Italy's current coronavirus rules include restrictions on movement within the country.
The whole country is under a nighttime curfew from 10pm-5am, and this means no unnecessary travel is permitted during those hours.
The regions are divided as follows, as of November 13th:
In red zones, restrictions on movement resemble those imposed earlier this year during a severe national lockdown, with residents' movements curtailed further.
In addition to not being allowed to travel from one municipality to another, people in red zones are not allowed to move around within their own area, unless for essential reasons, using either public or private transport.
What counts as an urgent reason for travel?
The decree states that people can travel for “proven work or health reasons and situations of urgency.”
So if you have a medical appointment or need to be somewhere for work or business, you're allowed to travel.
If you work in one region and live in another, you are allowed to travel between them.
Travel to and from school to drop off and pick up your child is of course allowed.
And if you're currently in a different part of Italy than the area where you are registered as a permanent resident, you are of course allowed to travel home.
If you're in Italy at the moment and need to leave the country for an urgent reason, this will be permitted, whether or not you are a resident.
However for all of the above trips you'll need to fill out a self-certification form.and be able to provide proof, as police may check your story.
What exactly counts as an emergency or a “situation of need” can in some cases be open to interpretation by local authorities.
If in doubt, contact your local comune or caribinieri police station before you leave.
Can I stop along the way?
If your drive is a long one and you'd usually make one or two overnight stops within Italy, there is nothing in the emergency decree which expressly states that this isn't allowed – and hotels can remain open everywhere, including in red zones.
There are limits on entering and leaving both orange and red zones for non-essential reasons, however, and you would need to complete a self-certification form and be prepared to explain your stop if you encounter a police check.
Every region and city has its own rules and restrictions in place, so you'll need to check the local rules if planning to stop somewhere.
Can I enter or leave the country?
Returning home is a valid reason for travel, whether you're returning to Italy or leaving Italy for another country.
Italian citizens and residents have the right to enter the country under current travel rules. However, there may be some measures such as mandatory testing depending on where you're travelling from.
You can also travel if you need to leave the country.
Can I use public transport?
Yes. Public transport is still running. However, it's limited to 50 percent of maximum capacity (with the exception of school transport.)