Italy pits top sleuths against world’s heritage looters

Italy pits top sleuths against world's heritage looters
The 60-strong task force of art detectives and restorers will work for Unesco. Photo: Fillipo Monteforte / AFP
Italy unveiled a 60-strong task force of art detectives and restorers on Tuesday, ready to protect the world's crisis-hit heritage sites for UNESCO in a cultural version of the UN's famous Blue Helmets.

The task force, dubbed “cultural peacekeepers”, will be dispatched – when logistically possible – to assess the damage to globally-prized monuments or works in the wake of conflicts, earthquakes, floods or other disasters.
The main aim is to stop the looting and selling of heritage by militants to fund “terrorist activities”, UNESCO said.
The task force will “assess risk and quantify damage done to cultural heritage sites, develop action plans and urgent measures, provide technical supervision and training for local national staff,” the Italian ministry said in a statement.
It will also help transfer movable objects to safety “and strengthen the fight against looting and illegal trafficking of cultural property,” the ministry said.
Thirty police art detectives and 30 archaeologists, restorers and art historians “are already operational and ready to go where UNESCO sends them,” said Culture Minister Dario Franceschini.
Italy's art police have an international reputation for tracking down and recovering stolen works.
The hope, UNESCO director Irina Bokova said Tuesday, was that other countries would follow Rome's example and join the heritage fight.
The idea for an Italian, cultural version of the United Nations peacekeepers – known by their distinctive blue helmets – was voted in by the UN after the destruction of sites including in Syria's Palmyra by the Islamic State group.
IS seized control of Palmyra in May and has realized international fears by destroying some of the most prized sites in the UNESCO World Heritage listed ancient city.
The militants have carried out a sustained campaign of destruction against heritage sites in areas under their control in Syria and Iraq, including the important Iraqi sites of Hatra, Nimrud and Khorsabad, the ancient Assyrian capital.
Islamist militants are also accused of being behind attacks on 10 religious and historic monuments in the UNESCO World Heritage city of Timbuktu in Mali.

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