Rescuers described it as a "difficult operation", which was concluded shortly after midday on Monday -- around 12 hours later than earlier predictions.
The 33-year-old caver from Trieste in northeastern Italy fell 20 metres (65 feet) on Saturday as he explored a gallery 200 metres below the summit of Mount Canin.
Emergency services were contacted at around 4pm that day, and in total more than 100 rescuers were involved in the operation. A doctor and a nurse reached the trapped man late on Saturday.
According to the Italian press, the potholer was conscious but suffering from stomach and arm pain.
A team of specialists used explosives to enlarge a route out of the cave and enable them to get a stretcher through.
The National Alpine Rescue Corps (CNSAS), which coordinated the rescue, shared the below video of its final stage.