In the early hours of Sunday morning, the Italian government approved a new emergency decree which included placing some 15 million people living in northern Italy inside a new “quarantine” zone.
Which parts of Italy are affected by the measures?
The emergency decree applies to the entire Lombardy region, which includes the city of Milan, as well as other municipalities in northern Italy including in and around Venice, Padua, Parma, and Rimini.
The measures are expected to remain in place until April 3rd.
The area is now being referred to by Italian media as the “orange zone” (zona arancione), as the new quarantine measures being put in place remain less severe than those in this small “red zone” (zona rossa), where for the past two weeks 11 small towns in Lombardy and Veneto – the regions worst hit by the coronavirus outbreak in Italy – have been on lockdown in an attempt to contain the spread of the virus.
What are the new “quarantine” measures?
In the orange zone areas, the following rules apply according to the government decree published on Sunday morning.
People in the quarantine zones are advised to stay at home as much as possible.
Anyone with a fever above 37.5 degrees celsius must stay at home even if they have no other symptoms of viral infection.
All schools, universities, museums, nightclubs, bingo halls, gyms, spas, swimming pools and similar public buildings in the affected areas are closed.
Civil and religious ceremonies, including weddings and funerals, are prohibited unless held behind closed doors with the minimum number of attendees.
Churches may remain open but must enforce the one-metre dstance rule. Mass is prohibited.
Bars and restaurants may open between 6am and 6pm, if they can ensure that everyone is seated at least one metre (three feet) apart, with any business found violating the rules facing “suspension of activity”.
Shops can remain open “provided that the operator guarantees access in a quota-based manner or in any case suitable for avoiding crowds”. Shopping centres are to be closed on weekends.
Sporting events of all types must be held behind closed doors or suspended.
Ski resorts are closed.
Remote working and teleconferences instead of face-to-face meetings are advised “in all possible cases”
The decree stresses that entry into and out of the new quarantine zones would only be allowed for “serious reasons”.
Movement between diifferent parts of the “orange zone” may also be restricted, and travellers can expect police checks and questioning.
The rules are in force until April 3rd.
How will these measures be enforced?
The decree states that those who violate the restrictions could be punished by fines and jailed for up to three months.
Businesses including shops and restaurant wishing to remain open must introduce crowd-control measures, ensuring that any seated customers are at least one metre (three feet) apart. Any business found to be violating the rules faces “suspension of activity”.
Are other parts of Italy affected?
The government also ordered also the closure of all cinemas, theatres, museums, nightclubs and casinos throughout the country, according to the text of the decree published on the government website.
While churches and cathedrals may remain open to worshippers, mass is prohibited across the country from Monday.
People returning to other parts of Italy from the orange zone may face quarantine on arrival, as regions adopt their own measures aimed at preventing the spread.
The southern Italian region of Puglia, which has already seen one death from the virus, was the first to announce a new law on Sunday morning requiring anyone returning to the region from within the orange zone to contact their doctor and self-isolate for 14 days. Anyone found to have violated this law could face arrest, Italian media reported.
A traveller leaving Milan early on Sunday morning following the announcement of the new measures. Photo: AFP
There has been some confusion over how strict the quarantine measures would be, following the leak of a more severe draft version of the emergency decree late on Saturday night. These reports prompted many people working or studying in northern Italy to immediately travel home to other regions, and Italian media reported crowds at train and bus stations late on Saturday and early on Sunday.
What if I'm planning to travel to northern Italy? Are airports open?
Many people travelling to and from airports in northern Italy have also been confused and concerned by the announcement of the new measures.
The lockdown does allow for the return home of those who were in the affected areas but live elsewhere, including tourists.
Flights appeared to be operating normally out of Milan and Venice airports and it was also business as usual at train stations on Sunday.
There has been no announcement regarding any future closure of airports or the cancellation of flights or trains to and from the affected area.
Milan and Venice under lockdown, yet still no FCO warning against travel. That’s going to leave travellers who understandably don’t want to travel £100s out of pocket.
BA, EasyJet and Ryanair all still flying. And not allowing passengers to cancel and claim refund
— Rory Boland (@roryboland) March 8, 2020
At the press conference on Sunday morning, the prime minister said the decree does not mean an “absolute ban” on travel to the area.
“It does not stop everything,” he said explaining that it would be possible for people to entrer and leave the area “for proven work needs or for emergencies and health reasons”, though anyone doing so can expect to be stopped and questioned by police, he said.
The Italian government has not advised of any travel restrictions to other parts of Italy outside of the red and orange zones.
The borders with Austria, Switzerland and Slovenia remain open.
Many airlines are still operating flights to airports in the affected region, and are not showing any travel warnings on their websites at the time of writing, though some flights to northern Italy had already been suspended.
Hi! If you have not received any SMS or email from us, your flight is scheduled to operate.
Please check this link for travel changes options as Ryanair tickets are not refundable: https://t.co/eZvvfNv7HQ
All updates here https://t.co/5ATxLOd8Ce
— Ryanair (@Ryanair) March 8, 2020
The UK foreign office is now advising against all but essential travel to the whole of the Lombardy region, as well as certain provinces in the regions of Emilia Romagna, Marche, Piemonte and Veneto. You can check for updated advice here.
The current UK government advice is to self-isolate for 14 days only if you've come back from the extended lockdown area. Travellers to all other parts of Italy are advised to self-isolate only if they have symptoms of viral infection.
The US government had already issued a “do not travel” warning for the worst-affected Italian regions of Lombardy and Veneto and a lower-level “reconsider travel” warning for the whole of Italy.
Travellers to the affected region are unlikely to be prevented from leaving, but may face quarantine measures and disruption when returning home depending on rules set by their country.
For the most up-to-date advice, please check the official guidance from your country's embassy or foreign ministry before travelling to the affected area.