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HEALTH

From now on in Italy, you’re only old after 75

Only over-75s should be considered 'elderly' in Italy, according to researchers, who say Italian seniors remain active for longer than their counterparts in other countries.

From now on in Italy, you're only old after 75
An elderly couple in Acciaroli, a southern Italian town with a high number of centenarians. Photo: Marco Laporta/AFP

“A 65 year old today has the physical and cognitive capacity of a 40 to 45 year old 30 years ago. And a 75 year old has that of a 55 year old in 1980,” said Niccolò Marchionni, a professor of gerontology at the University of Florence.

Speaking at the national congress of the Italian Society of Gerontology and Geriatrics in Rome on Friday, he announced that the association would bring its definition of 'elderly' in line with Italy's lengthening life spans.

READ ALSO: People in Liguria live longer than any other region in Europe

Scientists consider people elderly who can expect to live another ten years on average. By that measure, old age would have started in the early 50s for Italians born at the start of the 20th century. But since then life expectancy has increased by around 20 years, to 85 years for women and 80.6 for men.

What's more, Italians aren't just living longer, they're also staying healthier longer. Nine out of ten Italian seniors are in good health, according to research cited at the congress, one in three do physical exercise and eight out of ten say that they're satisfied with their lives.

READ ALSO: Cheese, wine and family: the Italian way to live beyond 100


Photo: Jean Bajean/Flickr – CC BY-SA 2.5

At the same time Italians remain active members of society well into what was once considered old age: nearly half of Italy's 75 to 84 year olds retain their independence, the same research said, while six in ten regularly look after their grandchildren, more than half of them full-time basis. Nearly eight out of ten see their relatives regularly, and more than four in ten meet up with friends at least once a week.

“Compared to other countries [senior] Italians dedicate more time to family and social relations, and they're a pillar of society,” said geriatrician Roberto Bernabei, president of the Health Ministry's Italia Longeva gerontology network. 

READ ALSO: This is what Italy's population will look like in 50 years

Italy has one of the oldest populations in the world, both in terms of years lived and the number of people aged 65 and over. As birth rates plummet and life expectancy climbs, more than a fifth – 22.6 percent – of Italy's 60.5 million residents are over 65, according to national statistics office Istat, and 7 percent are over 80.

But we need to think of that segment of the population as younger than it used to be, points out gerontologist Marchionni. 

“After all the reality is there for all to see: someone who is 65 in this day and age can no longer really be considered 'old',” he said.

READ ALSO: What does a plummeting birth rate mean for Italy's future?


Photo: Gabriel Bouys/AFP
 

HEALTH

Covid-19: Average life expectancy in Italy dropped by 1.2 years in 2020

Coronavirus cut average life expectancy in Italy by 1.2 years in 2020, and by more than four years in parts of the country hit hardest by the pandemic, official statistics showed on Monday.

Covid-19: Average life expectancy in Italy dropped by 1.2 years in 2020
A cemetery in Bergamo, one of the parts of Italy which has suffered the highest death toll during the coronavirus crisis. Photo: Miguel Medina/AFP

Life expectancy at birth last year stood at 82 years, compared to 83.2 years in 2019, the Istat national statistics office said in a new release.

“In 2020, the spread of the Covid-19 pandemic and the resulting sharp increase in mortality abruptly interrupted the growth in life expectancy at birth that had characterised the trend until 2019,” it said in a statement.

For many years Italy has boasted one of the longest life expectancies in Europe. But with the spread of the coronavirus, its ageing population was especially vulnerable to falling sick.

Italy has recorded close to 130,000 deaths from Covid-19 in total, which have mainly been among the elderly.

READ ALSO: 

The drop in life expectancy was even steeper in some regions such as the northern provinces of Bergamo and Cremona, the epicentre of the Covid-19 outbreak in early 2020.

Men lost on average 4.3 and 4.5 years while women lost 3.2 years and 2.9 years in these areas.

More than 129,500 people with coronavirus have died in Italy, the majority in the northern regions where 36 percent of the population lives.

According to Istat, the pandemic has wiped out many of the gains made year-on-year since 2010, when Italy’s average life expectancy was 81.7.

Italy was the first European country to face a major outbreak of Covid-19 and for a time the region of Lombardy, the nation’s economic heart, became the epicentre of the global pandemic.

Quality of life has also been impacted in Italy, particulary due to the economic repercussions of the crisis.

The government has since rolled out a vaccination programme that, as of Monday evening, had almost 72 percent of the population over 12 fully immunised.

Italy has set a target of vaccinating at least 80 percent of the population by the end of September.

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