Pope to address EU parliament amid criticism

Pope Francis is expected to take Europe to task over racial and religious intolerance during a visit to the European Parliament on Tuesday, as the crisis-hit continent battles growing populism and the spectre of radicalization.

Pope to address EU parliament amid criticism
European Parliament chief Martin Schulz (left) has been criticized for inviting Pope France to address a secular body. Photo: Andrew Medichini/AFP

It will be the second visit by a pope to the parliament in the French city of Strasbourg – a lightning, four-hour trip which will see Francis address both lawmakers and the Council of Europe.

The pontiff has in the past dubbed Europe a "tired" continent which has lost its way, criticizing its high unemployment, a declining birthrate and poor treatment of the marginalized and elderly by those in thrall to "the idol of money".

The climate has changed greatly since the last papal visit to the French city in 1988, and Vatican watchers say the Argentine pontiff will have to fight harder to be heard in an increasingly secular continent.

The 77-year old had been criticized for neglecting Europe since his election in February last year, preferring to focus on areas of potential growth for the Catholic Church, such as Asia.

He then surprised many by choosing Albania – a poor country outside the European Union – as his first destination, a decision which experts said underlined his desire to see European ideals applied across borders rather than along institutionally-defined lines.

The Pope is expected to repeat his call for greater tolerance, social inclusion and dialogue as a recourse to a rise in racism and radicalization in countries hit hard by the economic crisis and the austerity measures imposed to overcome it.

Nationalist, Eurosceptic and anti-immigration parties in several countries scored victories in European Parliament elections in May on the back of widespread frustration with Brussels.

Europe is also grappling with the departure of hundreds of citizens for Syria and Iraq, where they openly join jihadist groups and urge others to follow.

'Wake Europe from lethargy'

The leader of the world's 1.2 billion Roman Catholics will likely call for more to be done to tackle youth unemployment – which stands at an average 21.6 percent in the continent – and to care for those fleeing war zones and persecution.

His visit has sparked protests in some quarters, with critics slamming European Parliament head Martin Schulz's decision to invite a religious leader to address a secular body.

But in an editorial published Sunday in the Vatican daily l'Osservatore Romano, Schulz rejected the criticism and said he believed Francis would "wake Europe from its lethargy".

"As president of the parliament I can only say that the church has played a leading role in limiting the material and immaterial damage from the economic crisis," Schulz said.

While the European People's Party (EPP) – the largest in parliament – was founded by Christian Democratic parties in the 1970s, ties to the Catholic Church have eroded over time and the Vatican has little clout in contemporary European politics.

According to the Italian Catholic news agency SIR, the parliament's directorate-general for external policies published an internal report ahead of Francis's visit which flagged up major differences between the Vatican and Europe on issues from the free market to gender theories.

Many, particularly in the Church's conservative arm, will be watching closely to see whether Francis will address hot-button topics such as gay marriage, abortion and euthanasia – particularly after a slew of recent legislative changes in European countries.

He has warned Catholic leaders against focusing too much on divisive issues and has avoided making strong pronouncements on such topics himself.

He is more likely, 25 years after the fall of the Berlin wall, to urge Europeans to continue on the path of inclusion rather than lending their ears to those who would bolster borders.

On the 100th anniversary of the start of the First World War, Francis may also call for peace in Ukraine and other conflict zones.

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Italy’s government to continue sending weapons to Ukraine in 2023

Italy's new government issued a decree on Thursday to continue sending weapons to Ukraine through 2023, continuing the previous administration's policy of support to Kyiv.

Italy's government to continue sending weapons to Ukraine in 2023

The decree extends to December 31, 2023 an existing authorisation for “the transfer of military means, materials and equipment to the government authorities of Ukraine,” according to a government statement.

Since taking office in October, Prime Minister Giorgia Meloni has repeatedly voiced her support for Kyiv while underlying the importance of the Atlantic alliance.

In her first speech to parliament, the leader of the Brothers of Italy party pledged to “continue to be a reliable partner of NATO in supporting Ukraine.”

Her predecessor Mario Draghi was a staunch supporter of Kyiv, but the issue of sending arms to Ukraine split the biggest party in parliament during his coalition government, the Five Star Movement.

That friction led to the early elections that brought Meloni to power.

Parliament now has 60 days to vote the decree into law.

READ ALSO: Outcry in Italy after Berlusconi defends Putin’s invasion of Ukraine

Despite Meloni’s efforts to reassure her Western allies of Italy’s support for the EU’s and NATO’s Ukraine strategy, including sanctions on Russia, the close ties to Russia of her two coalition partners have come under scrutiny.

Both Matteo Salvini of the League party and former premier Silvio Berlusconi, who leads Forza Italia, have long enjoyed warm relations with Russia.

In October, an audio tape of Berlusconi was leaked to the media in which the former premier described how he had received a birthday present of vodka from Russian President Vladimir Putin.

In the tape, he also expressed concerns about sending weapons and cash to Kyiv and appeared to blame the war on Ukraine’s president, Volodymyr Zelensky.

Berlusconi later issued a statement saying his personal position on Ukraine “does not deviate” from that of Italy and the EU.

Since the beginning of the war in Ukraine, Salvini, too, has come under fire for his relations with Moscow, including a report that he dined with Russia’s ambassador to Rome just days after that country’s invasion of Ukraine.

Salvini, who has criticised EU sanctions as ineffective, has long admired Putin, even wearing T-shirts emblazoned with the Russian leader’s face.