Naples starts demolition of notorious crime-ridden Scampia buildings

The Sails of Scampia — a crime-ridden housing project on the outskirts of Naples — are being torn down as the area aims to leave its past behind.

Naples starts demolition of notorious crime-ridden Scampia buildings
A shot of the famous Scampia housing complex at night. Photo: AFP

After years of planning, today Naples will go ahead with the long-awaited demolition of six of the notorious Scampia tower blocks, known as a major crime hotspot in the city.

Le vele, or “the sails”, is the name of the unusually-shaped concrete buildings that made up the complex in Scampia, on the outskirts of the city, thrown up in the 1970s to house some of the city's poorest people.

Photo: AFP

They've been a national symbol of poverty and degradation since the 1980s, becoming notorious across Italy as a bastion of the ruthless Camorra organised crime group.

The “sails” were made famous worldwide by scenes filmed in the neighbourhood for the hit fiilm and TV series Gomorrah.

Based on the 2006 bestselling book by Naples-born writer Roberto Saviano, the show tells the story of the Neapolitan mafia and the influence it had on the area.

READ ALSO: Naples mayor blames hit TV show Gomorrah for rise in violent crime

The concrete blocks, riddled with asbestos and divided by rubbish-strewn no-man's lands, have been a landmark on the city's northern edge for some fifty years.

Activists have been working to change the image of the district and its portrayal in the media, and things are said to have improved in recent years. But many in the city will still be glad to see the buildings torn down.

Photo: AFP

Unusually, calls to demolish the buildings were led by the residents. Before the demolition began,  campaigners, alongside mayor of Naples Luigi de Magistris, unveiled a red banner which read: “The fight has been won, goodbye.”

The long-planned demolition is part of major plans to combat the city's problems with organised crime and poverty, Italian media reports.

Three of the initial seven buildings were destroyed between 1997 and 2003 after a local movement campaigned to get rid of them.

And over the coming months three more will be removed, leaving only one of the buildings as a “testimony to a negative past, now archived,” writes Il Sole 24 Ore, and to be used as offices by the local council.

The demolition will not be immediate. Instead of explosives, authorities have opted to use special demolition vehicles “equipped with pincers capable of shredding the structures.”

The redevelopment of the area is expected to include new roads, as well as parks and public services.


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Italy records sharp rise in femicides over the past year

Murders of women in Italy increased by nearly 16 percent over the past year, with the vast majority committed by a partner or ex-partner.

Italy records sharp rise in femicides over the past year

Data from Italy’s interior ministry on Monday showed there were 125 femicides between 1 August 2021 and 31 July 2022, compared with 108 during the same period in the previous year.

Of that number, the vast majority of murders — 108 — were committed within the family sphere or an emotional context, while 68 murders, or 63 percent of the total, were committed by the victim’s partner or ex-partner, data showed.

There were a total of 319 murders in Italy in the period.

The numbers show that, on average, a woman is killed every three days in Italy.

READ ALSO: ANALYSIS: ‘Violence against women conditions every aspect of our lives’

According to a November report by the European Institute for Gender Equality, Italy came in ninth out of 15 EU member states for the number of murders of women by intimate partners, based on 2018 data.

It came in tenth when looking at homicide committed by family members and relatives.

Womens’ rights campaigners say attitudes must change in Italy, where cases of violent crimes committed against women by their partners or ex-partners are often portrayed in the media as tragic stories of love gone sour, with the killers described as “jealous”.

READ ALSO: Almost half of Italian women report suffering sexual harassment

Almost 3.5 million women in Italy have been victims of stalking, according to data from national statistics agency Istat – but only 22 percent of those report the act or seek help.

Around one in three Italian women suffer abuse at some point in their life.

Femicide commonly refers to the killing of a girl or woman by a partner or family member.