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Italy’s Salvini attempts to form nationalist alliance ahead of European elections

Matteo Salvini is gathering right-wing populist parties from around Europe in Milan on Monday, hoping to forge an “international alliance of nationalists” ahead of next month's European parliament elections.

Italy's Salvini attempts to form nationalist alliance ahead of European elections
Italian Interior Minister and League leader Matteo Salvini now dominates Italian politics. Photo: Tiziana Fabi/AFP

The meeting hosted by deputy prime minister and interior minister Salvini at a luxury hotel in Italy's commercial capital is being held under the slogan “Towards a common sense Europe.”

Salvini has pledged to bring about a “new European spring” by working with right-wing populist and nationalist parties across the continent to “change Europe,” and hopes to place himself as the leader of a grouping that includes the likes of Marine Le Pen, Viktor Orban and Germany’s AfD party.

“We're broadening the community, the family. We're working for a new European dream,” Salvini told journalists on Monday morning.

READ ALSO: Is Italy's League a 'far-right' party?

European nationalists are hoping to end up with a so-called “sovereignist” grouping of at least 70-80 MEPs in the European Parliament after the May 26 election.

Far-right populists such as Salvini’s League are in government in Italy, Austria, Poland and Hungary and are expected to do well in the European elections at the end of next month.

But differences in political outlook and policies may prevent them from forming a united front.

Matteo Salvini alongside his allies in the European Parliament, Dutch Freedom Party leader Geert Wilders and France's Front National president Marine Le Pen. Photo: Giuseppe Cacace/AFP

The few confirmed attendees are Germany's Alternative for Germany (AfD), the Danish People's Party, and the Finns Party.

Salvini’s longtime ally Marine Le Pen of France's National Rally (NR) will not be attending.

“She is busy with her election campaign. She’ll be in Brittany this weekend and next week she has other appointments in her diary in other parts of France,” a spokesperson told Italy’s Ansa news agency.

Other notable absences include Poland's governing PiS (Law and Justice party) and Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban's Fidesz party

Orban has voiced admiration for Salvini but his party belongs to the European parliament's centre-right European People's party (EPP) group.

Most of Europe's right-wing nationalists are currently divided into three blocs and a tangled web of alliances in the European Parliament, which they would like to overhaul if not destroy.

READ ALSO: Far-right parties kick off campaigns for Europe election

They are the Europe of Nations and Freedom (ENF) group – which includes the League and RN as well as Austria's Freedom Party – the European Conservatives and Reformists (ECR), and the Europe of Freedom and Direct Democracy (EFDD).

The dream of Salvini – and of Steve Bannon, US President Donald Trump's former strategist – has been to unite the disparate forces and form an “international of nationalists”.

Despite their shared dislike of immigration and the EU, Europe's populists remain divided on other key issues.

While Italy's League, Poland's PiS and Hungary's Fidesz highlight Europe's Christian cultural roots, the RN has shied away from taking a similar stance in a country where the majority is in favour of secularism.

Salvini and Le Pen have both praised Russian President Vladimir Putin, a view not shared by PiS in Poland or the Finns Party.

His party has gone from strength to strength in Italy, doubling its support since the general election last March.

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POLITICS

Italy’s Meloni in Libya to discuss energy and migration

Italian Prime Minister Giorgia Meloni arrived on Saturday in the Libyan capital Tripoli for talks on energy as well as the thorny issue of migration, Libyan state media said.

Italy's Meloni in Libya to discuss energy and migration

Meloni’s trip – her second to a North African country this week – is the first by a European leader to war-battered Libya since her predecessor Mario Draghi’s visit in April 2021.

State television said the Italian premier was received by Abdelhamid Dbeibah, who heads the Tripoli-based, UN brokered Government of National Unity which is contested by a rival administration in the east.

Libya and its former colonial power Italy are key trade partners, particularly in energy, where Italian giant Eni plays a major role in tapping into Africa’s largest known oil reserves.

Meloni was accompanied by Eni chief Claudio Descalzi, who is expected to sign a deal with Libya’s National Oil Company to develop two Libyan offshore gas fields.

Eni will invest $8 million in the two fields, NOC chief Farhat Bengdara said in televised remarks this week, adding they are expected to produce 850 million cubic metres of gas.

Meloni visited Algeria on Monday seeking supply deals from Africa’s top gas exporter to help reduce reliance on Russia after it invaded Ukraine last year.

During her trip to Libya, she is also expected to discuss the issue of migration amid rising numbers of irregular migrants from Libya to Italy.

Libya has been wracked by years of conflict and division since a NATO-backed revolt toppled dictator Moamer Kadhafi in 2011.

The country is a conduit for thousands of people each year fleeing conflict and poverty across Africa, seeking refuge across the Mediterranean in Europe.

Meloni’s far-right government took office in October, vowing to stop migrant landings in Italy, which reached more than 105,000 in 2022.

The central Mediterranean route is considered the world’s most treacherous, according to the International Organization for Migration, which estimated that 1,377 migrants had disappeared on that route last year.

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