The sanctions have been lambasted by Italy's pro-choice activists, who have appealed to Prime Minister Matteo Renzi to swiftly abolish them.
“These fines are damaging to women,” Dr. Silvanna Agatone, president of the Free Italian Association of Gynaecologists, Laiga, told The Local.
Abortion has been legal in Italy since 1978, but many women are forced to have their pregnancies terminated in secret because of the growing number of doctors who refuse to perform the operation for religious reasons.
The new fines replace a 'symbolic' fine of €51, which had been given to women who obtained an illegal abortion, and was aimed at encouraging them to denounce doctors who performed it as well as encourage them to use the state healthcare system in case any complications arose.
“Now if women have complications it is unlikely that they will go to a public hospital for treatment, because if the doctor who treats them reports their illegal abortion they will be heavily sanctioned,” Agatone added.
“It is not uncommon for women to experience life-threatening septicemia after an abortion. They should be made to feel comfortable about getting treatment, without fear of reprisal.”
The same 1978 law that introduced abortion in Italy – 'Law 94' – also legally gives doctors the right to refuse abortions on moral grounds.
It is estimated that nationwide, 70 percent of doctors and nurses are conscientious objectors, a figure which rises as high as 90 percent in some provinces.
“For example, a woman might not get a response to an abortion request made through a state hospital for two or three weeks. Even then, requests are often rejected and they are forced to move to other cities to try to get a response from a different health authority,” Agatone added.
Women in Italy are entitled to terminate a pregnancy within the first three months.
After 90 days, abortions are only allowed if the foetus is badly harmed or the mother’s life is at risk.
But when medics attempt to slow down requests, the women are forced into having an illegal abortion simply because they run out of time.
Whether or not the government will abolish the fines remains to be seen.
Reflecting the country's conservative stance on abortion, it has long failed to implement an EU law that has seen medical abortions provided in other European countries for women who are up to 61 days pregnant.
In Italy, medical abortions are only issued during the first 41 days of pregnancy – another fact which makes the process more difficult and encourages illegal abortions.