EXPLAINED: What are the Italian lockdown rules in your region?

Italy has imposed tough new restrictions for most of the country, as a 'third wave' of infections takes hold. Here's how it affects you in your region.

EXPLAINED: What are the Italian lockdown rules in your region?
Photo by Alberto Pizzoli/AFP

From Monday, schools, restaurants, shops and museums shut down as most of Italy becomes a ‘red’ or an ‘orange’ zone.

READ ALSO: Italy placed under new lockdown as Covid ‘third wave’ takes hold

Every region with more than 250 cases per 100,000 inhabitants (according to official weekly health data) were automatically placed in the highest-risk red zone, a spokesman for Prime Minister Mario Draghi’s office said.

Most of the country turns red from Monday. There are seven regions under slightly less stringent orange zone restrictions, while Sardinia is the only low-risk ‘white zone’.

The new restrictions are in place until Easter, when the whole nation will be placed in a ‘red’ zone over the weekend of April 3-5, government officials have confirmed.

The Easter restrictions will not apply in white zones, the prime minister’s office confirmed on Friday.

EXPLAINED: What are Italy’s new coronavirus ‘white zones’?

The regional classifications from Monday are as follows:

Red zone: Trentino-Alto Adige/South Tyrol, Campania, Emilia Romagna, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Lazio, Lombardy, Marche, Molise, Piedmont, Puglia, Veneto, Basilicata.

Orange zone: Abruzzo, Calabria, Liguria, Sicily, Umbria, Tuscany and Valle d’Aosta.

A 10pm-5am curfew remains in place nationwide, and all non-essential travel between regions is banned.

Public transport is still running, including long-distance trains, though some routes may be suspended or operating on reduced schedules. Check with your transport provider for details before departing.

Here’s a look at how the rules differ between red and orange zones, according to the government’s latest decree released on March 13th. You can find the full text here (in Italian).

What are the rules in orange zones?

In orange zones, you can only travel within your municipality (town) and it is forbidden to move between municipalities unless for essential reasons.

If you leave your municipality, or travel within it during the 10pm-5am curfew, you must complete a self-declaration form justifying your movements.

Bars, cafes, restaurants, pastry shops and other food businesses are closed.

Home delivery is still allowed, and takeaway is permitted until curfew at 10pm.

Museums and art galleries are closed.

All shops can remain open.

Hairdressers and beauticians can remain open.

Visits to the homes of family and friends outside your municipality are not allowed.

You can visit a second home within your region.

Schools remain open, but local authorities can order schools to close and to move learning online.

Photo by Filippo MONTEFORTE/AFP

Red zones:

Some local red zones have been previously enforced in towns and provinces. Now, this may extend from a province to the entire surrounding region, For example, Bologna’s red zone will now expand to the whole of Emilia Romagna.

In addition to not being allowed to travel from one municipality to another, people in red zones are not allowed to move around within their own area unless for essential reasons, by either public or private transport.

You must justify any movements, including within your own municipality, using a self-declaration form.

You can only enter or leave an orange or red zone for urgent reasons, such as for work or health.

You cannot travel to any private home other than your own.

All schools in red zones are closed. Authorities may choose to enforce additional closures in orange zones.

Shops are closed except for those deemed essential, which include supermarkets and other food shops, tabacchi (tobacconists/newsagents), and pharmacies. Childrens’ clothes shops are also open.

Hairdressers and beauticians are closed.

All team sports activities are suspended (solo exercise such as running or walking is allowed).

Travel to a second home is allowed only if you can prove you had the right to enter the property (as owner or tenant) before January 14th 2021. This means new short-term rentals are not allowed, and you can’t stay with relatives. “The house of destination must not be inhabited by people not belonging to the family unit”, according to the health ministry. 

Visits to relatives and friends are not allowed, even within your own municipality,

Exceptions to this rules are made for Easter in red zones. You can move within the region between 5am and 10pm to visit friends and relatives, once a day. A maximum of two people, plus children under 14, are allowed to move in this way from April 3-5, the Italian health ministry confirmed in a statement.

The health ministry notes that individual regions or provinces may set their own additional restricions on top of these national rules, and the details can be found on your local authority’s website.

Find out where to get the latest information for your local area here.

Please note The Local is not able to advise on specific situations.  For more information on the restrictions please see the Italian Health Ministry’s website (in English).

Member comments

  1. They may be able to control the virus this way…they MAY…but the long term adverse impact on mental health and the decline in scholastic aptitude will be incalculable and last for decades. Needless to say, Italy’s precious remaining WWII memories will disappear into thin air. So sad how disastrous Italy has handled this.

      1. First person accounts. That generation is dying out…Covid has increased the rate both directly and indirectly. There are so many memories that have not been recorded.

    1. So easy for you to say “how disastrous Italy has handled this” and how wrong. The government has worked hard to follow most current science, while being true to democratic institutions, and mostly wisely erring on the side of caution. The people of Italy as a whole have handled this admirably, with determination and no small amount of warmth, generosity and humor. There are always those who have no active public life who take potshots from the sidelines at those who are actually in the game, who are trying their best to do something to mitigate effects of a bad situation. Perhaps excuse them for their less then godlike ability.

Log in here to leave a comment.
Become a Member to leave a comment.


Italy lifts mask mandate for private sector workers

Masks will no longer be required in the workplace but Italian companies will have the right to impose restrictions for employees deemed "at risk".

Italy lifts mask mandate for private sector workers

Representatives from the Italian Ministry of Labour, Ministry of Health and all major national unions collectively signed off on Thursday a new “shared protocol” (protocollo condiviso) for the implementation of anti-Covid measures in private workplaces. 

Although the full text of the bill will only be made available to the public sometime next week, portions of the document have already been released to the media, thus disclosing the government’s next steps in the fight against the virus.

The most relevant update concerns face masks, which will no longer be mandatory in private workplaces. 

However, the text specifies, FFP2 face masks remain “an important protective item aimed at safeguarding workers’ health”. As such, employers will have the right to autonomously impose the use of face coverings on categories of workers considered “at risk”.

READ ALSO: Italy’s transport mask rule extended to September as Covid rate rises

Notably, face coverings may remain mandatory for those working in “indoor settings shared by multiple employees” or even in “outdoor settings where social distancing may not be practicable”. Individuals with pre-existing medical conditions (soggetti fragili) may also be subject to such rules, which, it is worth reminding, are left to the employer’s discretion. 

Alongside mask-related restrictions, employers will also have the right to have their staff undergo temperature checks prior to entering the workplace. In such cases, anyone with a body temperature higher than 37.5C will be denied access to the workplace and will be asked to temporarily self-isolate pending further indications from their own doctor.

In line with previous measures, companies will be required to continue supplying sanitising products free of charge and regulate access to common areas (canteens, smoking areas, etc.) so as to avoid gatherings.

Additionally, employers will be advised to keep incentivising smart working (lavoro agile), as it has proved to be “a valuable tool to curb infection, especially for at-risk individuals”.

Provided that the country’s infection curve registers no significant changes, the updated protocol will remain in place until October 31st, when it will yet again be reviewed by the relevant governmental and social parties. 

With the latest round of measures, Italy has now scrapped all Covid-related health measures, except the requirement to wear face masks on public transport (though not on planes) and in healthcare settings, and self-isolation provisions for those testing positive. 

READ ALSO: At a glance: What are the Covid-19 rules in Italy now?

Italy’s infection curve has been rising significantly since the beginning of June. From June 1st to June 14th, Covid’s R (spreading rate) rate rose back over 1 for the first time since April 8th. Also, from June 17th to June 23rd, the virus’s incidence rate was 504 cases every 100,000 residents, up by 62 per cent on the previous week.

According to Claudio Mastroianni, Professor of Infectious Diseases at Sapienza University of Rome, “with 25 per cent of daily Covid swabs coming back positive and a R rate over 1, the infection curve will likely rise at least until mid-July”.

However, albeit acknowledging the rising number of positive cases, Deputy Health Minister Andrea Costa has so far categorically excluded the possibility of re-introducing lapsed Covid measures, saying that it’ll be a “restriction-free summer”.