Catalan independence referendum: How Italy’s politicians reacted

On Sunday, images of police violence during the Catalan independence referendum were beamed around the world. Here's how Italy's politicians reacted, and the comparisons they made with two upcoming Italian regional referendums.

Catalan independence referendum: How Italy's politicians reacted
Spanish Guardia Civil guards drag a man outside a polling station. Photo: Raymond Roig/AFP

The regional referendums scheduled in Italy for later this month will see Lombardy and Veneto – two of the wealthiest regions – seek greater autonomy.

The governor of Veneto, Luca Zaia, had initially called for a vote asking Venetians if they wanted to secede from Italy, but after Italy's Constitutional Court blocked that plan, voters will now be asked if they want the region to receive “further forms and particular conditions of autonomy”.

Italian Northern League party leader Matteo Salvini (C) poses with Luca Zaia (L) and Roberto Maroni. Photo: Tiziana Fabi/AFP

Both Lombardy and Veneto's governors belong to the far-right Northern League party, which is built on a platform of independence for Italy's northern regions, and whose leader Matteo Salvini has previously said he supports Catalonia's independence bid.

But on Sunday, Salvini distanced his party from the Catalan independence movement, noting that Italy's regional referendums, while not legally binding, have been organized legally, unlike the Catalan vote which was judged illegal by the Spanish government.

“Ours is a completely different choice from Catalonia,” said Salvini. “We have chosen the peaceful path, respecting the rules and managing it better. On October 22nd [the date of the Lombardy and Veneto referendums], there will be no police. ” 

But despite criticizing the methods of the referendum organizers, Salvini also spoke out against the Spanish government for its heavy-handed response, saying “a government that uses violence to empty and close polling booths, using violence against children and the elderly, is shameful”.

The Northern League president of the Lombardy region, Roberto Maroni, also shared support for the Catalan voters on Twitter, writing “Long live democracy, long live freedom” and using the hashtag '#PopoloSovrano' (Sovereign people).

Giorgia Meloni, the leader of the far-right Fratelli d'Italia party which is one of the Northern League's closest allies, appeared to criticize the pro-independence movement in a statement saying: “I see what is happening in Spain and I think: “Divide and conquer.” The ancient Romans explained it well: divide your enemies, weaken them, and impose upon them […] That is why I can't get excited about the efforts for independence or autonomy that would divide or weaken national states in Europe.”

No official statement was made on the referendum by Italian Prime Minister Paolo Gentiloni, who told journalists the week before the vote that he considered it “a question for Spain”, or Foreign Minister Angelino Alfano.

Other members of the ruling Democratic Party condemned the violence, with Piedmont deputy Piero Fassino saying on Twitter: “In Barcelona, they are digging a irreparable groove of distrust. Stop the downward spiral of acts of force. Only from dialogue can you get a shared solution.”

There was no mention of the referendum on the blog of Five Star Movement's co-founder Beppe Grillo, nor on his social media accounts or those of the party's newly elected leader Luigi Di Maio.

But one of the party's highest-ranking figures, Alessandro Di Battista, criticized the actions of the Spanish government and police as anti-democratic. “In Spain and Italy, corruption is tolerated, but a population deciding when, how, and why to vote is not. And they call themselves democracies!” he said.

“Mark Twain said, 'If voting made any difference, they wouldn't let us do it'. In fact when a vote could really make a difference, the so-called “democrats” don't let them. And this is happening everywhere. Not just in Catalonia,” Di Battista wrote in a Facebook post.

He went on to say that in Italy, established 'systems' blocked changes wanted by the people. “The media distracts, the political system creates new shameful laws, the criminal system rigs votes […] Italy's problem is the Italians,” added Di Battista.


Italy’s Meloni in Libya to discuss energy, migration

Italian Prime Minister Giorgia Meloni arrived Saturday in the Libyan capital Tripoli for talks on energy as well as the thorny issue of migration, Libyan state media said.

Italy's Meloni in Libya to discuss energy, migration

Meloni’s trip — her second to a North African country this week — is the first by a European leader to war-battered Libya since her predecessor Mario Draghi’s visit in April 2021.

State television said the Italian premier was received by Abdelhamid Dbeibah, who heads the Tripoli-based, UN brokered Government of National Unity which is contested by a rival administration in the east.

Libya and its former colonial power Italy are key trade partners, particularly in energy, where Italian giant Eni plays a major role in tapping into Africa’s largest known oil reserves.

Meloni was accompanied by Eni chief Claudio Descalzi, who is expected to sign a deal with Libya’s National Oil Company to develop two Libyan offshore gas fields.

Eni will invest $8 million in the two fields, NOC chief Farhat Bengdara said in televised remarks this week, adding they are expected to produce 850 million cubic metres of gas.

Meloni visited Algeria on Monday seeking supply deals from Africa’s top gas exporter to help reduce reliance on Russia after it invaded Ukraine last year.

During her trip to Libya, she is also expected to discuss the issue of migration amid rising numbers of irregular migrants from Libya to Italy.

Libya has been wracked by years of conflict and division since a NATO-backed revolt toppled dictator Moamer Kadhafi in 2011.

The country is a conduit for thousands of people each year fleeing conflict and poverty across Africa, seeking refuge across the Mediterranean in Europe.

Meloni’s far-right government took office in October, vowing to stop migrant landings in Italy, which reached more than 105,000 in 2022.

The central Mediterranean route is considered the world’s most treacherous, according to the International Organization for Migration, which estimated that 1,377 migrants had disappeared on that route last year.