SHARE
COPY LINK
For members

PROPERTY

EXPLAINED: What are Italy’s rules and taxes for Airbnb rentals?

Renting your property on Airbnb might seem like a quick way to make some cash — but without the right paperwork, you could face big fines.

EXPLAINED: What are Italy’s rules and taxes for Airbnb rentals?
Photo: Photo by Ellie Cooper on Unsplash

There are somewhere around 83,000 Airbnbs in Italy, hosting more than 3.6 million guests each year — at least according to the company’s last count.

If you think that’s still not enough, listing your home on the service is easy. But it’s far from the only step you’ll need to take.

READ ALSO: ‘What we learned from moving to Italy and opening a B&B’

By comparison to some other countries, Italy’s massive accommodations sector is heavily regulated, and rules are not always consistent from place to place.

So just what do you need to do to list your property on Airbnb? Here’s a look at the details across Italy and by region.

How do I legally rent out my apartment on Airbnb?

To start, most municipalities require that you inform them you are starting a short-term rental business by filing something called a ‘segnalazione certificata di inizio attività‘ or SCIA with your local one-stop shop for business services, called the SUAP (Sportello Unico Attività Produttive).

In some regions, registering with the SUAP will also give you a unique identifier code that you will be required to use in all your advertising and on any online posts. Many regions also require that you report statistics about the number of guests you have hosted on a monthly basis using that same code.

At the SUAP or at your local Questura, you’ll also need to get credentials for Alloggiati Web, an online portal for uploading your guests’ identity documents. It is a legal requirement across Italy to upload a copy of every guest’s passport or other identity document within 24 hours of check-in.

The last common requirement is to provide every guest with a written short-term rental contract. This will need to be signed by both parties when they arrive. You can find templates for these contracts online.

READ ALSO: Disappearing PECs: How lost emails can land you with big fines in Italy

That’s a good start, but you may have other obligations. Generally speaking, your legal responsibilities get more complex the more services you offer as part of your guest’s stay. If you offer breakfast, that may change how your accommodation is classified and, in some regions, mean heaps of new paperwork. Same goes if you are leasing more than two properties, offering tours, or incorporating as a business.

In some regions, even putting up a sign could see you re-classified as a full-on bed-and-breakfast rather than a relatively simple short-term rental — while in others, signs might be a legal requirement.

What about taxes?

Many municipalities have added tourist taxes to the cost of a stay. These are usually just a few euro per night, but you’ll need to find out the exact rate from your local municipality. In places where Airbnb doesn’t collect these for you, you’ll need to collect them in cash at check-in — and to avoid a headache, make sure to specify you’ll do so in the details of your posting.

At tax time, you would declare any rental income as part of your overall income for the year. That means you’ll pay somewhere between 23 and 43 percent tax on it at year’s end — though you can also deduct certain expenses, like renovations, that go into the business.

If that sounds too dear, there’s also the option of the ‘cedolare secca’ rate — a flat tax of 21 percent on short-term rental income. Airbnb is currently fighting in court to avoid having this rate automatically applied to bookings made in Italy, so for now, you’ll need to file for that rate at tax time.

There is also the option of incorporating and charging VAT on your rentals. But beware: operating short-term rentals as a corporation often puts those properties in a different regulatory category, and may entail a lot more paperwork.

All to say, it might be a good idea to read your local regulations and speak to your municipal authority if you’re still wondering what your obligations might be.

See more details for each Italian region below.

Photo by Lennart Schulz on Unsplash

Abruzzo

In Abruzzo, it’s mandatory to file a SCIA outlining the details of your property only if you’re leasing three or more apartments or are incorporated as a business.

You do, however, have to register with SITRA, the region’s online tourism tracking system, which will mean a visit to your local SUAP or municipal office (use this form to apply for credentials).

You’ll also receive a unique identifier, called a CIR, that you need to include on all your posts and advertisements.

In addition, Abruzzo requires that you post a maximum price list for the year in a common area of your rental. You don’t need to stick to these prices, but if you go above them, your customers can demand you lease at that rate.

Airbnb does not collect tourist taxes in Abruzzo, so you should check with your municipality to see if any tourist taxes are in effect and should be charged to guests.

Aosta Valley

The Aosta Valley does require that you file a SCIA at the local office, and adds the requirement of an in-person inspection within 60 days.

Airbnb does not collect tourist taxes in Aosta Valley.

Basilicata

Basilicata also requires that you file a SCIA at the local office (the form is here). If you’re not clear what category of establishment you fall into, you can request classification by filing this form with all your details. Within 90 days, the province and municipality should issue an authorization to start renting.

You’re required to report the total number of guests from the previous month by the tenth of the following month using the region’s SIST online reporting system. To gain access, you need to file this form with the receipt you should have received from the local office.

Unlike many other regions, Basilicata also requires you get insurance for civil liability in the event of any injury to guests, and report its annual renewal to the municipality.

Basilicata also still requires operators to report their maximum prices for the year to the province. This needs to be done by September 30th of the previous year, or within one day of receiving your authorization. You can change prices beginning in June, so long as you tell the province by March 1st.

Airbnb does not collect tourist taxes in Basilicata.

Calabria

Since 2015, Calabrian law has allowed specifically for “apartments for tourist use”, a category designed for Airbnbs. As long as you rent no more than three units, for no longer than six months at a time, you can apply to operate in this category.

You need to register with a SCIA and report monthly tourist statistics via the region’s SIRDAT system. Like Basilicata, you also need to report maximum and minimum prices to the region electronically by October 1st of each year for the following year. These prices also need to be made available on your website and displayed in a common area and in each room.

Airbnb does not collect tourist taxes in Calabria.

Campania

To start renting in Campania, you’ll need to file a SCIA at your local one-stop shop. Like in the regions above, you also need to communicate details of arriving/departing customers at the region’s tourist surveyor website, and upload details of your maximum prices by October 1st at this website.

Airbnb automatically collects and remits the local tourist tax in Napoli, but elsewhere you will need to check with your municipality about the rate and collect and remit it yourself.

Emilia-Romagna

In Emilia-Romagna you can start renting as soon as you submit your SCIA at the local office, as long as you have no more than three properties.

You need to submit a declaration of your prices and record the number of stays in a month using the province’s Ross1000 system. Logins are provided by your provincial office. Your maximum prices also need to be displayed using this form.

Airbnb automatically collects and remits the municipal tourist taxes in Bologna, Parma, and Rimini, but in any other municipality, you will need to confirm the amount and collect and remit it yourself.

Friuli-Venezia-Giulia

As in Emilia-Romagna, you can get started renting as soon as you submit these forms to your local SUAP.

You’re required to report the usual tourist statistics via the region’s WEBTUR service, and you need to maintain a current price list in a public area of the house or apartment, specifying that those prices may vary.

You’re also technically required to say how many stars your accommodation has received, if it’s received a classification from the region, in any ads you publish.

Lazio

If you have three or fewer rental units, you need to file this form with the local SUAP, or register at the region’s online portal, selecting an “allogio per uso turistico.” 

Registering will give you an identifier code (CIR) to use in your reporting and advertising.

As in the regions above, a price list must be displayed in reception or a common area and in every room of your accommodation.

Rome also requires you report the number of tourists staying at your establishment. To do so, you need to use your identifier code (CIR) to request a login on this portal. You’re required to report each month’s numbers by the fifth of the following month.

Rome’s tourist tax is collected automatically by Airbnb at the time of booking. But in other Lazio municipalities, you will need to do this yourself.

Young women clink bottles of beer as they share an aperitif drink by the Colosseum monument in Rome on May 21, 2020,

Photo by Filippo MONTEFORTE / AFP

Liguria

In Liguria, Airbnbs are most likely categorized as “furnished apartments for tourist use” (AAUT), which can operate without being incorporated.

Registering with the SCIA will give you an identifier code called a CITRA number that must be used in all of your advertisements and postings. You need this number before you can report details of your guests to the police.

You also need to report the number of tourists that have stayed with you via the Removcli portal. Unfortunately, the instructions for this are only available in Italian and somewhat complex, but the regional government does provide a list of compatible software that you will need to use to track your stays.

If your property is inspected, you will also need to have on-site proof of your electrical system certification, gas system compliance, heating system certification and consent to lease from any co-owners.

Municipal tourist taxes in Genova and La Spezia are collected by Airbnb at the time of booking, but elsewhere, you’ll need to ask your municipality how much to collect and how to remit it.

Lombardy

In addition to registering by filing a SCIA, you’ll also need to use the Turismo5 portal to report when people are arriving at your property. You can only do this after you’ve submitted your SCIA and had it approved by the town council.

When your listing is approved, you’ll also receive your identifier number (CIR) used to report your numbers. You need to list this number in all of your ads.

Even if you have no guests, you need to report your visitor numbers monthly.

Airbnb collects municipal tourist taxes in Bergamo, Milan, and Lissone, but elsewhere in Lombardy, you will need to do so yourself.

Marche

Marche allows you to rent three or fewer properties for a maximum of three months to one person or six months in a year without incorporating. You file this form with your local municipality to get started.

From the region’s documentation, it appears there is no obligation to report or display prices, display a registration number, or report monthly statistics on the number of tourists.

Airbnb doesn’t collect municipal tourist taxes in Marche.

Molise

Molise does not have specific regulations for Airbnbs or similar rentals yet. Other short-term rentals are usually required to display their prices and services, and forms are provided on the regional website for communicating that data to the regional government.

Without clearer information, we’d recommend you visit your local offices and ask if you need to file a SCIA.

You will need to visit your local Questura to get credentials for the Allogati web service if your municipality can’t provide them.

Piedmont

In Piedmont, your rental is most likely to be categorized under ‘case ed appartamenti vacanze or CAV. You need to register using a SCIA on the Impresainungiorno Portal.

Turin has a municipal tourist tax that is collected by Airbnb, but in other municipalities, you will need to collect and remit it yourself.

Puglia

You must register your Airbnb online at the website dms.puglia.it with your personal information and the specifications of your accommodation. You’ll then be emailed a unique identifier called a CIS. This needs to be included in all your promotional materials.

This same number is used on the Alloggiati website to register new tourist’s documents.

In Puglia, Airbnb only automatically collects the tourist tax in Lecce. In all other towns and cities, you will need to collect and remit it manually to your local office.

Sardinia 

In Sardinia, Airbnbs are most likely to be categorized as bed and breakfasts. You’re not allowed to have more than three rooms and twelve beds.

You need to notify the municipality at the SUAP using form F-46. You’ll receive a classification and an “IUN” identification code. You can start hosting people from when you submit your documents.

You need to report statistics about the tourists you’re hosting to the SIRED statistics system. You have to request access from the regional tourism department.

Airbnb collects tourist taxes in Arzachena, Golfo Aranci, Olbia, Posada, Santa Teresa Gallura, and Stintino, but elsewhere, you’ll need to do this yourself.

Sicily

Sicily’s tourism law is unclear about Airbnbs, and management of tourism in the region was recently reorganized to give a larger role to provincial tourism authorities or AAPITs (azienda del tourismo della provincia).

But a 2016 circular says bed and breakfasts could be fined as much as €3,098 for operating without authorization via SCIA from your local municipality, so you definitely want to err on the side of caution.

The law does define something like Airbnbs as ‘case ed appartamenti per le vacanze’ — rentals for no more than three months at a time.

For that category, you are required to apply for a classification, valid for five years, from your local tourism authority in order to obtain an operating license.

But in general, it’s a good idea to check in with your local tourism authority or municipality before renting to ensure you’re following the right procedure.

Airbnb does collect tourist taxes on behalf of hosts in Catania and Palermo, but elsewhere on the island you’ll need to do it yourself.

Photo by TIZIANA FABI / AFP

Tuscany

As elsewhere, you need to register the details of property with the local SUAP. You can do that using this form or online by searching for ‘Locazioni turistiche’ on this portal. This includes info such as the period during which the accommodation is rented, the number of rooms available, and the websites where it will be advertised.

In return you will be given an identifier code for the property that must be used in your promotional material.

You are also required to post details of the property publicly in the reception area using this form, alongside a list of your maximum prices using this form.

If you’re in the metropolitan area of Florence, you also need to use the Turismo5 website/app to report when people are arriving at your property. You can only do this after you’ve submitted your SCIA. Even if you have no guests, you need to report details monthly.

Airbnb collects municipal tourist taxes in Florence, Bagno a Ripoli, Lucca, and Sienna, but elsewhere, you’ll need to handle collecting and remitting the tax yourself.

Trentino Alto Adige

Trentino Alto Adige allows you to rent up to three properties without incorporating. You need to declare your intentions to rent and register with your local SUAP.

You’re also required to use the unique identifier they will assign you, called a CIPAT, in all your advertising.

Airbnb doesn’t collect municipal tourist taxes in Trentino Alto Adige.

Umbria

In Umbria you can rent up to two properties while remaining classified under ‘case ed appartamenti per le vacanze’. You need to file this form with the SUAP before you can start renting.

You’re also required to record statistics about your guests via the Turismatica website, by the fifth of each following month.

“It is important to remember that communication must always be made, even in the absence of movement”, the website notes, or you could be fined between 1,000 and 4,000 euros.

Airbnb doesn’t collect municipal tourist taxes in Umbria.

Veneto

Veneto has one of the more generous categories for Airbnb rentals, called ‘Locazioni Turistiche‘. According to FAQs on the region’s website (in Italian) you need not even file a SCIA with the local municipality before renting your place.

However, you are required to register with the region using this form and collect statistical data on the flow of tourists. Registering will give you access to the ROSS 1000 reporting platform, and give you a unique code, which you must include on all advertisements.

You also need to post the number “on a plaque affixed in a clearly visible way at the external entrance of the building that contains the accommodation.” You need to do this within 30 days of starting your rental, the website says.

Airbnb doesn’t collect tourist tax in Venice or anywhere in Veneto, so you’ll need to do so yourself and remit to the municipality.

Member comments

Log in here to leave a comment.
Become a Member to leave a comment.
For members

PROPERTY

Revealed: The most expensive places in Italy to buy a house in 2022

Many factors are at play when deciding where to purchase a home in Italy. To help you decide, here are the most expensive and sought-after locations in Italy, according to the latest data.

Revealed: The most expensive places in Italy to buy a house in 2022

Searching for the right property in Italy involves a balancing act of location, price, convenience and how much, if any, restoration work needs to be done.

Budget usually tops the list for house-hunters, narrowing down the number of potentials for making your move to or within Italy.

If the entire country is your blank slate, here are the areas in Italy that rank as the most expensive – and desired – according to data from property portal Idealista for the first quarter of 2022.

The report ranks the top 100 municipalities according to popularity, based on those listings generating the most leads (email contacts and shares) and those where the average final sale price is highest.

READ ALSO: How bargain homes made one Italian town €100 million in two years

Taking the top spot for the most expensive place to buy in Italy is Pietrasanta in Versilia, in the province of Lucca, which the researchers also state holds first place in the top 100 most expensive places to rent a house too.

This area includes the playground of the rich, Forte dei Marmi, where the average selling price of a house is over half a million euros (€541,351).

The table below shows the full ranking.

In second place is Alassio, in the province of Savona, where homebuyers will on average shell out €467,019 for a residential property (again, valid for the first quarter of 2022).

Venice comes in at third place, where the average asking price is €433,640.

READ ALSO: EXPLAINED: The hidden costs of buying a home in Italy

In the top 10 spots, the report noted that the most expensive properties are in tourist resorts, possibly driven by those wanting second homes in popular locations.

Such locations include Lerici, Riccione, Desenzano del Garda, Camaiore and Cervia, while the cities of Florence and Milan, where average sale prices exceed €350,000, have also made the top 10.

The study revealed that the final average price of a house for sale in Rome is €273,341.

Researchers also looked at popularity of locations, based on pressure of demand on supply across Italy.

Bologna topped the charts, making it the city with the highest number of contacts per advert (4.7) of houses for sale published on idealista. Cagliari followed in second with 3.8 contacts per advert and Milan (3.4 contacts per advert). Trieste, Naples, Rome, Salerno, Brescia, Verona and Lecce also made the top 10.

READ ALSO: 15 insider tips to make living in Bologna even better

Here’s a selection of the most popular places to buy in Italy based on the report data, narrowed down to the top 20.

See more in The Local’s Italian property section.

SHOW COMMENTS