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15 simple hacks to make living in Rome better

Smaller, slower and more dysfunctional than many other European capitals, Rome can be a hard place to settle once the first romance wears off. Roman resident Jessica Phelan shares her tips for making life in Italy's capital simpler, smoother and more fun.

15 simple hacks to make living in Rome better
Have you picked up any tips for making life in Rome easier? Photo by FILIPPO MONTEFORTE / AFP

Make friends with the comune‘s website

The Rome Capitale website is your friend. A long-winded, temperamental and occasionally frustrating friend, to be sure, but one that will ultimately help you out if it can. 

The city council is slowly making it possible to do more and more local admin online, from requesting official certificates to paying traffic fines, applying for study grants or enrolling your kids in nursery school. 

Find a full list of online services here. You’ll need a secure way to login – either a SPID digital identity or an electronic ID card (CIE) – to access them.


Image: Di Sannita – CC BY-SA 4.0 via Wikimedia Commons

Know your district

For administrative purposes Rome is divided into 15 municipi, or municipal districts, each with its own offices and officials.

You’ll save yourself time and frustration by making sure that you direct your requests to the right municipio rather than turning up at the central office or writing to a generic address. Find details of each one here.

The same goes for local health authorities (Aziende Sanitarie Locale, or ASL), of which the city of Rome has three – each subdivided into distretti, or districts. Check which one you belong to before trying to enrol in public healthcare or register with a doctor: find a list here.

Pay for public transport the cashless way

When I arrived in Rome four years ago, the only way to buy a ticket at a metro station was via one of the machines, which didn’t take card. Nor most bank notes. Finding yourself without change involved a frantic dash to a newsagents, which depending on the day, the time and seemingly the mood of the cashier, might not sell you a ticket either.

Rome has mercifully moved on since those days, and you can now enter the metro simply by swiping a contactless card (or your phone) at the turnstiles.

Photo by Tiziana FABI / AFP

But what if you need to take a bus or tram? Most stops aren’t equipped with ticket machines, and you can’t pay your fare aboard. 

The answer lies in an app called myCicero, which is game-changing but inexplicably poorly advertised. It allows you to buy public transport tickets online, which you can store in the app and activate when you begin your journey. Each ticket can be used for transfers between buses, trams and the metro (when taking the metro, look for a gate with a QR code scanner – usually the wider wheelchair-accessible ones at the end). 

And for journeys on local, regional or long-distance trains throughout Italy, use the time- and paper-saving Trenitalia app.

Get on your bike

I’ve said it before and I’ll say it again: cycling is the best way (I think) to get around Rome.

Not only will you save yourself the pain of waiting for a bus that never comes, you’ll discover routes through the city that you’d never learn by taking public transport. And with new bike lanes being added – albeit in fits and starts – it’s not even as chaotic as it’s made out to be.

OPINION: Why cycling in Rome isn’t as crazy as it sounds

Photo by Tiziana FABI / AFP

If you don’t believe me, test it out for yourself by borrowing one of the red bikes that you can ride by the minute via Lime’s rental app. They’re even electrically assisted to help you climb the seven hills.

Share a car or scooter

Beyond bicycles, you can also share scooters – the kind you stand on and the kind you drive – as well as cars.

Register with Car Sharing Roma, Share Now or Enjoy to borrow a vehicle in Rome. Some services include useful extras such as a fixed rate for Fiumicino airport, full-day rentals or the option to reserve a small van – particularly handy if you need to move.

For mopeds, try eCooltra or Acciona: all their scooters are electric, though Acciona’s are marginally more powerful. Meanwhile ZigZag offers both electric and regular mopeds. All shared mopeds come with two helmets as standard, and you can park them anywhere within the zones defined on each app.

You’ll need a valid driving licence to sign up for any vehicle sharing service, and some will only accept Italian or European permits.

If you don’t have the right paperwork, you can still sign up for kick-style electric scooters using Lime, Dott, Helbiz, Bird, Wind or Link. Just please, for goodness’ sake, don’t ride them on the pavement. 

READ ALSO: ‘A small revolution for our city’: Electric scooters come to Rome

Photo by Vincenzo PINTO / AFP

Go outside the city walls

However you get there, make sure you venture beyond the centro storico

Many tourists’ visits are bounded by Rome’s city walls, the limits of the historic centre packed with millennia’s worth of monuments. But the city has long outgrown its ancient identity, both literally and metaphorically, and you’ll find that the areas fuori le mura – outside the walls – are where Rome feels most like a living, breathing city instead of a museum. (You’ll notice rents start to drop too.)

Call me biased because I live there, but east is my favourite direction to explore: start by wandering among the bars and cafés of Pigneto, bask in the multicultural bustle of Tor Pignattara, and make your way into the up-and-coming foodie neighbourhood of Centocelle.

Find your fix of non-Italian food

While Rome doesn’t boast the range or quality of global cuisines you can find in some other European capitals, it’s one of the most diverse places in Italy – and you can taste the benefits in the form of Chinese, Indian, Bangladeshi, Ethiopian, Korean, Peruvian, Syrian and Mexican food, to list just what I’ve eaten recently. 

Get your bearings with Zero Roma’s pick of “ethnic” restaurants (hmmm), but remember that the best places are often found by word of mouth or following your nose. 

If you’re looking for non-Italian ingredients, meanwhile, Esquilino Market is the place to shop for a wide range of spices, condiments and fresh produce from all over the world. Nearby Pacific Trading Company and Selli are also well-stocked with everything from udon noodles to Marmite; keep an eye out too for small independent grocers scattered across the city, where you might be surprised to find just what you need.

Shopping at Esquilino market. Photo by Eric Parker on Flickr

Hunt for treasures in Romans’ castoffs 

As an inveterate bargain hunter I have to admit to being a little disappointed with Rome’s most famous flea market, Porta Portese – and not just because it involves getting up early on a Sunday. It’s worth a visit, but expect to find at least as many stalls selling new curtains and cheap saucepans as those with secondhand goods.

My preferred treasure-hunting grounds are mercatini dell’usato – junk shops where people sell their old stuff at a price agreed with the store, with deep discounts the longer an item goes unsold.

Look for branches in chic neighbourhoods if you’re on the hunt for branded clothing and accessories, while the larger ones on the outskirts of town are especially good for furniture and homewares.

Connect to WiFi for free

If you haven’t got your internet contract set up yet – or if you ever find yourself low on data – look out for one of the city’s dozens of free WiFi hotspots, which will appear in your networks as DigitRoma

Register by giving a mobile phone number and password and you can connect for up to four hours a day.

Join a library

Rome’s libraries are great for language learners, who can borrow Italian textbooks and grammar guides without having to splash out on a new one each time they make progress. Once your comprehension is up to it, you can also practice reading Italian books, newspapers and magazines, or listen to the readings and author talks regularly organised in libraries across the city.

Find your nearest library here.

Photo by Element5 Digital from Pexels

Getting a library card is free and entitles you to borrow any books you like, but you should also consider paying €10 a year for an upgraded version called the Bibliocard: it will give you access to libraries’ WiFi, as well as discounts on local cultural services from theatre tickets to language lessons. Sign up to the Biblioteche di Roma newsletter when you join to stay informed about the latest offers and events.

Get a MIC card

It’s not entirely an exaggeration to say that the reason I rushed to register my residence in Rome, more than the urgency of Brexit, was so that I could get a MIC card.

This little tessera, reserved for people living or studying or Rome, is an astonishingly good deal – so much so that I keep half expecting the council to get rid of it. But until they do, for the price of just €5 a year, you can enjoy unlimited access to any of the city’s 19 municipal museums and 25 archaeological sites. You’ll also get priority entry to special events and a 10 percent discount in museum bookshops and cafés. 

Find out how to get yours here

Take a (different) tour

Romans seem more willing than most to be tourists in their own city. Go on a guided tour and you’ll always find people who live here alongside the visitors – especially if you choose one that doesn’t stick to the usual sights.

Since living here I’ve been on walking tours of film locations in neo-realist cinema, the Fascist monuments of Foro Italico and the street art of Tor Pignattara. Sometimes taking a tour gets you access to sites that are usually off-limits, like Villa Torlonia or the grounds belonging to the Knights of Malta behind the famous keyhole on the Aventine Hill.

READ ALSO: Why Rome celebrates its birthday on April 21st

Look for tours organised by local cultural associations and delivered in Italian for some of the most interesting topics. 

Likewise, get yourself a guidebook that takes you off the beaten path. Two on my shelves are Secret Rome, a great guide to the city’s odder attractions; and Roma Negata, a fascinating look at the remnants of Italy’s colonial history hiding in plain sight. 

Sunrise over Pigneto. Photo by Kinga Cichewicz on Unsplash

Take June 29th off

Every Italian city has its own public holiday in honour of its patron saint, and Rome’s is June 29th. 

The capital has two patrons, in fact: St Peter and St Paul, the apostles martyred in Rome within three years of each other and both said to be buried here. The celebrations include religious ceremonies, a flower show outside the Vatican and a fireworks display over Piazza del Popolo – not to mention a day off work, depending on your employer.

Find out more about the holiday here.

Explore Lazio

The region around Rome is all too often overlooked by tourists in a hurry to get to Tuscan villages or the Amalfi Coast, but as a resident you’ll have plenty of time to discover all that Lazio has to offer. 

READ ALSO: These are the best beaches within easy reach of Rome

The region stretches from central Italy to the south and boasts hill towns to rival Tuscany’s or Umbria’s, forests and mountains as rugged as Abruzzo’s, and beaches as beautiful as (though significantly less crowded than) Campania’s. 

Whether you’re looking for day trips or weekends away, here are some Lazio travel ideas to get you started

Learn some Roman dialect

Romans’ choppy, emphatic pronunciation is sometimes looked down on by holders of one of Italy’s more typically elegant accents, and the chances are you won’t have learned to talk like a local in your Italian classes.

While you’ll get by just fine speaking standard Italian, it’s useful to grasp the basics of Roman dialect if you want to be sure of understanding what others say to you. Here’s our guide to romanesco and the words you’ll hear the most.

For some choice Roman expressions, meanwhile, try following Rome Is More on Instagram, which does its best to render some of the city’s least translatable idioms into English. 

Member comments

  1. Wow Jessica for me this has got to be one of the best articles I have read on living in Italy. I live in the Lazio region in Terracina and regularly travel to Rome for a day or for a short break with my husband, friends & visiting family. Now with all this amazing new information to hand I can’t wait to venture further to find new and even more interesting places to visit in our dearly beloved city of Rome!
    Thank you so much for sharing all this knowledge!

    1. Dear Ann,
      That’s a high compliment indeed! Thank you for your comments, and I’m really glad you found the article informative.
      Enjoy Rome and Lazio – there’s always more to explore!
      All the best,

  2. This is fascinating but to use the city web portal you really have to have good Italian. And what do you do if you don’t know what municipio you live in? How do you find that out? You can click on a Roman numeral (XII), XIII) for a municipio but that gives you no idea what the boudaries are. Thanks for the research. Joan

    1. Dear Joan,
      Thanks for reading – and I agree, the municipi can be confusing. Try searching a specific district (e.g. “Roma Municipio V”) on Google Maps to see the boundaries in more detail.
      As for the city website, you can try using Google Translate to navigate: it’s not perfect but it should help you find what you’re looking for. Try it out here.
      All the best,

  3. Hi from sunny Sardegna,
    Just wanted to say, I have only recently joined The Local, but I am really enjoying reading all the articles, very interesting, and informative. Our Italian is improving, but it is great to be able to keep up with what’s going on in Italy in English.
    Kind regards,

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For members


Antipasto to amaro: What to expect from every step of an Italian dinner

Whether you're going out to dinner in Italy or have been invited to over to a friend or extended family member's home, here's what to expect from an Italian meal.

Antipasto to amaro: What to expect from every step of an Italian dinner

More humble and less fussy than French cuisine, Italy’s cucina povera (literally, ‘kitchen of the poor’) tradition employs minimal ingredients, prioritising fresh local produce over complex techniques.

But while it might not be as elaborate and formal as its Gallic counterpart, an Italian dinner is still traditionally a multi-course affair, often stretching over several leisurely hours and involving various stages.

If you’re invited into an Italian home for lunch or dinner, you’re likely to find it a fairly relaxed occasion that may include all or just some of the courses listed below – though you can expect it to be lengthy and copious.

As in many other countries, it’s polite in Italy to bring a bottle of wine or dessert to dinner in someone’s house; if in doubt, ask what your hosts would like.

Without further ado, here’s what you can expect from a full Italian dinner.


The antipasto (‘before-meal’) is the starter course.

Its remit is pretty broad, and might include anything from bruschetta to salad to a cheese or meat platter. If you’re in someone’s home, you might be served olives or savoury snacks such as taralli.

While you’ve probably heard of the tradition of the pre-dinner aperitivo drink and snack, this is separate from the dinner itself, and usually takes place in bars or cafes rather than in restaurants or homes.

READ ALSO: Reader question: What time do people eat dinner in Italy?

Primo piatto

A primo is a carb-based dish: almost always pasta, though it could also be risotto, gnocchi or polenta.

In line with the cucina povera, which describes the make-do cooking of poverty-stricken rural Italy in decades gone by, this dish serves to fill the diner up before moving on to a smaller (more expensive) protein course.

Because of this, while you might find small amounts of meat or fish in Italian primi in the form of guanciale in your carbonara or minced beef in your ragù sauce, you won’t be served large quantities of meat with your primo.

Polpette, or meatballs, are a separate second course, and you’ll never come across a chicken-based pasta dish in Italy.

READ ALSO: OPINION: Why do Italians get so angry if you mess with classic recipes?

Secondo piatto

The secondo is, as its name suggests, your second main dish – usually meat or fish, though most restaurants will offer at least one vegetarian option in the form of something like an aubergine parmigiana.

If you want to round it out, you can order one or more contorni – side plates of salad or vegetables.

Italian restaurants will provide both primo and secondo options, but these days most places won’t expect you to order both, and it’s fine for one person to order a primo and the other a secondo to arrive at the same time.


Once the secondo is over, it’s time for dessert.

The type of dolce you’re offered will likely vary depending on region, but the list commonly includes cantucci biscuits to be dipped in vin santo dessert wine, panna cotta, a crostata tart, and, of course, tiramisù.

If you’ve got a hankering for gelato, you’re probably best off heading out to one of the many gelaterie that populate the piazzas and streets Italian towns, where you’ll have access to a wide range of flavours.

READ ALSO: The must-try foods from every region of Italy


Next comes the caffè, which in Italy is an espresso – definitely not a cappuccino or caffè latte, which are strictly breakfast drinks, though you might get away with asking for a splash of milk and making yours a caffè macchiato.

It might seem unwise to consume caffeine at the end of the evening, but you can always order a caffè decaffeinato (usually shortened to deca), and its effects are at any rate tempered by what follows:


At the very end of the night, you’ll likely be offered a bitter amaro liqueur or some other spirit-based digestivo (some restaurants will bring these for free along with the bill).

This could also be a distilled liquor grappa, or if you’re further south, a sweet limoncello.

Taken straight after or along with your coffee, these after-dinner drinks are known in Italy as an ammazzacaffè – literally, a coffee-killer, for its dampening effect on the caffeine.

Congratulations, you’ve made it to the end of an Italian meal! Now you just have to roll yourself off your chair or sofa and make your way home, where you’ll spend a good portion of the following day digesting your meal.