A reader recently wrote to ask about the use of a word you'll hear at least a dozen times a day in Italy: prego.
It's a great reminder that it's always important to get the basics right – and this word is one you need to master from the get-go. It's every bit as fundamental as per favore ('please') and grazie ('thank you'), and arguably more versatile.
– Grazie mille!
– Thanks very much!
– You're welcome.
Similarly, it can means 'that's quite alright' – whether someone's thanking you for something that's no big deal or asking your forgiveness.
– Mi scuso per il ritardo.
– Sorry I'm late.
– It's fine.
But prego can also take on the sense of 'please' – when you're encouraging someone to make themselves at home, for instance, or inviting them to follow you. Think of this version as 'you're welcome to [do something]'.
Ne prenda ancora, prego!
Please, have some more!
Prego, si accomodi.
Please, take a seat.
You can also use prego this same way to assent when someone asks you for permission – like 'yes, please do'.
– Posso prenderlo?
– Can I take it?
– Please do!
It all makes sense when you consider where prego comes from: the verb pregare, which means 'to pray' or 'to beseech'. Remember how in English you sometimes hear “pray tell”? It's effectively “please tell” – just the same as Italian, but we use it a lot less nowadays.
Prego is the first person singular in the present tense ('I pray'), but you might encounter it in other conjugations in formal Italian – for instance, in the conditional tense or the impersonal third person – when someone's making a really polite request.
La pregherei di non fumare.
I would beseech you to please refrain from smoking.
Si prega di bussare prima di entrare.
You are kindly requested to knock before entering.
When you use a pronoun to address the request to someone in particular, it turns prego into more of a supplication: 'I beg you'.
Ti prego, non farlo!
Don’t do it, I beg you!
But to go back to plain old prego, there's one final use that comes in very handy.
You can also use it to ask someone politely to repeat themselves when you haven't understood: like saying 'pardon?'
Come hai detto, prego?
What did you say, pardon?
Do you have an Italian word you'd like us to feature? If so, please email our editor Jessica Phelan with your suggestion.