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Ten Italian driving habits you need to be aware of

Are Italian drivers really as bad as everyone says? Writer Gordon Craigie shares his observations from more than a decade of driving in Italy.

Ten Italian driving habits you need to be aware of
What do foreign drivers need to prepare for in Italy? Photo: Marco Bertorello/AFP

Everyone knows the stereotypes about Italians and driving: fast, impatient, aggressive, appearing to consider red lights optional…

But there are more specific quirks that may take you by surprise. So to help make your driving experience in Italy a little bit more predictable, here’s a personal view of the top ten Italian driving habits to watch out for.

1. Wavering

Just as you’re happily bowling along the autostrada in the outside lane, you’re suddenly aware that the car you’re about to pass is drifting towards your lane. Hang on, no it’s not, it’s drifting towards the safety fence, no, it’s coming back again…

READ ALSO: Italy to fine phone-using drivers up to €1,700 in safety crackdown

There are usually only two possible explanations for this: the driver is either drunk, which is rare but not unheard of, or far more likely, they’re glued to their mobile phone. And most probably texting – yes, it’s illegal, but hey, this is Italy.

My advice? Wait until they’re heading towards the inside again then accelerate past as quickly as is safely possible.

2. Straddling

If there’s a line on the road, and they’re not wavering, then Italians do like a good straddle. I have no idea why they do this but it is so widespread even I get tired of hearing myself yelling “pick a lane, any lane, but stay in it!” several times per journey.

How many lanes…? Photo: Marco Bertorello/AFP

This habit is particularly evident on the autostrada where even the hard shoulder is fertile territory for an Italian straddler.

But you’ll also witness straddling on single-track country roads too, where, if there are no lines, they’ll just drive in the middle – making it impossible to overtake and leading to some heart-in-the-mouth moments if you’re approaching with only rough terrain or a ditch, hedge or wall on your inside. 

All you can do in this latter scenario is slow down, get as far to the right as you can, then pray. It usually works…

3. Indicating

Your average Italian driver definitely looks on indicating as an optional activity. And on the rare occasions that an indicator is activated then it is highly likely that it will not be cancelled for many, many kilometres.

This is almost compulsory with drivers of the three-wheeled Piaggio Ape – in fact, I’m certain some Apes come with one permanently flashing indicator as a factory-fitted option.

Piaggio's classic Ape three-wheeler is a common sight on Italian roads. Photo: Marco Bertorello/AFP

In all cases, however, it is not uncommon to see drivers indicate left then turn right and, equally but far more dangerously, indicate right then turn left.

They’re also very fond of hazard warning lights, and equally reluctant to cancel them. They usually, and quite usefully, are very quick to bang on the hazards when approaching queuing traffic but again, they can stay on ad infinitum despite the car resuming its 130+ km/h cruising speed.

My advice is never to take any indication as intentional, and expect the unexpected.

4. Edging

What is it with Italians and lines? When approaching any kind of junction they appear to be fundamentally incapable of stopping on, or before, the stop line. There will always be at least half a metre of car protruding into the carriageway, and very probably still edging out.


An extreme version occurs mainly with older drivers, who demonstrate a “if I don’t look at you, you’re not there” philosophy while emerging at 3 km/h.

The only way to deal with either situation is to be constantly aware of side junctions and always be ready to brake and/or swerve.

5. Disembarking from a moving car

Yes, you read that right, and this is indeed an art form. It can be viewed in many contexts but is easiest to spot when an Italian pulls up at a bar for one of the day’s obligatory coffees. You watch: the car slows down, the engine cuts out, the door opens, the driver sets one foot out and then, and only then, the car comes to a dead stop.

Have you mastered the Italian art of getting out of a moving car? Photo: Marco Bertorello/AFP

I have no idea how they do it. I’m not sure it’s even technically impossible with modern cars. But this isn’t something that requires a solution. Just watch, marvel, and enjoy your coffee.

6. Reluctance to change gear

This is another trait perhaps best observed from the terrace of a bar. Many cars will pass and, somewhere inside your head a little voice will be screaming “change up” or “second gear!”

This particular phenomenon can occur with any car but is particularly prevalent in what I call the ‘Ape GT’, which is the four-wheeled version of the Vespa-based Ape. Intriguingly, these particular 'microcars' do not require a full driving licence and the smallest can be driven in Italy from age 14 (let us just ponder that for a moment…).

An electric microcar in Rome. Photo: Gabriel Bouys/AFP 

The sound of its engine is like a straining hairdryer at best, but is given mosquito-whining levels of annoyance when in the hands of a reluctant gear changer.

Again, no solution. Just look, listen and wonder.

7. Parking

This isn’t so much a quirk as a complete refusal to recognize that parking doesn’t mean just stopping a car randomly with no regard whatsoever for lines, kerbs or the proximity of other vehicles.

Parallel parking simply doesn’t exist and, especially in big cities, bumpers are for, well, bumping. When combined with point five above, watching an Italian parking can be another entertaining diversion, as long as your car isn’t anywhere nearby.

A classic Italian parking job in Milan. Photo: DepositPhotos

Many newer car parks, thankfully, have bigger spaces, but it is still rare to see a vehicle parked wholly within the lines and with the wheels perfectly straight.

In a huge car park, if you decide to park ‘away from it all’ to avoid any potential difficulties it is absolutely amazing how many times you return to find another driver parked right next to you in the middle of nowhere. They’re also particularly adept at parking only millimetres away from the driver’s door.

The only possible strategy here is to think ahead, choose your parking spot wisely and allow for all eventualities.

8. Flashing

No, not that, but flashing headlights in Italy means the exact opposite of a friendly ‘after you’ flash of the kind we do in the UK. In Italy, it means ‘get out of the way’ and quickly.


Where you really need eyes in the back of your head is when you’re gleefully hurtling down the autostrada at, or close to, the limit. You may suddenly be aware of flashing lights behind you that weren’t anywhere in your mirror ten seconds previously but are now within touching distance of your rear bumper. They don’t actually care that you are only half-way through overtaking a line of five or six wavering truckers and have nowhere to go, they just want you out of their way, pronto.

In this particular instance your only option is to ignore them and continue your manoeuvre but, when you’re ready to move back in, do check behind carefully as – and you won’t believe this – they may have decided to undertake you at this point.

In all other situations, just remember the flashing is a warning, not a courtesy.

9. Roundabouts

Now, roundabouts themselves are not a problem. Me, I’m quite partial to a well-placed roundabout. When we first moved here 12 years ago there were none. I can still vividly remember my first encounter with an Italian roundabout, and a half-finished one at that, on a cold, dark winter’s evening in the middle of nowhere… Now that was a bumpy ride.

Whizzing round the Piazza Venezia roundabout in Rome. Photo: Filippo Monteforte/AFP

But while roundabouts have since become part of the scenery, the average Italian’s inclination to follow the required etiquette has not progressed at an equivalent rate. You can never assume that you have priority when you should and, particularly with the smaller rotatoria, you should never assume that your Italian counterpart, whether prioritized or not, will go round, and not over, the roundabout.

My only advice here is, once again, to always be aware, be very aware.

10. Merging

Italian road engineers must go to very different schools than their UK, German, Dutch or French colleagues. You can quite quickly get used to the short run-offs that constitute many junctions, and somehow develop the ability to effortlessly go from 130 km/h to 50 in the space of 25 metres on a tight curve, but merging?

Merging: harder than you think. Photo: DepositPhotos

Near where we live they’ve built a super-duper new shopping centre. Years of planning, state-of-the-art facilities, excellent parking areas – but the only problem, and it is a big one, is the approach roads. As often happens out here you can have two or three lanes coming from one direction meeting two or three lanes coming from another direction, but to get to the shopping centre one set of traffic has to cross three lanes, while the other lot are equally trying to cross three lanes in the other direction. Chaos ensues.

Then immediately after you’ve navigated that, you have to perform a similar operation in the space of 100m to reach the one – I’ll say it again – one lane that enters the aforementioned shopping centre. Add in Italian speeds, lane discipline, wavering and mobile phones and this probably combines most of the above quirks into one handy, accident-inducing package.

I can’t give any tips on how to navigate this as it has to be experienced to be believed but, once you’ve made it through the mayhem, it’s best to park straight and within the lines – then head for a recuperative coffee, as you’ve earned it.

FOR MEMBERS: 'Expect the unexpected': What you need to know about driving in Italy

Go with the flow on Italian roads, especially in smaller towns. Photo: DepositPhotos

You may have your own entries into this list, as I’m sure it’s not exhaustive. I actually encountered examples of most of the above in a recent 40-minute journey from Perugia, and tomorrow may well yield an entirely different set of observations. And I could write a whole book if I based it purely on driving in Palermo. 

But the one thing I know for sure is that this is how it is so, get used to it. There is no point trying to impose Northern European rules or getting frustrated as this is, quite simply, the Italian way. And when in Rome…

Buon viaggio!

Gordon Craigie is a freelance feature writer and journalist who divides his time between Scotland and Italy. You can see more of his work at

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Member comments

  1. I’m convinced that “straddling” is a way for Italians to not commit until it becomes clear which lane is better. It has the added benefit of holding back those behind so that they don’t complicate the decision/situation.

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For members


What are Italy’s rules on switching to winter tyres?

Italian road rules require a switch to winter tyres by mid-November. We take a look at how the requirements (and penalties) apply for the cold season.

What are Italy's rules on switching to winter tyres?

Though we may not have seen much in the way of adverse weather conditions so far – temperatures were far above season average throughout October – the winter cold appears to be just around the corner and so is the requirement for motorists to switch to winter tyres.

The window to make the change opened on October 15th, and the requirement and penalties for not following it will come into force on November 15th. 

By that date, all road vehicles will have to be equipped with winter tyres or, alternatively, have snow chains “on board”. 

READ ALSO: ‘Expect the unexpected’: What you need to know about driving in Italy

But, in typically Italian fashion, there’s far more to the rule than that. So, with less than two weeks to go until the winter tyres deadline, here’s what you should know about the requirements.

What areas do the rules apply to?

The Italian Highway Code along with a 2013 ministerial decree state that all road vehicles circulating on Italian soil must have winter tyres or snow chains on board from November 15th to April 15th.

However, the Code also gives local authorities (provinces, individual comuni and private highway operators) the power to modify national directives (including time limits) and/or bring in additional requirements according to the features of their own territory. 

Winter tire

All road vehicles circulating on Italian soil must have winter tires or snow chains on board from November 15th to April 15th. Photo by Christof STACHE / AFP

The result is a very fragmented legislative landscape, with rules often varying from region to region.

READ ALSO: Explained: Who needs to exchange their driving licence for an Italian one?

For instance, in Sardinia, only drivers travelling on Strada Statale 131 (‘Statale Carlo Felice‘), which connects Cagliari to Porto Torres, are required to have winter tyres on or keep snow chains on board.

Additionally, due to the region’s particularly favourable climate all year round, the requirement starts on December 1st, i.e. 15 days after other Italian regions, and ends on March 15th, that is one month before elsewhere in the country.

To keep track of all the rules applying to your region or province of residence, refer to the following website from Pneumatici Sotto Controllo.

You can also consult the following interactive map provided by Italian motorway company Autostrade per l’Italia. 

What types of tyres do I need?

Most winter tyres are marked with ‘M+S’ (or sometimes ‘M/S’), meaning ‘mud plus snow’.

Some winter tyres might carry the ‘3PMFS’ mark or a symbol consisting of a snowflake encircled by a three-peak mountain range. These tyres are largely recognised as the best tyres for winter conditions.

Both of the above categories are accepted under Italian law.

In terms of costs, the price of a single winter tyre goes from 50 to 200 euros, whereas fitting costs an average of 50 euros.

Tires in a garage.

The price of a single winter tire goes from 50 to 200 euros, whereas fitting costs an average of 50 euros. Photo by Christof STACHE / AFP

It’s worth noting that, by law, motorists are allowed to install just two winter tyres provided that such tyres belong to the same car axle.

But the Italian Transport Ministry advises drivers to install winter tyres on all four wheels to avoid potential grip and braking issues. 

Snow chains

Motorists can keep snow chains (catene da neve) on board as an alternative to the installation of winter tyres. 

However, your chosen set of snow chains must be compatible with your vehicle’s tyres.

Here’s a useful guide on what types of snow chains you’ll need based on the size of your car’s wheels.

Woman fitting her car with snow chains

Snow chains can be used as an alternative to winter tires but they have to be compatible with your vehicle’s wheels. Photo by Pascal POCHARD-CASABIANCA / AFP

The asking price for a mid-range set of snow chains is generally somewhere between 70 and 90 euros.


The Highway Code sets out hefty fines for those who don’t follow the rules.

In city centres and residential areas penalties can go from 41 to 168 euros, while fines can be as high as 335 euros on highways. 

As specified by Article 192 of the Code, law enforcement officers can also choose to issue a temporary ‘vehicle detention’ (fermo del veicolo). In this case, motorists will only be able to resume their journey once their vehicle is equipped with winter tyres or snow chains.


The above winter season rules do not apply to motorcycles.

However, the 2013 ministerial decree states that motorcycles are not allowed on the roads in the event of snow or icy conditions.