
Russian President Vladimir Putin. Exports from Italy to Russia were also up by 8.2 percent last year. Vladimir Putin photo: Shutterstock

Exports from Italy to Russia were also up by 8.2 percent last year, to €10.8 billion, while imports were valued at €20 billion.

The most important Italian province for Russian deals was Milan, which boasted 11.7 percent of the bilateral trade. While exports from Milan were up 12.4 percent last year, imports fell 27 percent, according to the Milan Chamber of Commerce.

The north-west province of Vicenza accounted for 4.6 percent of trade in 2013, while Bologna in central Italy was the third most important province with 4.5 percent.

Rome failed to feature in the top 20 provinces listed for trade with Russia, based on figures from Italy’s national statistics agency Istat.

Italian manufacturing was the dominant economic driver, accounting for 98.8 percent of the export market, with 0.9 percent attributed to agricultural products.

Russia’s mining industry fuelled the country’s exports to Italy, making up 68.8 percent of the total trade, while 30.6 percent came from the manufacturing sector.

The figures reflect the strengthening of economic ties between Russia and Italy, including a €1 billion investment fund signed between the two countries last year.

READ MORE: Italy eyes Russian cash to boost economy

In a bid to boost Italy’s sluggish economy, the government is upping efforts to attract foreign investors. But some have raised concerns over the influx of Russian money into Italy, with commentators telling The Local last year that the Russian funds could come from dubious sources.

READ MORE: 'Italy-Russia deal is equal to one with drug cartels'

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‘Look for the rubles. Good luck’: Salvini fends off Russia claims

Salvini is fighting tooth and nail against suggestions that his far-right League party tried to get covert Russian payments during talks in Moscow last year.

'Look for the rubles. Good luck': Salvini fends off Russia claims
Matteo Salvini has claimed his support for Russian president Vladimir Putin comes "for free". Photo: Andreas Solaro/AFP
But the revelation by news website Buzzfeed of a conversation recorded in a Moscow hotel between one of Salvini's top lieutenants and three Russians discussing covert payments has put him on the back foot.
The first reports of these meetings surfaced in the Italian press in February. But the scoop by online news website Buzzfeed — based on an audio recording of the talks — pushed it back centre stage and was widely reported in Italy.
The deal under discussion was to covertly divert $65 million (58 million euros) to the League by means of discounted Russian oil transactions through intermediaries.
Buzzfeed identified Gianluca Savoini of the League as one of three Italians talking to three Russians. It said the talks took place in October.
Former journalist Savoini, 56, is married to a Russian and is president of the Lombardy-Russia association. He is considered one of the League's main contacts with Russia.
“A hoax, a fraud, a piece of dirt,” Savoini told Italian daily La Repubblicca, describing the Buzzfeed story.
When the story broke on Wednesday, Salvini denied it. “Never taken a ruble, a euro, a dollar or a litre of vodka in financing from Russia,” he said in a statement.
But he has never hidden his admiration for Russian President Vladimir Putin, who visited Italy only last week. And during his visit, Putin referred to a cooperation agreement between his United Russia party and Salvini's League.
Salvini's says his support for Putin, his fight to overturn European sanctions imposed against Russia for their 2014 annexation of Crimea from Ukraine, comes “free”. His position is a matter of conviction, he insists.
 Ongoing investigation
According to reports in the Italian press, prosecutors are already investigating Savoini, put on the trail by earlier accounts of the Moscow meetings published in the Italian press.
Under the terms of a deal it reached last September, the League is already paying back 49 million euros of fraudulently obtained election expenses claimed between 2008 and 2010, before Salvini took over as leader in 2013.
The agreement the party reached with Genoa prosecutors to pay the money back over a period of decades went down very badly with opposition parties, and Salvini has had to take the heat from that agreement.
In parliament, opposition deputies held up signs reading “65 million” and “49 million” to link the two affairs. Former prime minister Matteo Renzi of the centre-left Democratic Party described Savoini's talks in Russia as “high treason”.
This latest affair bears some resemblance to the scandal that brought down Austrian nationalist Heinz-Christian Strache in May.
Leader of the far-right Freedom Party (FPOe), Strache resigned on May 18 after a hidden-camera sting filmed in a luxury villa on the island of Ibiza, in which he appeared to offer public contracts in exchange for campaign help from a fake Russian backer.
But Buzzfeed is convinced that its recording is not of a sting but of talks between genuine players on both sides — even if Savoini is not as senior a figure as Strache was.
“I've never met him personally,” said Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte of Savoini. The latter, however, was among the guests to a formal dinner given in Putin's honour in Rome last week.
He appears in a photo of the event, standing in the background as a smiling Putin and Conte exchange toasts.
“He wasn't invited by the interior ministry,” said Salvini at a press conference Friday.
With an exasperated air he said: “Guys, let me do my job seriously. Look for the rubles — good luck. And me: I'll do my job. I think this investigation is ridiculous.”
But the story was still making headlines Saturday. “Salvini couldn't not know” said one in La Repubblica.
International lawyer Gianluca Meranda wrote to the paper to identify himself as one of the other people recorded at the October meeting in Moscow.
He confirmed negotiations, but said that the talks about an oil deal had not in the end led to anything. He denied any question that this was about getting funding for the party. But he was happy to talk to prosecutors, he added.