MAP: Which zone is your region in under Italy’s tier system?

A tiered system divides Italian regions into red, orange, yellow and white zones depending on coronavirus risk. Find the latest classification here.

MAP: Which zone is your region in under Italy’s tier system?
Photo: Miguel Medina/AFP

*Please note this article is no longer being updated. See the latest reports on the coronavirus situation in Italy here. For Italy’s new lockdown rules in each region, click here.*

Under Italy’s current emergency decree, a national tiered framework means some Covid-19 rules differ based on where you are in Italy.

Regions are divided into red, orange, yellow and white zones, under a system based on how severe the coronavirus situation is locally. 

People in the highest-risk red zones are told to stay within their town, and are only allowed to leave for work, study, health or other urgent reasons.

The regional rules first came into effect on November 6th, and the classification is now revised weekly on Fridays based on the latest health data. 

Under the latest emergency decree, the government stated that the changes will come into effect on Mondays, rather than Sundays as has been the case previously. 

READ ALSO: Regional restrictions to continue as Italian PM signs new emergency decree

On Friday March 5th Italy’s health minister signed the latest ordinance moving two more regions into the orange zone and one into the red zone.

This means that from Monday, March 8th, Italy’s regions are classified as follows:

  • Yellow zones:Calabria, Lazio, Liguria, Puglia, Sicily, Valle d’Aosta
  • Orange zones: Abruzzo, Emilia Romagna, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Lombardy, Marche, Piedmont, Tuscany, Autonomous province of Bolzano, Autonomous province of Trento, Umbria, Veneto
  • Red zones: Basilicata, Campania, Molise (Local lockdowns are also in place in some towns and provinces.)
  • White zones: Sardinia
See below for more details of the restrictions in each area.

Note that in addition to the regional classifications, many towns and provinces have declared their own additional restrictions. See the current list here.

What are the rules?
Here’s an overview of the main rules in each zone, according to the Italian health ministry.
White zones
Regions classified under this band are exempt from most restrictions in other zones, including the 10pm curfew and 6pm closing time for bars and restaurants.
However, the final set of rules in place in each region varies depending on the local authority.
In Sardinia’s case, the regional governor signed an ordinance stating that the evening curfew has been moved back to 11.30pm, and that restaurants must close at 11pm instead of 6pm. Bars must close at 9pm.
Health Minister Roberto Speranza stressed that those living in white zones would need to continue “respecting all social distancing measures”.
Yellow zones:
Residents can circulate freely in their own region, including between towns, but may not leave the region except for work, health, emergencies or other essential reasons.
A nightly curfew applies from 10pm to 5am; you should only leave the house during these hours for essential reasons. Police can stop you and ask you to fill in a self-declaration form.
Bars, cafes, restaurants and all other food businesses are open and can serve customers on the premises until 6pm
All shops are open, though malls and outlet centres must close at weekends. 
Museums can open.
From March 27th, cinemas and theatres can reopen.
Nightclubs, bingo halls and casinos remain closed.
Gyms and pools remain closed.
Schools can conduct up to 75 percent of lessons in person, with the rest taking place remotely.
Orange zones:

According to the Italian health ministry, people in orange zones are not allowed to travel from one municipality (town) to another, unless for essential reasons, by either public or private transport.

Bars, cafes, restaurants, pastry shops and other food businesses are closed.

Home delivery is still allowed, and takeaway is permitted until curfew at 10pm.

Museums and art galleries are closed.

All shops can remain open.

Hairdressers and beauticians can remain open.

Visits to the homes of family and friends outside your municipality are not allowed.

You can leave your municipality to visit your second home.

Red zones:

In red zones, all the orange zone rules apply, plus:

In addition to not being allowed to travel from one municipality to another, people in red zones are not allowed to move around within their own area unless for essential reasons, by either public or private transport.

You can only enter or leave an orange or red zone for the same urgent reasons.

All schools in red zones are closed.

Shops are to close except for those deemed essential, which include supermarkets and other food shops, tabacchi, and pharmacies.

Hairdressers and beauticians are closed.

Visits to relatives and friends are not allowed, even within your own municipality,

Travel to second homes is also prohibited in red zones.

All team sports activities are suspended (solo exercise such as running or walking is allowed.)

How are the rules decided?
Italy’s Health Ministry decides which region is in which zone based on the advice of its Technical Scientific Committee (CTS), effectively bypassing regional authorities – many of which have said they were against a local lockdown or other tough measures.
The CTS takes 21 indicators into account, including each region’s Rt number (which shows the transmission rate) as well as factors like hospital bed capacity and whether local health authorities are able to successfully trace the source of outbreaks.
Note: Local restrictions can vary, and are subject to change. Here’s where to find the latest updates from your local authority.
Please note The Local is not able to advise on specific situations.  For more information please see the Italian Health Ministry’s website (in English).

Member comments

  1. We have been in Piemonte since early October but need to return to the UK soon. We shall be driving in our own vehicle through France. Apart from complying with entry requirements for France and the UK are we permitted to leave Piemonte/Italy and, if so, are there any additional requirements with which we must comply in undertaking this journey? All the guidance seems only to talk about entering, not leaving, Italy. Thanks. Gerry

  2. The article about “auto dichiarazione” doesn’t mention day-time travel in the red zone. It does seem, from the text of this article, that such a declaration IS required for day-time travel. Could you clarify this, please?

  3. Gerry, there is some guidance in Italian here:
    If it is up to date then there is no restriction on your leaving Piemonte to return to your main residence in the UK. I would take the precaution though of filling in the declaration, checking the third radio button “altri motivi ..” and completing it with “rientro a domicilio nel Regno Unito”.

  4. The Local needs to do some basic proof reading so as not to dangerously mislead it’s readers. Both as to their health and advice as to not breaking the law. The map says Marche is orange whereas the list on the same, updated, page says it is yellow.

  5. Hello Stephen, both the map and the list is correct – there may be some disparity shortly after announcements are made while we are updating the page. Please bear with us as we work at all hours to keep up with these announcements.

  6. Can we update this for the changes on 6 December? It’ll be great seeing the majority of the map in yellow once more. Perhaps the aim of a yellow Christmas is within reach (of course whatever zone you’re in doesn’t change the Christmas lockdown but it would be great going into 2021 with low infections).

  7. Hi! Can I travel through the regions to get to my home which I have owned for 18 years, despite not having residency? We will be in our own car driving from Mont Blanc tunnel to Lucca in 8 hours with a negative Covid test.

  8. From my understanding this is allowed, but you will have to respect the rules of the zone at the time (orange currently), just in case you’re stopped by the police make sure you have the proof of your covid test.

    As Lucca is currently in the orange zone you won’t be able to travel to neighbouring towns without good reason and you wouldn’t be able to stop off in towns in the yellow zone on the way back to France.

    You must also avoid travelling into Italy between 21 Dec and 6 Jan otherwise you will have to quarantine 14 days even if you have a test.

  9. I just subscribed a few weeks ago, hoping this would be a reliable source of information, especially regarding necessary COVID information. It is disappointing to see errors on this site regarding these matters, such as in the article above, where the map shows (and calls out) Marche as being a Yellow Zone. But then the text of the article states that Marche is in an Orange Zone. There is no excuse for this carelessness. Does anyone edit the articles?

  10. The update on 31 Jan does not give the list of rules that apply to the majority of the country: the yellow zones.
    A serious oversight, but not uncommon for ‘The Local’. I agree with the immediate previous comment. This news feed is often amateurish, slapdash and unreliable.
    Buck up your ideas. People are relying on you.

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For members


What will a right-wing election victory mean for abortion rights in Italy?

The right-wing parties poised to win Italy’s upcoming general elections have a history of denouncing abortion. Could a new conservative government threaten reproductive rights in Italy?

What will a right-wing election victory mean for abortion rights in Italy?

When Italians go to the polls on September 25th, a coalition of three right-wing parties – Giorgia Meloni’s Brothers of Italy, Matteo Salvini’s League and Forza Italia, led by former premier Silvio Berlusconi – are widely expected to win the vote and secure the opportunity to form Italy’s next government.

READ ALSO: Your ultimate guide to Italy’s crucial elections on Sunday

With all three parties to the right of centre – by quite some way, in the case of Brothers of Italy and the League – activists are concerned about what Italy’s most socially conservative government in years could mean for women seeking to access abortions, as they have had the legal right to do here for over four decades.

Here’s what Italian law says about abortion, what the right-wing alliance has promised it will – or won’t – change, and what all this could mean for people in need of abortion care in Italy.

What is Italy’s law on abortion now?

Abortion – formally referred to in Italian as interruzione volontaria di gravidanza or IVG, ‘voluntary termination of pregnancy’ – has been legal in Italy since 1978.

Passed after years of protests and several other failed bills, Legge 194 (‘Law 194’) decriminalized the procedure and entitled women to request it for any reasons of physical or mental health within the first 90 days after conception.

Women can continue to seek an abortion after 90 days if a significant foetal abnormality is present, or if continuing the pregnancy would endanger the woman’s life.

READ ALSO: The long road to legal abortion in Italy

The procedure is offered free of charge to those who qualify for public healthcare in Italy.

To access it, women first must consult a doctor and discuss options “to help her to overcome the factors which would lead her to have her pregnancy terminated”.

If the patient continues to affirm her original choice, she will be issued a certificate either stating that the termination is urgent and can be carried out immediately, or, if it is not deemed urgent, that she can seek the procedure after a obligatory seven-day wait.

Campaigners in front of a banner reading ‘Don’t touch law 194’. Photo by FABRIZIO VILLA / AFP

In reality, the wait for an appointment is likely to be far longer. Law 194 also affirms the right of health workers to refuse to carry out abortions on the grounds of “conscientious objection”. 

This has translated into serious gaps in coverage across Italy, with some facilities staffed mostly or even entirely by personnel who decline to deliver abortion services.  

READ ALSO: Why abortions in Italy are still hard to access – despite being legal

In fact, a majority of gynaecologists in Italy – 64.6 percent, according to 2020 figures from the Ministry of Health – are registered objectors, as well as 44.6 percent of anaesthesiologists and 36.2 percent of non-medical staff at health facilities. 

In several parts of the country, including the regions of Sicily, Basilicata, Abruzzo, Molise and the province of Bolzano, the percentage of gynaecologists refusing to perform abortions is over 80 percent.

These doctors are probably out of step with public opinion in Italy. A 1981 referendum gave voters the opportunity to reject the new abortion law; 68 percent of them voted to keep it. 

More recently, an Ipsos poll conducted earlier this year found that 73 percent of people surveyed in Italy said abortion should be legal in all or most cases.

What election promises has Italy’s right-wing alliance made about abortion?

No doubt sensing the lack of appetite for a full-scale repeal of Italy’s abortion law, the right-wing coalition has made clear that that’s not on its agenda. 

Abortion doesn’t get a single mention in the joint platform put forward by the Brothers of Italy, League and Forza Italia. 

Law 194 does appear in the Brothers of Italy programme, which promises “full application” of the legislation, “starting with prevention” of abortion.

To this end, it pledges the allocation of funds to support single and economically disadvantaged women to carry pregnancies to term, a proposal echoed by the League and presented by both parties as part of a broader drive to reverse Italy’s plummeting birth rate.

The League’s platform also calls for implementation of Law 194’s provisions on the “effective promotion of life”, including by involving non-profit groups – presumably Catholic and other pro-life ones – in pre-abortion counselling.

Forza Italia, historically the most centrist of the three, hasn’t broached the subject at all. 

READ ALSO: Salvini vs Meloni: Can Italy’s far-right rivals put differences aside?

Both Meloni and Salvini have faced questions on the campaign trail about their position on abortion, given previous comments calling abortion “a defeat for society” (Meloni), loudly professed Catholicism (Salvini) and support for European allies who have restricted access to abortion, such as Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban (both). 

“Law 194 isn’t to be touched,” Salvini told reporters this week. “The last thing Italy needs is a country divided and arguing over the laws in place – which can be improved and updated, but certainly not scrapped.”

Meloni, meanwhile, told a recent interviewer that “I never said I want to modify Law 194, but that I want to apply it”. That includes supporting women who feel obliged to abort for economic or practical reasons, she said – as well as supporting health workers who refuse to provide the procedure. 

Why are activists worried a new right-wing government could threaten abortion rights in Italy?

The problem is that Law 194 perhaps does need an overhaul if it is to guarantee access to safe, legal abortions across Italy. 

Those who support women’s right to choose have long complained that the 44-year-old law – whose primary objective, the Italian Health Ministry’s website states, “is the social protection of motherhood and the prevention of abortion” – is not fit for purpose.

A demonstrator holds a sign reading ‘free to choose’ at a rally in defence of Italy’s abortion law. Photo by FABRIZIO VILLA / AFP

Law 194 “does not establish in a strong sense women’s right to choice and self-determination: it establishes when access to it is permitted and granted,” Chiara Lalli, a writer and academic with a focus on abortion, told Il Post

The multiple doctor visits, mandatory counselling session and seven-day “reflection” period are attempts to interfere with women’s decisions, activists say. 

READ ALSO: ‘Ugly act’: Outrage in Italy over discovery of foetus graves marked with women’s names

Separately, watchdogs including the United Nations Human Rights Committee, Human Rights Watch and the Council of Europe’s committee of social rights have flagged the high rates of conscientious objectors as a persistent barrier to abortion access in Italy.

While authorities are supposed to ensure that women can access terminations and that objecting doctors can’t refuse care beyond the procedure itself, with no mechanisms to enforce these requirements specified in the existing law, in practice women report facing long delays or being denied assistance altogether. 

In the past, both Brothers and Italy and the League have resisted attempts to help the problem, such as by recruiting specifically non-objecting doctors.

While these problems are longstanding, there have been attempts in recent years to put more obstacles between women and abortions – mainly from regional or municipal politicians, who tend to be more explicit in their opposition than those on the national stage.

Many of these have come from members of the three main right-wing parties, which together have governed 14 of Italy’s 20 regions for the past two years.

And with each region largely in charge of managing its own public health service, regional governments have the power to make decisions that significantly affect how and where women can access abortions.

In Le Marche, headed by the Brothers of Italy, the regional government refused to implement 2020 national guidelines from the Ministry of Health that would have extended the window for medical abortions from seven to nine weeks and made it possible for women to obtain abortion pills in outpatient clinics and family planning centres instead of going into hospital. 

Abruzzo, whose council is also led by Brothers of Italy, as well as Piedmont and Umbria, two regions governed by the League, resisted the change too.

Priests join an anti-abortion demonstration on May 21st 2022 in central Rome. The placard reads “Human Rights are born in the womb”. Photo by Alberto PIZZOLI / AFP

Piedmont has further allowed anti-abortion groups to set up stands in public hospitals, and councillors have proposed funnelling public funds to groups that would pay women not to abort

The League-run council in Verona declared it a “pro-life city” and called for funding for anti-abortion projects to be written into the town budget, as well as authorizing anti-abortion groups to display promotional material in council buildings. 

In the wider region of Veneto, such groups are allowed to offer family counselling services alongside those providing neutral information – a move the League’s manifesto suggests extending when it talks about involving non-profits in “the promotion of life”. 

To those who support abortion, it all starts to look like a pattern. “As soon as a right-wing council takes charge, it seems like these issues are at the top of the agenda,” Beatrice Brignone, head of the small left-wing party Possibile, told L’Espresso back in 2020.

READ ALSO: Why an Italian woman was forced to go to 23 hospitals to have an abortion

With threats to abortion access in Italy emerging locally and unchecked at national level, some activists say they would in fact welcome putting Law 194 up for debate under the next government.

“As much to better implement it as to make the necessary modifications … it is time to begin an informed discussion on abortion and free ourselves from the prejudice that the law is untouchable,” comments the Luca Coscioni Association, which advocates for freedom of scientific research and backs abortion rights.

Meloni and her allies have already made clear that such a discussion will not be among their priorities if they win this weekend. 

What do other parties say about abortion?

Abortion isn’t an issue for either the centrists Italia Viva or Azione, nor for the populist Five Star Movement.

The centre-left Democratic Party promises the full application of Law 194 throughout the country, without going into further details.

The only concrete proposals come from much smaller parties on the left: Possibile proposes establishing a quota of at least 60 percent of non-objecting staff in each health facility, as well as tracking the service provided by each region and punishing those who fail to meet minimum standards. 

The Greens and Left Alliance wants to change recruitment rules to hire more non-objecting medical staff, while +Europa suggests partnering with private clinics to expand access and making medical abortion more widely available as an outpatient procedure.