Usually the underdog when it comes to serious European politics, Italy came out as the unexpected winner of last month’s EU elections.
Prime Minister Matteo Renzi won an impressive 40.8 percent of the vote, making his Democratic Party (PD) the largest left-wing party in the European Parliament.
Great things were expected of Renzi in the days which followed, not least of all as Italy will on July 1st take over the rotating EU presidency.
But the Italian premier has kept quiet since election fever waned, failing to get involved in the debate surrounding who will be the new European Commission president, prompting hopes to fade of a new place for Italy in European politics.
Despite the prime minister’s great election victory, Italy will likely have a “passive presidency” of the Council of the EU, according to Christian Blasberg, a professor at Rome’s Luiss University.
“I don’t think that many things will change. I don’t think the election result will have a very big impact on the semester,” he tells The Local.
One indication that Italy may fail to reposition itself in Europe is the recent debate over the next European Commission president, who is set to replace José Manuel Barroso later this year.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel has backed Jean-Claude Juncker, former prime minister of Luxembourg, a choice rejected by UK Prime Minister David Cameron.
As Blasberg explains, “the focus is on Germany and the UK, while perhaps France can play a little role. There’s not much talk of Italy.”
While it could be in Italy’s interest to play a stronger role in the Commission president decision, Blasberg says “northern European countries don’t really take Italy into consideration.”
But for Daniele Pasquinucci, a professor at the University of Siena, Italy still has the chance to make itself heard.
“The defeat that Renzi inflicted on the Italian Eurosceptic parties, especially the Five Star Movement (M5S), immediately turned him into a ‘European leader’,” he argues.
While Italy has just six months at the helm of the Council of the EU, the presidency will give the government “a good opportunity to put the country at the centre of the European scene,” Pasquinucci tells The Local.
As president, Italy will be responsible for organizing EU meetings and setting the EU’s political agenda, with a focus on economic growth and job creation.
But for Blasberg, the structure of the rotating presidency does not give Italy much opportunity to make a real difference to the EU.
A country “can give some orientation and make proposals, but it’s not in a position to be able to make policy changes. The Italian presidency is not in a position to do much more,” he says.
Furthermore, despite Renzi getting the backing of his electorate, Blasberg believes that “Germany is inclined to not take the promises from Italy too seriously.”
Just a few months with a youthful, reform-driven prime minister in Rome is not enough to turn the tide on years of political turmoil.
Since three-time prime minister Silvio Berlusconi resigned in November 2011, leaving the country’s economy in dire straits, Italy has had one national election and three prime ministers.
Such a record is unlikely to fill the leaders of the EU – the world’s most well-developed union of democratic nations – with confidence, less so to grant Italy significant decision-making powers.
Hopes that Italy may be able to shake off its bad reputation, with Renzi as the poster boy of Europe, were promptly dashed with the recent revelations of not just one, but two, high-profile corruption scandals.
A number of officials at Milan’s Expo2015 trade fair – billed as a way to promote foreign investment in Italy – are currently being investigated for corruption over €1.35 billion worth of construction contracts.
Shortly after the scandal broke, police in Venice announced they had traced €20 million transferred from the city’s “Moses” flood barrier project to foreign bank accounts and allegedly used to finance political parties.
Pasquinucci describes the two scandals as “extremely serious”.
“Nobody can underestimate their meaning and their implications,” he says, although adds that he does not think they will weaken Italy’s EU presidency.
On the other hand, however, Pasquinucci says that “a lot will depend on the measures that the Italian government takes to tackle the problem of corruption.”
No matter Germany’s view of Europe, or that of other leading EU nations, Blasberg believes the Italian government is currently far too preoccupied to place much emphasis on the forthcoming presidency.
“Italy is concerned with its own problems. There’s not much orientation of what we can do within the EU, but instead how we can solve our own problems,” he says.
Growth in Italy this year has been forecast at 0.6 percent by the European Commission, after shrinking by 0.1 percent in the first quarter of 2014. Job creation also remains a challenge, with unemployment reaching 13.6 percent in the first three months of this year.
But for Pasquinucci, Italy’s new “strong-willed” leader can get attention both at home and abroad.
“The main merit of Renzi is to have given a strong momentum to the inconclusive Italian political life, through the announcement of a vast and ambitious reform agenda,” Pasquinucci says.
As Italy reflects on the European elections and looks to its presidency, he says, “the current position of Italy in the EU seems to be more solid.”