MAP: Which zone is your region in under Italy’s tier system?

A tiered system divides Italian regions into red, orange, yellow and white zones depending on coronavirus risk. Find the latest classification here.

MAP: Which zone is your region in under Italy’s tier system?
Photo: Miguel Medina/AFP

*Please note this article is no longer being updated. See the latest reports on the coronavirus situation in Italy here. For Italy’s new lockdown rules in each region, click here.*

Under Italy’s current emergency decree, a national tiered framework means some Covid-19 rules differ based on where you are in Italy.

Regions are divided into red, orange, yellow and white zones, under a system based on how severe the coronavirus situation is locally. 

People in the highest-risk red zones are told to stay within their town, and are only allowed to leave for work, study, health or other urgent reasons.

The regional rules first came into effect on November 6th, and the classification is now revised weekly on Fridays based on the latest health data. 

Under the latest emergency decree, the government stated that the changes will come into effect on Mondays, rather than Sundays as has been the case previously. 

READ ALSO: Regional restrictions to continue as Italian PM signs new emergency decree

On Friday March 5th Italy’s health minister signed the latest ordinance moving two more regions into the orange zone and one into the red zone.

This means that from Monday, March 8th, Italy’s regions are classified as follows:

  • Yellow zones:Calabria, Lazio, Liguria, Puglia, Sicily, Valle d’Aosta
  • Orange zones: Abruzzo, Emilia Romagna, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Lombardy, Marche, Piedmont, Tuscany, Autonomous province of Bolzano, Autonomous province of Trento, Umbria, Veneto
  • Red zones: Basilicata, Campania, Molise (Local lockdowns are also in place in some towns and provinces.)
  • White zones: Sardinia
See below for more details of the restrictions in each area.

Note that in addition to the regional classifications, many towns and provinces have declared their own additional restrictions. See the current list here.

What are the rules?
Here’s an overview of the main rules in each zone, according to the Italian health ministry.
White zones
Regions classified under this band are exempt from most restrictions in other zones, including the 10pm curfew and 6pm closing time for bars and restaurants.
However, the final set of rules in place in each region varies depending on the local authority.
In Sardinia’s case, the regional governor signed an ordinance stating that the evening curfew has been moved back to 11.30pm, and that restaurants must close at 11pm instead of 6pm. Bars must close at 9pm.
Health Minister Roberto Speranza stressed that those living in white zones would need to continue “respecting all social distancing measures”.
Yellow zones:
Residents can circulate freely in their own region, including between towns, but may not leave the region except for work, health, emergencies or other essential reasons.
A nightly curfew applies from 10pm to 5am; you should only leave the house during these hours for essential reasons. Police can stop you and ask you to fill in a self-declaration form.
Bars, cafes, restaurants and all other food businesses are open and can serve customers on the premises until 6pm
All shops are open, though malls and outlet centres must close at weekends. 
Museums can open.
From March 27th, cinemas and theatres can reopen.
Nightclubs, bingo halls and casinos remain closed.
Gyms and pools remain closed.
Schools can conduct up to 75 percent of lessons in person, with the rest taking place remotely.
Orange zones:

According to the Italian health ministry, people in orange zones are not allowed to travel from one municipality (town) to another, unless for essential reasons, by either public or private transport.

Bars, cafes, restaurants, pastry shops and other food businesses are closed.

Home delivery is still allowed, and takeaway is permitted until curfew at 10pm.

Museums and art galleries are closed.

All shops can remain open.

Hairdressers and beauticians can remain open.

Visits to the homes of family and friends outside your municipality are not allowed.

You can leave your municipality to visit your second home.

Red zones:

In red zones, all the orange zone rules apply, plus:

In addition to not being allowed to travel from one municipality to another, people in red zones are not allowed to move around within their own area unless for essential reasons, by either public or private transport.

You can only enter or leave an orange or red zone for the same urgent reasons.

All schools in red zones are closed.

Shops are to close except for those deemed essential, which include supermarkets and other food shops, tabacchi, and pharmacies.

Hairdressers and beauticians are closed.

Visits to relatives and friends are not allowed, even within your own municipality,

Travel to second homes is also prohibited in red zones.

All team sports activities are suspended (solo exercise such as running or walking is allowed.)

How are the rules decided?
Italy’s Health Ministry decides which region is in which zone based on the advice of its Technical Scientific Committee (CTS), effectively bypassing regional authorities – many of which have said they were against a local lockdown or other tough measures.
The CTS takes 21 indicators into account, including each region’s Rt number (which shows the transmission rate) as well as factors like hospital bed capacity and whether local health authorities are able to successfully trace the source of outbreaks.
Note: Local restrictions can vary, and are subject to change. Here’s where to find the latest updates from your local authority.
Please note The Local is not able to advise on specific situations.  For more information please see the Italian Health Ministry’s website (in English).

Member comments

  1. We have been in Piemonte since early October but need to return to the UK soon. We shall be driving in our own vehicle through France. Apart from complying with entry requirements for France and the UK are we permitted to leave Piemonte/Italy and, if so, are there any additional requirements with which we must comply in undertaking this journey? All the guidance seems only to talk about entering, not leaving, Italy. Thanks. Gerry

  2. The article about “auto dichiarazione” doesn’t mention day-time travel in the red zone. It does seem, from the text of this article, that such a declaration IS required for day-time travel. Could you clarify this, please?

  3. Gerry, there is some guidance in Italian here:
    If it is up to date then there is no restriction on your leaving Piemonte to return to your main residence in the UK. I would take the precaution though of filling in the declaration, checking the third radio button “altri motivi ..” and completing it with “rientro a domicilio nel Regno Unito”.

  4. The Local needs to do some basic proof reading so as not to dangerously mislead it’s readers. Both as to their health and advice as to not breaking the law. The map says Marche is orange whereas the list on the same, updated, page says it is yellow.

  5. Hello Stephen, both the map and the list is correct – there may be some disparity shortly after announcements are made while we are updating the page. Please bear with us as we work at all hours to keep up with these announcements.

  6. Can we update this for the changes on 6 December? It’ll be great seeing the majority of the map in yellow once more. Perhaps the aim of a yellow Christmas is within reach (of course whatever zone you’re in doesn’t change the Christmas lockdown but it would be great going into 2021 with low infections).

  7. Hi! Can I travel through the regions to get to my home which I have owned for 18 years, despite not having residency? We will be in our own car driving from Mont Blanc tunnel to Lucca in 8 hours with a negative Covid test.

  8. From my understanding this is allowed, but you will have to respect the rules of the zone at the time (orange currently), just in case you’re stopped by the police make sure you have the proof of your covid test.

    As Lucca is currently in the orange zone you won’t be able to travel to neighbouring towns without good reason and you wouldn’t be able to stop off in towns in the yellow zone on the way back to France.

    You must also avoid travelling into Italy between 21 Dec and 6 Jan otherwise you will have to quarantine 14 days even if you have a test.

  9. I just subscribed a few weeks ago, hoping this would be a reliable source of information, especially regarding necessary COVID information. It is disappointing to see errors on this site regarding these matters, such as in the article above, where the map shows (and calls out) Marche as being a Yellow Zone. But then the text of the article states that Marche is in an Orange Zone. There is no excuse for this carelessness. Does anyone edit the articles?

  10. The update on 31 Jan does not give the list of rules that apply to the majority of the country: the yellow zones.
    A serious oversight, but not uncommon for ‘The Local’. I agree with the immediate previous comment. This news feed is often amateurish, slapdash and unreliable.
    Buck up your ideas. People are relying on you.

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WHO says European festivals should go ahead despite monkeypox risk

Most new cases of monkeypox are currently detected in Western Europe. The World Health Organisation says this is no reason to cancel more than 800 festivals scheduled to take place on the continent this summer.

WHO says European festivals should go ahead despite monkeypox risk

The World Health Organization said Friday that European summer festivals should not be cancelled due to the monkeypox outbreak but should instead manage the risk of amplifying the virus.

A surge of monkeypox cases has been detected since May outside of the West and Central African countries where the disease has long been endemic.

Most of the new cases have been in Western Europe.

More than 3,200 confirmed cases and one death have now been reported to the WHO from 48 countries in total this year.

“We have all the summer festivals, concerts and many other events just starting in the northern hemisphere,” Amaia Artazcoz, the WHO’s mass gatherings technical officer, told a webinar entitled “Monkeypox outbreak and mass gatherings: Protecting yourself at festivals and parties”.

The events “may represent a conducive environment for transmission”, she said.

“These gatherings have really close proximity and usually for a prolonged period of time, and also a lot of frequent interactions among people,” Artazcoz explained.

“Nevertheless… we are not recommending postponing or cancelling any of the events in the areas where monkeypox cases have been identified.”

Sarah Tyler, the senior communications consultant on health emergencies at WHO Europe, said there were going to be more than 800 festivals in the region, bringing together hundreds of thousands of people from different countries.

“Most attendees are highly mobile and sexually active and a number of them will have intimate skin-to-skin contact at or around these events,” she said.

“Some may also have multiple sexual contacts, including new or anonymous partners. Without action, we risk seeing a surge in monkeypox cases in Europe this summer.”

Risk awareness

The UN health agency recommends that countries identify events most likely to be associated with the risk of monkeypox transmission.

The WHO urged festival organisers to raise awareness through effective communication, detect cases early, stop transmission and protect people at risk.

The outbreak in newly-affected countries is primarily among men who have sex with men, and who have reported recent sex with new or multiple partners, according to the WHO.

People with symptoms are advised to avoid attending gatherings, while people in communities among whom monkeypox has been found to occur more frequently than in the general population should exercise particular caution, it says.

The normal initial symptoms of monkeypox include a high fever, swollen lymph nodes and a blistery chickenpox-like rash.

Meg Doherty, from the global HIV, hepatitis and sexually-transmitted infection programmes at WHO, said: “We are not calling this a sexually-transmitted infection.

“Stigmatising never helps in a disease outbreak,” she added.

“This is not a gay disease. However, we want people to be aware of what the risks are.”