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EXPLAINED: Where do you now need to show a Covid green pass in Italy?

A visitor shows his Covid-19 certificates for scanning before entering a museum. (Photo by Andreas SOLARO / AFP)
The rules around where, when, and now what kind of green pass is required in Italy have changed repeatedly in recent weeks. Here's a complete list of the current contexts in which you’ll need a Covid health certificate.

What is the ‘green pass’?

The basic Italian Covid-19 health certificate, often referred to as a ‘green pass’, proves bearers have either been vaccinated with at least one dose, recovered from Covid-19 within the past six months, or tested negative for the virus in the last two to three days (depending on the type of test taken).

Those who don’t have the basic Italian health pass or an equivalent recognised by the Italian authorities (see our ‘Equivalent passes’ section below) need to get tested in Italy or elsewhere in the EU in order to claim a  pass that remains valid for 48 or 72 hours.

READ ALSO: How can you get Italy’s ‘green pass’ if you’re not vaccinated?

This pass can be downloaded along with a QR code to a mobile phone or printed out for those who prefer a paper copy.

Children under the age of 12 are exempt from the green pass requirement, but the rules apply to everyone over that age, including tourists and non-resident visitors.

Currently, the basic green pass is all that’s required to access any venue or service in Italy.

However, that all is set to change from December 6th, when Italy will introduce the ‘super green pass‘:

READ ALSO: EXPLAINED: How will Italy’s Covid restrictions change in December?

What is the ‘super green pass’?

On November 24th, Italy’s parliament unanimously approved a new decree tightening the country’s Covid restrictions and introducing the ‘super green pass’ requirement, which will come into force from December 6th.

The super green pass functions in exactly the same way as the basic green pass, but can only be obtained by those who have been vaccinated against or have recovered from Covid – not those who have recently tested negative for the virus.

From December 6th, the super green pass will be required to access most venues and services in Italy.

READ ALSO: Q&A: How will Italy’s new Covid ‘super green pass’ work?

The basic green pass will remain in place, but will only be valid for certain essential uses such as accessing the workplace.

The new law also introduces some new situations where a basic green pass will be required.

Here’s our updated guide for when and where you’ll need the green pass and the super green pass.

Photo: MARCO BERTORELLO / AFP

Public transport:

Since September 1st, the green pass has been obligatory for passengers using interregional public transport, including trains, domestic flights and ferries, as well as international services.

From December 6th, that requirement will be extended to city buses, trams, and other forms of local public transport, as well as regional trains.

However, it appears as though only a basic green pass, and not a super green pass, will be required for all types of public transport – meaning a pass obtained through a recent negative test result will suffice.

All passengers on high-speed train services and on Intercity services will have their pass verified along with their tickets on board the train.

READ ALSO: How long will Italy keep the Covid green pass requirement in place?

Passengers who can’t show a valid pass can be asked to move to an area reserved for passengers without a green pass and will then have to get off at the next stop, according to national rail operator Trenitalia.

In the case of local public transport, random spot checks will be carried out by ticket conductors, but passengers will not individually have their passes checked on every journey (as should be the case for long-distance transport).

Photo: Marco BERTORELLO / AFP

Leisure and culture:

Since August 6th, the green pass has been required to enter:

  • Performances open to the public, sporting events and competitions (that includes football matches in open-air stadiums).
  • Museums, exhibitions and other cultural sites and spaces.
  • Indoor swimming pools, sports centres, gyms and spas (including within private commercial accommodation – so your hotel will ask to see your green pass before you enter any indoor leisure facilities).
  • Festivals, fairs, and conferences.
  • Theme parks and amusement parks.
  • Indoor activities in cultural, social and recreational centres, with the exception of educational centers for children and summer day centres.
  • Gaming rooms, betting rooms, bingo halls and casinos.
  • Ski slopes and ski lifts. Though not mandated by the government, operators of winter sports facilities have chosen to require all visitors to show a green pass this season.

EXPLAINED: What are the Covid rules on Italian ski slopes this winter?

This requirement remains in place, but from December 6th only the super green pass will be valid to access these ‘non-essential’ activities.

Failing to check the pass can earn both customers and venues a fine from €400 to €1,000, with businesses that repeatedly break the rules risk being forced to close for up to ten days. 

Bars and restaurants:

Since August 6th, the green pass has been required in indoor seating areas at bars and restaurants, but has not been required to eat or drink in outdoor seating areas.

From December 6th, a super green pass will be required to eat indoors at any establishment – but it remains the case that no health certificate is necessary if you want to eat or drink outside.

Likewise, it appears that you will still be able to drink your espresso standing at the counter of a café without showing any kind of health pass: it’s only if you want to sit at a table indoors that you’ll need it. Just remember to keep your face mask on when you’re not sipping.

In the least restricted ‘white’ zone (currently all of Italy), there is no limit on how many people can sit at a table, whereas in the more restricted ‘yellow’ zone (which can be introduced in provinces if there are localised outbreaks), restaurants can currently seat a maximum of four people to a table, regardless of who has a green pass and whether the table is indoors or outdoors.

The ‘super green pass’ is expected to change this, as the government says recreational activities will be able to go on as normal for those in possession of the pass – even if they are in a ‘yellow’ or even more restricted ‘orange’ zone.

Hotels

From December 6th, a green pass will be required to stay in Italy’s hotels – one of the few venues that until now have been exempted from health certificate requirements.

However, in this case the basic green pass is all that’s required, meaning that anyone can access the facilities provided they have a recent negative test result.

Schools and universities:

Since August 6th, university students across Italy have been required to show a green pass to enter university premises.

On September 1st, that requirement was expanded to include all school and university employees including teachers and support staff; and on September 9th, it was further extended to external workers in schools and universities, such as cleaning company and canteen staff, as well as parents of schoolchildren.

READ ALSO: Parents in Italy to require Covid green pass to enter schools

School staff who failed to show their pass for five days straight were warned they would be suspended and have their pay frozen, while non-staff faced fines of up to €1,000 for entering without the pass.

From December 15th, that changes once again, as the new law stipulates that school employees, including teachers and administrative staff, must be vaccinated in order to do their jobs.

The measure is a key part of the government’s strategy to ensure that pupils can learn in person, after constantly changing Covid restrictions kept them in and out of classrooms for much of the past 18 months.

Photo: Vincenzo PINTO / AFP

Workplaces:

In addition to expanding the requirements for schools, on October 15th the Covid-19 green pass was extended to all areas of public and private work.

The law requires all public, private, and self-employed workers across the country to produce a health certificate showing that they are vaccinated, recovered or have proof of a recent negative coronavirus test in order to enter any workplace.

The latest decree of November 24th does not change this requirement, and the basic green pass will remain valid for accessing the workplace – meaning workers do not necessarily need to be vaccinated against or recovered from Covid to do their jobs, though those who aren’t require a negative test result.

However, from December 15th, the categories of workers subject to a vaccine mandate will be expanded to include administrative staff working in healthcare facilities and care homes, police officers, members of the military, and emergency services workers (as well as school staff).

Vaccines have already been compulsory in Italy since April for anyone working in public or private social health positions, including in pharmacies and doctors’ offices. 

Workers in all other categories who fail to produce a basic green pass cannot be fired, but they could be fined or suspended without pay.

All employees across the public and private sectors without a green pass face penalties of between €600 and €1,500, and salaries will be frozen from the first day that they are without the certificate. Employers are subject to fines of between €400 and €1,000 for failing to uphold the rules.

READ ALSO: How Italy is enforcing the new workplace green pass rules

Photo: Piero CRUCIATTI / AFP

Places where you still don’t need a health pass:

As touched on above, you don’t need any kind of green pass to eat or drink outdoors at a restaurant, or have a drink while standing at a bar, provided you keep your mask on when you’re not sipping.

You also don’t need one to go shopping or to go to the hairdresser.

Those carrying out their jobs from home or ‘smart working’ won’t need a green pass, as it’s only required to access workplaces. However, the Government has stated that agile working cannot be used to avoid getting a green pass.

How long does your green pass last?

The duration varies according to the type of certificate you have.

The super green pass lasts for:

  • Nine months after completion of the vaccination cycle;
  • Nine months if recovered from Covid-19 and with one dose of vaccine;
  • Six months from the date of end of isolation for those recovered from Covid.

The basic green pass lasts for

  • 72 hours after PCR negative test result;
  • 48 hours after a negative rapid antigenic swab result.

Equivalent passes: 

You may not need the Italian version of the health pass for travel and leisure purposes, depending on which country you’re visiting from.

Italy recognises all equivalent health passes from other EU countries and proof of immunisation issued from any of these five non-EU countries, including on paper.

That means visitors just need to carry the official proof of vaccination issued by your home country, such as a CDC-approved vaccination card from the US, a provincial immunisation card from Canada or an NHS vaccination certificate from the UK.

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