For Nicola Gratteri, the lead prosecutor in Italy's largest anti-mafia trial in more than 30 years, the fight against the mob has always been a personal issue.
“I have known the mafia since I was a child because I was hitchhiking to school and I often saw dead bodies on the road,” he told AFP ahead of the opening Wednesday of the landmark “maxi-trial”.
“I thought: when I grow up, I want to do something so that this won't happen again.”
More than 350 people are going on trial
in Calabria, the heart of the feared 'Ndrangheta organised crime group, accused of everything from murder to drug trafficking, money laundering and mafia association.
Photo: Alberto Pizzoli/AFP
A call centre in the town of Lamezia Terme in Calabria, Italy's poorest region, was specially converted to host the proceedings, which Gratteri expects to last one year but which many believe will stretch on for far longer.
The prosecutor grew up in Calabria, from where the 'Ndrangheta has extended its reach across all parts of the world, surpassing Sicily's Cosa Nostra as
Italy's most fearsome crime syndicate.
“I know the 'Ndrangheta well from inside, because when I was a child I was at school with the children of mafia bosses,” Gratteri said.
“The kids I played with then became mobsters and then became drug traffickers. So, that's why I'm familiar with the criminal philosophy, the way of thinking of the 'Ndrangheta members, and this helps in my work,” he added.
Decades under police protection
Gratteri said he felt “very confident” that his case would stand up in court, in what promises to be a long and complicated trial, with more than 900 witnesses just for the prosecution.
It focuses on the Mancuso, a clan based in the Vibo Valentia province, as well as on the politicians, lawyers, businessmen and others accused of enabling them.
Gratteri, 62, has spent three decades under close police protection, and is one of Italy's most high-profile anti-mafia figures.
He is often compared with Giovanni Falcone and Paolo Borsellino, the star prosecutors who worked on Italy's first mass trial against the mafia in the
That trial, leading to hundreds of convictions, dealt a major blow to Sicily's Cosa Nostra, but cost Falcone and Borsellino their lives as mobsters
killed them both in retribution.
Gratteri said his anti-mafia efforts were being supported by the gradual breakdown of “omerta”, the mafia code of silence, among ordinary people.
“Over the last years we have gained a lot of credibility, a lot of trust. People have started to cooperate, the people are standing by us, are starting
to believe in us,” he said.
Photo: Alberto Pizzoli/AFP
The 'Ndrangheta is the most powerful of Italy's mafia groups, and is itself comprised of numerous clans.
Through the years it has diversified, modernised and spread across Italy and the continent.
Italy's law enforcement still faces a struggle with mafia activity in a country where complicity can be found “at all levels of state administration,” Sergi said.
“The mafias are not external bodies to our otherwise well-functioning society, they are the mirror of our functioning,” added Gratteri, quoting the late judge Falcone.
“Italy is unable to admit it, it makes an enemy of it, forgetting that it (the mafia) is part of who we are,” he said.
“In each of us there is a little 'Ndranghetist',” said Gratteri.
By AFP's Alvise Armellini