Italian PM vows to crack down on traffickers at migrant shipwreck site

Italian Prime Minister Giorgia Meloni pledged to take a harder line against human traffickers after a visit on Thursday near the site of a shipwreck that left at least 72 dead.

Italian PM vows to crack down on traffickers at migrant shipwreck site
Flowers and crosses set as a memorial on a beach near Cutro, where at least 72 migrants died on February 26th, after their boat sank off Italy's southern Calabria region. (Photo by Tiziana FABI / AFP)

As protestors accused her right-wing government of risking lives with its hard line on migration, Meloni shifted the focus from those taking leaky boats across the Mediterranean to those who exploit them.

She said her ministers had agreed on a decree introducing a new type of felony for those who cause death or serious injury by human trafficking, a crime which will be punishable with up to 30 years in jail.

READ ALSO: ‘Political stunt’: Protests as Italian ministers visit deadly migrant shipwreck site

At least 72 people, including many children, perished when their overcrowded boat sank in stormy weather just off the coast of the southern region of Calabria on February 26th.

Critics say the government’s policy of treating migrant boats in the Central Mediterranean as a law enforcement issue, rather than a humanitarian one, may have fatally delayed the rescue last month.

In response, the government announced a further focus on law enforcement.

“We are determined to defeat human trafficking, which is responsible for this tragedy,” Meloni told journalists following a cabinet meeting.

“Our response to what happened is a policy of greater firmness on the ground.”

Italy’s Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister, Antonio Tajani, PM Giorgia Meloni and Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Infrastructure Matteo Salvini hold a press conference after a meeting at the town hall of Cutro near the site of February’s deadly shipwreck. (Photo by Tiziana FABI / AFP)

Meloni also announced measures which she said would improve legal routes for people coming to Italy from certain countries via a limited quota of work permits, though there was no mention of safe routes for those seeking asylum.

She said the decree provides for a system of work-permit quotas “reserved for countries that cooperate with Italy” in discouraging their citizens from trying to enter illegally.

The announcement came after the government held its weekly cabinet meeting in the town of Cutro, near the site of the deadly shipwreck.

Protestors outside the town hall described the move as a “publicity stunt” intended to deflect criticism of the government’s response to the tragedy so far.

Meloni’s far-right Brothers of Italy party won elections last year on a pledge to stop sea arrivals, and her governing coalition, which includes Matteo Salvini’s anti-immigrant League, has clamped down on charity rescue boats.

READ ALSO: Italy launches probe into deadly shipwreck as new rescue saves hundreds

A message reading: “People at the mercy of the sea must be saved. Murderers!” at a memorial in Crotone. – The Italian Prime Minister held a cabinet meeting in the area on March 9th following accusations that her government’s migration policies cost lives. (Photo by Tiziana FABI / AFP)

Meloni and Interior Minister Matteo Piantedosi have rejected accusations they failed to intervene to save the boat, which set off from Turkey and was carrying Afghan, Iranian, Pakistani and Syrian nationals.

Prosecutors have opened an investigation into the disaster, which occurred despite European Union border agency Frontex saying it had alerted Italian authorities to the heavily overcrowded boat.

Piantedosi, fiercely criticised for initially blaming the victims for trusting their lives to traffickers, told parliament on Tuesday that Frontex had not said the boat was in any danger.

But opposition leaders insist the coastguard is supposed to rescue all vessels carrying migrants because boats run by human traffickers are inevitably dangerously overcrowded and ill-equipped.

They have also asked why a rescue operation was not launched once police boats that had been sent out to meet the vessel were forced to turn back in increasingly rough seas.

A member of parliament who visited some of the 80 survivors told the La Repubblica newspaper on Tuesday that they had been kept in poor conditions, without even enough beds or special provisions for families and minors.

Meloni has called for the EU to further bolster efforts to tackle the issue that she says penalises Italy.

The country records tens of thousands of arrivals by sea yearly, mainly from North Africa.

Speaking as EU interior ministers met in Brussels to negotiate the distribution of asylum claims, Meloni said Italy needed concrete solutions to the tens of thousands of migrants who reach its shores annually, mainly from
North Africa.

“Italy can not confront this situation alone,” she said.

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Protesters gather in Milan as Italy limits same-sex parents’ rights

Hundreds of people took to the streets of Milan on Saturday in protest against a new government directive stopping local authorities from registering the births of same-sex couples' children.

Protesters gather in Milan as Italy limits same-sex parents' rights

“You explain to my son that I’m not his mother,” read one sign held up amid a sea of rainbow flags that filled the northern city’s central Scala Square.

Italy legalised same-sex civil unions in 2016, but opposition from the Catholic Church meant it stopped short of granting gay couples the right to adopt.

Decisions have instead been made on a case-by-case basis by the courts as parents take legal action, although some local authorities decided to act unilaterally.

Milan’s city hall had been recognising children of same-sex couples conceived overseas through surrogacy, which is illegal in Italy, or medically assisted reproduction, which is only available for heterosexual couples.

But its centre-left mayor Beppe Sala revealed earlier this week that this had stopped after the interior ministry sent a letter insisting that the courts must decide.

READ ALSO: Milan stops recognising children born to same-sex couples

“It is an obvious step backwards from a political and social point of view, and I put myself in the shoes of those parents who thought they could count on this possibility in Milan,” he said in a podcast, vowing to fight the change.

Milan's mayor Giuseppe Sala

Milan’s mayor Giuseppe Sala has assured residents that he will fight to have the new government directive overturned. Photo by Miguel MEDINA / AFP

Fabrizio Marrazzo of the Gay Party said about 20 children are waiting to be registered in Milan, condemning the change as “unjust and discriminatory”.

A mother or father who is not legally recognised as their child’s parent can face huge bureaucratic problems, with the risk of losing the child if the registered parent dies or the couple’s relationship breaks down.

Elly Schlein, newly elected leader of the centre-left Democratic Party, was among opposition politicians who attended the protest on Saturday, where many campaigners railed against the new government.

Prime Minister Giorgia Meloni, whose Brothers of Italy party came top in the September elections, puts a strong emphasis on traditional family values.

“Yes to natural families, no to the LGBT lobby!” she said in a speech last year before her election at the head of a right-wing coalition that includes Matteo Salvini’s anti-immigration League.

Earlier this week, a Senate committee voted against an EU plan to oblige member states to recognise the rights of same-sex parents granted elsewhere in the bloc.