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Can Brits still move to Italy after Brexit day?

For British people already living in Italy, the last three years have been filled with uncertainty over their rights to stay - but what about those still hoping to make the move in future?

Can Brits still move to Italy after Brexit day?
Thinking of selling up and moving to Italy? Here's what you need to know. Photo: AFP

Many British people have been nursing a long-term dream of moving to Italy one day, perhaps as a retirement plan or simply to start a new life in the sun.

But if you haven't made the move by the time the UK leaves the EU on January 31st, have you left it too late?

Let's have a look at the rules for moving countries without the benefit of EU freedom of movement.

Transition period

Assuming that the UK leaves the EU with a deal on January 31st, which at present is looking likely, there then begins a transition period.

This currently runs until December 31st, 2020, although it is possible it could be extended.

Brexit countdown: What do Brits in Italy need to do before January 31st?

During these 11 months, the Withdrawal Agreement states that both British and EU citizens keep the rights that they currently have, including the freedom to move to another EU country.

So not only can you move to Italy during this period, you probably should if it's possible and if that's been your aim of course, because afterwards things are set to get a lot more complicated.

Brits wanting to move to an Italian town like Perugia, Umbria, will need to meet certain criteria after the transition period. Photo: Alberto Pizzoli/AFP

The Withdrawal Agreement provides that British people who are already lawfully resident in an EU country have the right to remain there, and that includes people who move between Brexit day and the end of the transition period.

Many rights will be guaranteed for people who are legally resident in a country before December 31st, 2020 (or later if the transition period is extended).

The phrase “legally resident” is important though. It applies also to people already resident and means that certain criteria – including being financially self-sufficient – must be met.

READ ALSO: The ultimate guide to getting residency in Italy

Be careful to keep all paperwork relating to your arrival date in Italy – you may need it when you come to apply for residency.

UK citizens will still have the right to apply for the certificato di residenza, also referred to sometimes as the attestazione di residenza until the end of December 2020, a British Embassy spokesperson has confirmed.

The old permesso di soggiorno document no longer exists for UK nationals.

After the transition period

Once the transition period ends things get more complicated.

Exactly what the rules will be for people who want to move to Italy after this date we don't yet know – it's one of the many issues that needs to be negotiated during the transition period.

This period was originally scheduled to last for two years, but repeated Brexit delays have whittled it down to just 11 months.

In that time, a whole host of issues relating to citizens' rights need to be be agreed – as well as thrashing out a trade deal. It's an ambitious timetable by anyone's standards.

READ ALSO:

What could happen after the transition period?

As far as what kind of deal that will be agreed, we're really moving into guesswork here, but given the UK wants to end freedom of movement it seems likely that the rules will end up being similar to those already in place for American or Australian people who want to move to Italy.

And there are plenty of them living here, so clearly it's not impossible. It is a lot more complicated though – and expensive.

Photo: AFP

People who don't take up permanent residency are restricted to spending only 90 days out of every 180 in the Schengen zone – something that will have a big impact on British second-home owners in Italy.

People who want to make the move permanently need a visa. 

Most non-EU citizens have to apply for a long-stay visa in their home country before making the move, and have it validated as a residency permit within three months of arriving.

Often visas are linked to work or study, so people who want to move to Italy, live off savings for a while or set up their own business could find themselves being rejected for residency.

Any exceptions?

Once the UK leaves the EU, British people will cease to be EU citizens, with all the rights that go with that.

However there are a couple of ways that British people could still benefit from EU rules. One of these is to become the citizen of an EU country.

Thousands have applied for Italian citizenship, while others have moved to safeguard their EU citizenship by applying for Irish or another EU nationality. Both these routes come with conditions, of course.

The other is to apply as a family member of an EU citizen, for example if you are married or are a dependent child – you can 'piggy back' on their rights. However this is still more complicated than travelling under freedom of movement, and you would still need to apply for residency within 90 days of arriving in the country.

Check out The Local's Brexit section for more details and updates. And if you have questions, please send them to us here and we will do our best to answer them.

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BREXIT

‘It’s their loss’: Italian universities left off UK special study visa list

The UK is missing out by barring highly skilled Italian graduates from accessing a new work visa, Italy's Universities Minister said on Wednesday.

'It's their loss': Italian universities left off UK special study visa list

Universities and Research Minister Cristina Messa said she was disappointed by the UK’s decision not to allow any graduates of Italian universities access to its ‘High Potential Individual’ work permit.

“They’re losing a big slice of good graduates, who would provide as many high skills…it’s their loss,” Messa said in an interview with news agency Ansa, adding that Italy would petition the UK government to alter its list to include Italian institutions.

Ranked: Italy’s best universities and how they compare worldwide

“It’s a system that Britain obviously as a sovereign state can choose to implement, but we as a government can ask (them) to revise the university rankings,” she said.

The High Potential Individual visa, which launches on May 30th, is designed to bring highly skilled workers from the world’s top universities to the UK in order to compensate for its Brexit-induced labour shortage.

Successful applicants do not require a job offer to be allowed into the country but can apply for one after arriving, meaning potential employers won’t have to pay sponsorship fees.

Students sit on the steps of Roma Tre University in Rome.

Students sit on the steps of Roma Tre University in Rome. Photo by TIZIANA FABI / AFP.

The visa is valid for two years for those with bachelor’s and master’s degrees and three years for PhD holders, with the possibility of moving into “other long-term employment routes” that will allow the individual to remain in the country long-term.

READ ALSO: Eight things you should know if you’re planning to study in Italy

Italy isn’t the only European country to have been snubbed by the list, which features a total of 37 global universities for the 2021 graduation year (the scheme is open to students who have graduated in the past five years, with a different list for each graduation year since 2016).

The Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, EPFL Switzerland, Paris Sciences et Lettres, the University of Munich, and Sweden’s Karolinska Institute are the sole European inclusions in the document, which mainly privileges US universities.

Produced by the UK’s Education Ministry, the list is reportedly based on three global rankings: Times Higher Education World University Rankings, the Quacquarelli Symonds World University Rankings, and The Academic Ranking of World Universities.

Messa said she will request that the UK consider using ‘more up-to-date indicators’, without specifying which alternative system she had in mind.

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