Explained: How Italy’s rules on travel from EU countries have changed

A traveller at Rome's Fiumicino airport.
A traveller at Rome's Fiumicino airport. Photo: Filippo Monteforte/AFP
The rules on travel to Italy have changed for people arriving from within the EU. Here's what you need to know.

Italy has brought back a requirement for arrivals from other EU countries to take a coronavirus test before departure, while unvaccinated arrivals must quarantine for five days.

The Italian government announced the changes on Tuesday, and they came into effect on Thursday morning, leaving people planning to travel from within Europe this week scrambling to get tested.

READ ALSO: What will Italy’s Covid restrictions be this Christmas?

If you’re planning to travel to Italy soon, here’s a closer look at what changes on Thursday, December 16th, according to the new ordinance signed by the Italian health minister on Tuesday night.

Travel from within the EU

The new rules mean all EU travellers who are double or triple-vaccinated against Covid-19 must now also show a negative test result from within the 24-hour period before departure (for rapid antigen tests, also known as lateral flow or LFTs) or the 48 hours before departure (for PCR tests).

Meanwhile, those travelling to Italy who have not completed a full vaccination cycle must take a pre-departure test, undergo a five-day quarantine period on arrival, and then test for release.

Italy defines a full vaccination cycle as two doses of a jab approved by the European Medicines Agency (Pfizer, Moderna or Astrazeneca) or the one-shot Johnson & Johnson vaccine.

Previously, EU arrivals had to show proof of vaccination, recent recovery or a negative test.

The new rules are in effect from Thursday, December 16th until at least January 31st.

READ ALSO: ‘Fit to fly’: Are Covid lateral flow tests valid for travel to Italy?

Children aged under 12 are not subject to the five-day quarantine rule if they are travelling with adults who are vaccinated or have recovered from Covid, reported Italy’s Ansa news agency on Wednesday, citing government sources.

The health ministry’s new ordinance extends the provisions made for minors under a previous ordinance issued on October 22nd.

Article 8 of the previous decree states that “minors accompanied by a parent are not required to undergo isolation if this obligation is not imposed on the parent because they are in possession of a vaccination certificate or a certificate of recovery”.

In general, the new ordinance keeps all other previous rules for EU travellers in place.

This means the rules still apply equally to passengers whether travelling to Italy by air, road, rail or any other mode of transportation.

While international air and rail passengers should have pre-departure tests checked ahead of boarding, those arriving via road may be subject to checks when crossing the Italian border.

Rome’s airport authority on Thursday said it would also stepping up security controls for arrivals to ensure compliance with the law, but stated: “Minister Speranza’s directive, which came into force today, does not change the responsibility for checks that remains with the airlines before departure from the various EU countries in order to ensure maximum safety on the plane.”

Arriving passengers who are unable to show both proof of vaccination and a valid negative test result will not be prevented from entering the country, but are subject to the five-day quarantine and double testing requirement.

Non-EU countries

For those arriving from the UK and northern Ireland, the Italian health ministry’s ordinance stated that molecular (PCR) tests must now be taken within the 48 hour period before departure and rapid antigen (LFT) tests in the 24 hours before arrival, instead of 48 as was previously the case.

The rules for arrivals in Italy from the UK, northern Ireland and the British Isles otherwise remain unchanged under the new update. Travellers were already subject to a testing requirement, as well as the five-day quarantine period if unvaccinated.

For other non-EU countries on Italy’s travel list D, including the United States and Canada, the new ordinance effectively extends existing measures and there are no changes.

The ordinance also extends Italy’s ban on travel from eight countries in southern Africa implemented in late November following the detection of the Omicron variant.

The Italian health ministry is on Thursday updating its online guidance for travellers (here in English) based on the new ordinance.

Please note The Local cannot advise on individual cases. For further details about how Italy’s current Covid-19 health measures apply to you, please consult the Italian embassy in your country or see the Italian health ministry’s website (available in English).

Member comments

  1. I live in Italy (but am a US citizen/expat) and am traveling by private car to France this weekend. When I return to my home in Italy, again by private car, must I also take the covid test before crossing the border? Even if I test positive, isn’t it true that I would be allowed to return to my home?

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