In the vote for five non-permanent seats, Kazakhstan was elected for the first time, joining Bolivia, Ethiopia and Sweden which won spots during the secret balloting at the 193-nation General Assembly. But five rounds of voting ended with the Netherlands and Italy neck and neck at 95 votes each, far short of the two-thirds majority needed to win the seat.
Announcing the compromise deal, Dutch Foreign Minister Bert Koenders told UN delegates that the outcome was “a clear signal that you appreciate both our countries.”
Italian Foreign Minister Paolo Gentiloni said that given the “perfect parity”, the shared term on the council was a “way to show from two European countries a message of unity.”
Under the agreement which will be put to a vote, Italy will serve on the council in 2017 and the Netherlands will follow in 2018.
Italy had lobbied fiercely for a council seat, portraying itself as a crossroads country in the Mediterranean and touting its experience dealing with the refugee crisis. The European country is also seen as a player in efforts to pull Libya out of chaos.
The Netherlands, home to the International Criminal Court and other world tribunals, has played up its commitment to international justice.
If approved by the assembly, the split term would be a rare but not unprecedented occurence in UN history. Turkey and Poland set a precedent when they shared a Security Council term in 1960. Western European envoys were to meet Thursday to endorse the deal, which would then go to the General Assembly for a vote.
A first for Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan beat out Thailand in a second round of balloting, picking up 138 votes against 55 for Thailand and winning the seat reserved for Asia. Kazakh Foreign Minister Yerlan Idrissov said “we are very proud to be the first central Asian country to serve on the council” and pledged to focus on nuclear non-proliferation and development.
Close to Russia, Kazakhstan gave up its nuclear arsenal after the breakup of the Soviet Union. Italy, the Netherlands and Sweden were vying for two seats reserved for western Europe.
Among the world's top aid donors, Sweden garnered 134 votes, scoring an outright win. Swedish Foreign Minister Margot Wallstrom said she was “happy and proud” to see her country join the UN's top table, pledging to focus firmly on conflict resolution.
“With 40 conflicts and 11 full-blown wars, it is a very, very worrisome world that we have to take into account,” Wallstrom said. Running unopposed as the candidate from Africa, Ethiopia picked up 185 votes.
Bolivia, which had the backing of Latin American and Caribbean countries, won 183 votes. The newly-elected countries will take their place alongside the five permanent council members – Britain, France, China, Russia and the United States.
The other five non-permanent members are: Egypt, Japan, Senegal, Ukraine and Uruguay.
The new members will begin their stint on January 1st, just as the next secretary-general takes the helm following an October election to replace Ban Ki-moon. The vote for a seat at the top diplomatic table caps years of lobbying by contenders.
As the balloting got underway, delegates at the General Assembly were handed gift bags with miniature tulips and wooden shoes from the Netherlands, Baci chocolates from Italy and a buddha figurine from Thailand. As the most powerful body of the United Nations, the Security Council can impose sanctions, endorse peace accords and authorize the use of military force.
It also oversees 16 peacekeeping missions in the world, with a budget of about $8 billion.