Italy to fire the starting pistol on election campaign

Italy's parliament was set on Wednesday to complete the approval of a new government tipped to be so short-lived that its inauguration is seen as the start of an election campaign.

Italy to fire the starting pistol on election campaign
New PM Paolo Gentiloni with his predecessor Matteo Renzi. Photo: AFP

Incoming Prime Minister Paolo Gentiloni has been slammed by the opposition for naming a new line-up that is virtually a carbon copy of the team that served his predecessor Matteo Renzi.

READ MORE: Meet the key figures in Italy's new government

Former foreign minister Gentiloni was nonetheless expected to win a confidence vote in the Senate, having secured the backing of the Chamber of Deputies on Tuesday evening. The Senate vote was due mid-afternoon on Wednesday.

Italy's biggest opposition party, the populist Five Star Movement (M5S), has boycotted the debates, insisting the government has no legitimacy after voters overwhelmingly shot down constitutional reform proposals in a recent referendum, prompting Renzi to quit.

M5S, a broad-based faction led by comedian Beppe Grillo, is betting that a wave of street protests will serve it better as it seeks to displace Renzi's Democratic Party as the country's biggest political force in the countdown to the election.

Polls currently point to them being neck-and-neck, each able to count on the backing of around 30 percent of voters.

With all the opposition parties pounding away at it, the 'photocopy' or 'puppet' government issue has played well on social media with the new premier accused of being a #RenziCloni or heading up a #Genticlone government.

So far, it does not seem to have helped the opposition significantly. But the issue is reportedly causing concern among some Democratic Party officials who fear the longer the Gentiloni administration goes  on, the stronger M5S will get.

Gentiloni said Tuesday his government would continue as long as it could command a majority in parliament, suggesting he would like to continue until the end of the current parliament in February 2018.

'Digging own grave'

But centre-left daily La Repubblica said that would be a “nightmare” scenario for Renzi, who is planning to be the PD's candidate for a return to his old job, and is said to prefer a June election.

Luigi Di Maio, the sharp-suited 30-year-old tipped to be M5S's candidate, claimed that every single day of a Gentiloni administration would be a bonus for his party.

“They are digging their grave with their own hands,” he said.

Renzi meanwhile said he was not short of offers of employment after nearly three years as premier.

But he indicated he would be concentrating on his comeback in between doing the school run and getting stuck in traffic around his home town of Pontassieve in Tuscany.

“I know I have a responsibility to all the people who believe in the PD and I can't just say I'm dropping everything,” Renzi was quoted as saying by La Repubblica.

Business as usual

The 41-year-old ex-premier is widely seen as having ensured grey-suited Gentiloni took over because he is unlikely to emerge as a serious rival for the party leadership.

Gentiloni, 62, whose measured, softly-spoken manner is in sharp contrast to Renzi's more frenetic style, is due to attend a summit of EU leaders on Thursday.

He has said he will use the Brussels meeting to reiterate Italy's demands for more support on dealing with the arrival of tens of thousands of migrants on its southern shores and for greater leeway on the application of budget rules.

The new leader has reshuffled Renzi's cabinet slightly with former interior minister Angelino Alfano taking over as foreign minister and created a new ministry to promote the economic development of the relatively impoverished south of the country.

Otherwise, it is business as usual on domestic matters: to the delight of the opposition.

By Angus MacKinnon

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TIMELINE: What happens next after Italy’s historic elections?

A hard-right coalition led by Giorgia Meloni is set to take power in Italy after Sunday's historic elections. But it might be a while before Meloni and her government actually get to work.

TIMELINE: What happens next after Italy's historic elections?

A coalition led by far-right leader Giorgia Meloni is on course to win a parliamentary majority in Italian elections —
but forming a government can be a lengthy business.

In the past, it has taken anything between four and 12 weeks for a new administration to take office.

Here is what will happen next in Italy if previous elections are anything to go by.

Official results 

While exit polls were published after voting ended at 11 pm on Sunday night  and projections followed early on Monday morning
the interior ministry will not issue official results until during the day on Monday. This will depend on the number of votes to be counted but turnout appeared to be down on the 2018 vote.

Parliament meets

The Italian constitution requires that newly elected members of the two houses of parliament, the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies, meet no later than 20 days after elections.

This would put their first gathering no later than October 15.

At this time, each chamber must elect a president and only then can the process of nominating members of a government begin.

President leads negotiations

President Sergio Mattarella will begin consultations on who should lead the new government with the Senate and Chamber presidents, the leaders of the main parties and eventually the parliamentary groups.

If the result of the election is clear, these consultations will be fairly short, perhaps two days, but could last up to a week.

Then Mattarella, elected by parliament to a second seven-year term as head of state earlier this year, will nominate a prime minister.

This person will accept the mandate to form a new government “with reservations” and begin talks with allies on ministerial appointments and a programme.

At the end of these discussions, if all goes well, the prospective premier will return to Mattarella and “lift their reservations”.

Finally a government

The new government is announced and sworn in before the president the same day or the next. The prime minister and their ministers then go to the seat of the executive, Palazzo Chigi, for the handover of power.

Silvio Berlusconi only needed 24 days in 2008 to take office, while it took 89 for Giuseppe Conte in 2018.