Why Italians aren’t having more babies

The stereotypical image of Italian parents surrounded by their large brood has well and truly been confined to history after it was revealed the population growth rate is almost at zero. But why aren’t Italians having babies?

Why Italians aren’t having more babies
The birth rate among family-loving Italians has more than halved since the 1960s. Photo: Shutterstock

Italy’s birth rate has more halved since the ‘baby boom’ of the 1960s, with the number of babies now being born averaging about 500,000 a year. And that number continues to dwindle, with Istat, the national statistics agency, saying on Monday that there were almost 12,000 fewer births in 2014 than in the previous year.

Read more: Italy 'almost at zero' population growth

But what is holding family-loving Italians back?

Silvia, who is in her 40s, put it bluntly: money.

“If you have no money it would be irresponsible to bring a child into the world,” she told The Local in Rome.

“And the state doesn’t give you any help at all.”

Sylvia said her daughter worked in Germany and England, “where the state gives you more support”.

“There, if you have a job, you can afford to pay for your flat. But here, in big cities, even renting a room is so expensive. It’s impossible.”

Italy is slowly edging its way out of recession, with its economy growing 0.3 percent in the first quarter of this year.

But the unemployment rate – at 12.4 percent – still remains one of the highest in Europe, despite dipping slightly in April.

The lack of jobs and money is preventing young people from leaving home and starting a family, Silvia said.

“That’s why young people stay living with their families, not because they want to. There is no space to have a family.”

That said, Marzia, in her twenties, had a slightly different view, attributing the low birth rate to “women starting to work more”.

“They’re thinking about their careers, not about having children,” she told The Local.

Debora, a shop owner, said more women are delaying having children until they are settled with a job and a home.

“Women don’t have babies at twenty anymore,” she added.

“It’s more like forty. And if you start having children at that age, you can’t have many. And even at that stage, they’re thinking about advancing their careers too.”

Giuseppe Gesano, an associate researcher at Rome’s Institute for Research on Population and Social Policies, said little has been done by the government to encourage people to have more children, despite premier Matteo Renzi introducing an €80 a month “baby bonus” for familes with newborns for the first three years after a child’s birth in May this year.

“When you compare it to countries like France, little or nothing has been done to stimulate the birth rate, such as giving women with children more flexibility to work and assistance with child care,” he told The Local.

By Louise Naudé

Member comments

Log in here to leave a comment.
Become a Member to leave a comment.


Italy’s Renzi wants ex-ECB boss Draghi to become prime minister: report

Ex-PM Matteo Renzi would like to see former European Central Bank chief Mario Draghi become prime minister of Italy, a party source told Reuters on Sunday.

Italy's Renzi wants ex-ECB boss Draghi to become prime minister: report
Matteo Renzi. Image: Andreas Solaro/ POOL / AFP

“I would say that is one of our proposals,” confirmed the source, who declined to be named.

The Italian government collapsed last week when PM Giuseppe Conte resigned. The former coalition allies are currently trying to come to an agreement and sort out their differences.

The centre-left government had been in turmoil ever since former premier Matteo Renzi withdrew his Italia Viva party earlier this month, a move that forced Conte to step down this week.

During the past year, Renzi frequently criticised Conte’s management of the pandemic and economic crisis.

Italy’s La Stampa newspaper also reported on Sunday that President Sergio Mattarella was considering Draghi for the prime ministerial role. However, Mattarella’s office promptly denied this, saying there had been no contact between them.

So far, there has been no comment from Draghi, who hasn't been seen much in the public eye since 2019.

Italy's president, Sergio Mattarella, gave ruling parties more time on Friday to form a new government, after the resignation of Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte. 

Coalition parties Italia Viva, the centre-left Democratic Party (PD) and anti-establishment 5-Star Movement must come to an agreement to allow the government to heal. 

Renzi, a former prime minister himself, has pubilcly stated that he does not want to talk about who should lead the next government at this stage, reasoning that the parties need to agree on a way forward first.

“Any effort today to fuel a discussion about Draghi is offensive to Draghi and above all to the president of the republic,” Renzi said in an interview published on Sunday with Corriere della Sera.

A senior Italia Viva lawmaker also told Reuters that “If the president gives a mandate to Draghi, we would certainly support this”. 

Renzi, whose party is not even registering three percent support in opinion polls, quit the coalition over Conte’s handling of the COVID-19 pandemic and his plans for spending more than 200 billion euros from a European Union fund to help Italy’s damaged economy.

READ ALSO: Why do Italy's governments collapse so often?