EXPLAINED: What are the Italian lockdown rules in your region?

Italy has imposed tough new restrictions for most of the country, as a 'third wave' of infections takes hold. Here's how it affects you in your region.

EXPLAINED: What are the Italian lockdown rules in your region?
Photo by Alberto Pizzoli/AFP

From Monday, schools, restaurants, shops and museums shut down as most of Italy becomes a ‘red’ or an ‘orange’ zone.

READ ALSO: Italy placed under new lockdown as Covid ‘third wave’ takes hold

Every region with more than 250 cases per 100,000 inhabitants (according to official weekly health data) were automatically placed in the highest-risk red zone, a spokesman for Prime Minister Mario Draghi’s office said.

Most of the country turns red from Monday. There are seven regions under slightly less stringent orange zone restrictions, while Sardinia is the only low-risk ‘white zone’.

The new restrictions are in place until Easter, when the whole nation will be placed in a ‘red’ zone over the weekend of April 3-5, government officials have confirmed.

The Easter restrictions will not apply in white zones, the prime minister’s office confirmed on Friday.

EXPLAINED: What are Italy’s new coronavirus ‘white zones’?

The regional classifications from Monday are as follows:

Red zone: Trentino-Alto Adige/South Tyrol, Campania, Emilia Romagna, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Lazio, Lombardy, Marche, Molise, Piedmont, Puglia, Veneto, Basilicata.

Orange zone: Abruzzo, Calabria, Liguria, Sicily, Umbria, Tuscany and Valle d’Aosta.

A 10pm-5am curfew remains in place nationwide, and all non-essential travel between regions is banned.

Public transport is still running, including long-distance trains, though some routes may be suspended or operating on reduced schedules. Check with your transport provider for details before departing.

Here’s a look at how the rules differ between red and orange zones, according to the government’s latest decree released on March 13th. You can find the full text here (in Italian).

What are the rules in orange zones?

In orange zones, you can only travel within your municipality (town) and it is forbidden to move between municipalities unless for essential reasons.

If you leave your municipality, or travel within it during the 10pm-5am curfew, you must complete a self-declaration form justifying your movements.

Bars, cafes, restaurants, pastry shops and other food businesses are closed.

Home delivery is still allowed, and takeaway is permitted until curfew at 10pm.

Museums and art galleries are closed.

All shops can remain open.

Hairdressers and beauticians can remain open.

Visits to the homes of family and friends outside your municipality are not allowed.

You can visit a second home within your region.

Schools remain open, but local authorities can order schools to close and to move learning online.

Photo by Filippo MONTEFORTE/AFP

Red zones:

Some local red zones have been previously enforced in towns and provinces. Now, this may extend from a province to the entire surrounding region, For example, Bologna’s red zone will now expand to the whole of Emilia Romagna.

In addition to not being allowed to travel from one municipality to another, people in red zones are not allowed to move around within their own area unless for essential reasons, by either public or private transport.

You must justify any movements, including within your own municipality, using a self-declaration form.

You can only enter or leave an orange or red zone for urgent reasons, such as for work or health.

You cannot travel to any private home other than your own.

All schools in red zones are closed. Authorities may choose to enforce additional closures in orange zones.

Shops are closed except for those deemed essential, which include supermarkets and other food shops, tabacchi (tobacconists/newsagents), and pharmacies. Childrens’ clothes shops are also open.

Hairdressers and beauticians are closed.

All team sports activities are suspended (solo exercise such as running or walking is allowed).

Travel to a second home is allowed only if you can prove you had the right to enter the property (as owner or tenant) before January 14th 2021. This means new short-term rentals are not allowed, and you can’t stay with relatives. “The house of destination must not be inhabited by people not belonging to the family unit”, according to the health ministry. 

Visits to relatives and friends are not allowed, even within your own municipality,

Exceptions to this rules are made for Easter in red zones. You can move within the region between 5am and 10pm to visit friends and relatives, once a day. A maximum of two people, plus children under 14, are allowed to move in this way from April 3-5, the Italian health ministry confirmed in a statement.

The health ministry notes that individual regions or provinces may set their own additional restricions on top of these national rules, and the details can be found on your local authority’s website.

Find out where to get the latest information for your local area here.

Please note The Local is not able to advise on specific situations.  For more information on the restrictions please see the Italian Health Ministry’s website (in English).

Member comments

  1. They may be able to control the virus this way…they MAY…but the long term adverse impact on mental health and the decline in scholastic aptitude will be incalculable and last for decades. Needless to say, Italy’s precious remaining WWII memories will disappear into thin air. So sad how disastrous Italy has handled this.

      1. First person accounts. That generation is dying out…Covid has increased the rate both directly and indirectly. There are so many memories that have not been recorded.

    1. So easy for you to say “how disastrous Italy has handled this” and how wrong. The government has worked hard to follow most current science, while being true to democratic institutions, and mostly wisely erring on the side of caution. The people of Italy as a whole have handled this admirably, with determination and no small amount of warmth, generosity and humor. There are always those who have no active public life who take potshots from the sidelines at those who are actually in the game, who are trying their best to do something to mitigate effects of a bad situation. Perhaps excuse them for their less then godlike ability.

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For members


Which are Italy’s best hospitals and where are they?

Italy’s healthcare system is said to be among the best in the world, but stark regional differences persist. Here’s where you’ll find the country’s most highly-rated hospitals.

Which are Italy’s best hospitals and where are they?

The average standard of healthcare in Italy is fairly high: the country has been ranked among the nations with the best healthcare systems in the world in surveys published by the World Health Organisation, Bloomberg and Statista.

But not all of Italy’s hospitals – or regional healthcare systems – are rated equally. A new World’s Best Hospitals ranking from Newsweek and global data firm Statista has revealed which of Italy’s hospitals are seen as the best.

The study ranked Rome’s Policlinico Gemelli as the best hospital in the country for the third year in a row, followed by Ospedale Niguarda and Ospedale San Raffaele in Milan.

The top five was completed by Policlinico Sant’Orsola in Bologna and the Istituto Humanitas in Rozzano, just south of Milan.

Spots from six to ten are occupied by: Policlinico San Matteo in Pavia, Azienda Ospedaliera in Padua, Ospedale Borgo Trento in Verona, Ospedale Papa Giovanni II in Bergamo and Turin’s Presidio Ospedaliero Molinette.

READ ALSO: Five essential facts about Italy’s public healthcare system

But aside from Rome’s Policlinico Gemelli, no hospital from the centre or south of the country figured in the top ten, with the first ‘non-northern’ hospital – Florence’s Ospedale Careggi – ranking 13th.

In fact, only three southern hospitals made it into the nation’s top 50, with the first one – Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza in San Giovanni Rotondo, Puglia – coming in 33rd.

These results seem to once again confirm the stark imbalances in the quality of medical services offered across the country, with central and southern regions continuing to perform poorly compared to their northern counterparts. 

You can read more about the issue and its causes HERE

Shifting from a national outlook to an international one, Italian hospitals didn’t fare quite as well as could be hoped.

The top five Italian hospitals all figured among the best 100 hospitals in the world, though only Rome’s Policlinico Gemelli made it into the top 50 (it came in 38th, to be exact).

However, Italy still had a total of 13 hospitals included in the world’s top 250 list, which made it the third most-represented European country in the ranking after Germany (25) and France (16).

Statista assessed the performance of over 2,300 hospitals around the world, basing its ranking upon a combination of the following four data sources: the opinion of over 80,000 healthcare professionals, patient experience surveys following hospitalisation, publicly available hospital quality metrics, and patient perception questionnaires.