MAP: Which zone is your region in under Italy’s tier system?

A tiered system divides Italian regions into red, orange, yellow and white zones depending on coronavirus risk. Find the latest classification here.

MAP: Which zone is your region in under Italy’s tier system?
Photo: Miguel Medina/AFP

*Please note this article is no longer being updated. See the latest reports on the coronavirus situation in Italy here. For Italy’s new lockdown rules in each region, click here.*

Under Italy’s current emergency decree, a national tiered framework means some Covid-19 rules differ based on where you are in Italy.

Regions are divided into red, orange, yellow and white zones, under a system based on how severe the coronavirus situation is locally. 

People in the highest-risk red zones are told to stay within their town, and are only allowed to leave for work, study, health or other urgent reasons.

The regional rules first came into effect on November 6th, and the classification is now revised weekly on Fridays based on the latest health data. 

Under the latest emergency decree, the government stated that the changes will come into effect on Mondays, rather than Sundays as has been the case previously. 

READ ALSO: Regional restrictions to continue as Italian PM signs new emergency decree

On Friday March 5th Italy’s health minister signed the latest ordinance moving two more regions into the orange zone and one into the red zone.

This means that from Monday, March 8th, Italy’s regions are classified as follows:

  • Yellow zones:Calabria, Lazio, Liguria, Puglia, Sicily, Valle d’Aosta
  • Orange zones: Abruzzo, Emilia Romagna, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Lombardy, Marche, Piedmont, Tuscany, Autonomous province of Bolzano, Autonomous province of Trento, Umbria, Veneto
  • Red zones: Basilicata, Campania, Molise (Local lockdowns are also in place in some towns and provinces.)
  • White zones: Sardinia
See below for more details of the restrictions in each area.

Note that in addition to the regional classifications, many towns and provinces have declared their own additional restrictions. See the current list here.

What are the rules?
Here’s an overview of the main rules in each zone, according to the Italian health ministry.
White zones
Regions classified under this band are exempt from most restrictions in other zones, including the 10pm curfew and 6pm closing time for bars and restaurants.
However, the final set of rules in place in each region varies depending on the local authority.
In Sardinia’s case, the regional governor signed an ordinance stating that the evening curfew has been moved back to 11.30pm, and that restaurants must close at 11pm instead of 6pm. Bars must close at 9pm.
Health Minister Roberto Speranza stressed that those living in white zones would need to continue “respecting all social distancing measures”.
Yellow zones:
Residents can circulate freely in their own region, including between towns, but may not leave the region except for work, health, emergencies or other essential reasons.
A nightly curfew applies from 10pm to 5am; you should only leave the house during these hours for essential reasons. Police can stop you and ask you to fill in a self-declaration form.
Bars, cafes, restaurants and all other food businesses are open and can serve customers on the premises until 6pm
All shops are open, though malls and outlet centres must close at weekends. 
Museums can open.
From March 27th, cinemas and theatres can reopen.
Nightclubs, bingo halls and casinos remain closed.
Gyms and pools remain closed.
Schools can conduct up to 75 percent of lessons in person, with the rest taking place remotely.
Orange zones:

According to the Italian health ministry, people in orange zones are not allowed to travel from one municipality (town) to another, unless for essential reasons, by either public or private transport.

Bars, cafes, restaurants, pastry shops and other food businesses are closed.

Home delivery is still allowed, and takeaway is permitted until curfew at 10pm.

Museums and art galleries are closed.

All shops can remain open.

Hairdressers and beauticians can remain open.

Visits to the homes of family and friends outside your municipality are not allowed.

You can leave your municipality to visit your second home.

Red zones:

In red zones, all the orange zone rules apply, plus:

In addition to not being allowed to travel from one municipality to another, people in red zones are not allowed to move around within their own area unless for essential reasons, by either public or private transport.

You can only enter or leave an orange or red zone for the same urgent reasons.

All schools in red zones are closed.

Shops are to close except for those deemed essential, which include supermarkets and other food shops, tabacchi, and pharmacies.

Hairdressers and beauticians are closed.

Visits to relatives and friends are not allowed, even within your own municipality,

Travel to second homes is also prohibited in red zones.

All team sports activities are suspended (solo exercise such as running or walking is allowed.)

How are the rules decided?
Italy’s Health Ministry decides which region is in which zone based on the advice of its Technical Scientific Committee (CTS), effectively bypassing regional authorities – many of which have said they were against a local lockdown or other tough measures.
The CTS takes 21 indicators into account, including each region’s Rt number (which shows the transmission rate) as well as factors like hospital bed capacity and whether local health authorities are able to successfully trace the source of outbreaks.
Note: Local restrictions can vary, and are subject to change. Here’s where to find the latest updates from your local authority.
Please note The Local is not able to advise on specific situations.  For more information please see the Italian Health Ministry’s website (in English).

Member comments

  1. We have been in Piemonte since early October but need to return to the UK soon. We shall be driving in our own vehicle through France. Apart from complying with entry requirements for France and the UK are we permitted to leave Piemonte/Italy and, if so, are there any additional requirements with which we must comply in undertaking this journey? All the guidance seems only to talk about entering, not leaving, Italy. Thanks. Gerry

  2. The article about “auto dichiarazione” doesn’t mention day-time travel in the red zone. It does seem, from the text of this article, that such a declaration IS required for day-time travel. Could you clarify this, please?

  3. Gerry, there is some guidance in Italian here:
    If it is up to date then there is no restriction on your leaving Piemonte to return to your main residence in the UK. I would take the precaution though of filling in the declaration, checking the third radio button “altri motivi ..” and completing it with “rientro a domicilio nel Regno Unito”.

  4. The Local needs to do some basic proof reading so as not to dangerously mislead it’s readers. Both as to their health and advice as to not breaking the law. The map says Marche is orange whereas the list on the same, updated, page says it is yellow.

  5. Hello Stephen, both the map and the list is correct – there may be some disparity shortly after announcements are made while we are updating the page. Please bear with us as we work at all hours to keep up with these announcements.

  6. Can we update this for the changes on 6 December? It’ll be great seeing the majority of the map in yellow once more. Perhaps the aim of a yellow Christmas is within reach (of course whatever zone you’re in doesn’t change the Christmas lockdown but it would be great going into 2021 with low infections).

  7. Hi! Can I travel through the regions to get to my home which I have owned for 18 years, despite not having residency? We will be in our own car driving from Mont Blanc tunnel to Lucca in 8 hours with a negative Covid test.

  8. From my understanding this is allowed, but you will have to respect the rules of the zone at the time (orange currently), just in case you’re stopped by the police make sure you have the proof of your covid test.

    As Lucca is currently in the orange zone you won’t be able to travel to neighbouring towns without good reason and you wouldn’t be able to stop off in towns in the yellow zone on the way back to France.

    You must also avoid travelling into Italy between 21 Dec and 6 Jan otherwise you will have to quarantine 14 days even if you have a test.

  9. I just subscribed a few weeks ago, hoping this would be a reliable source of information, especially regarding necessary COVID information. It is disappointing to see errors on this site regarding these matters, such as in the article above, where the map shows (and calls out) Marche as being a Yellow Zone. But then the text of the article states that Marche is in an Orange Zone. There is no excuse for this carelessness. Does anyone edit the articles?

  10. The update on 31 Jan does not give the list of rules that apply to the majority of the country: the yellow zones.
    A serious oversight, but not uncommon for ‘The Local’. I agree with the immediate previous comment. This news feed is often amateurish, slapdash and unreliable.
    Buck up your ideas. People are relying on you.

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Q&A: What you need to know about Italy’s West Nile virus outbreak

As Italy records a surge in cases of West Nile fever, we look at what the disease is and where in the country it's spreading.

Q&A: What you need to know about Italy's West Nile virus outbreak

Mosquitos are unfortunately one downside of summer in Italy. But as well as being a nuisance, they may also pose a health risk in the country – one of the few in Europe to record cases of West Nile virus (WNV)

READ ALSO: Cases of West Nile fever surge in northern Italy

Last week Italy recorded 50 more cases of the mosquito-borne virus, bringing the total number of infections to 144 according to the latest report from Italy’s Higher Health Institute (ISS).

This marked a 53-percent increase in cases against the previous week, while ten people have died so far.

As the number of infections continues to rise, here are the answers to the most pressing questions about the disease and the outbreak in Italy.

What is it?

The West Nile Virus (WNV) is a single-stranded RNA virus that can cause West Nile fever in humans.

It’s a member of the Flavivirus family together with other endemic viruses such as the Zika and Dengue viruses.

The virus was first identified in 1937 in Uganda’s West Nile district but has since spread to many other parts of the world, to the point that it is now considered indigenous to Africa, the Middle East, Asia and Australia. 

Carried by birds, West Nile virus is transmitted to humans by mosquitoes.

The West Nile virus is primarily transmitted by mosquitoes of the Culex species, which infect humans and other mammals through their bite, according to Italy’s health ministry.

There is no evidence that human-to-human transmission is possible.

Where are cases being reported in Italy?

Infections have been largely concentrated in the north of the country, especially in the Veneto region, where six people have now died of the disease. Other deaths were recorded in Lombardy, Piedmont and Emilia-Romagna.

The city of Padua, which is located in Veneto’s mainland, around 35 kilometres away from the Adriatic coast, is currently regarded as the hotspot of the virus. 

It isn’t yet clear why Veneto has been the worst-hit region so far, but experts fear that its marshy lowlands might be the perfect breeding ground for disease-carrying mosquitoes. 

A mosquito of the Culex species viewed under a microscope.

Mosquitoes of the Culex species, a specimen of which is pictured above, are responsible for transmitting the West Nile Virus to humans and other mammals. Photo by Jon CHERRY Getty Images / AFP

How severe is the outbreak in Italy?

West Nile virus is not new to Italy. However, this summer has brought the highest number of cases recorded yet.

National infection levels remain relatively low but the country has by far the largest number of cases in Europe.

According to the most recent report from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), dated August 3rd, 94 out of 120 recorded cases were in Italy.

Greece had 23 reported cases. Romania and Slovakia had two and one respectively. 

Italy is the only European country that has reported fatalities.

What are the symptoms?

According to the Italian Higher Health Institute (ISS), around 80 percent of infected people show no symptoms whatsoever.

In symptomatic cases, however, symptoms generally resemble those of a common flu and include fever, headaches, nausea and diarrhoea. 

The infection is usually only dangerous for people with weakened immune systems such as the elderly, and the most severe symptoms occur in fewer than one percent of infected people.

In healthy people, the virus is unlikely to cause more than a headache or sore throat, and symptoms generally last only a few days.

According to the data currently available, around one in 150 infected people can show symptoms as serious as partial vision loss, convulsions and paralysis. 

In very rare cases (around 0.1 percent, or one in 1000) the disease can cause brain infections (encephalitis or meningitis) which may eventually be fatal.

Brazilian biologists handle mosquito larvae.

There is currently no vaccine against West Nile disease, though several are being tested. Photo by Apu GOMES / AFP

Is there a cure?

There is no vaccine against West Nile fever. “Currently vaccines are being studied, but for the moment prevention consists mainly in reducing exposure to mosquito bites,” the ISS states.

There is also no specific treatment for the disease caused by the virus.

Patients showing the more serious symptoms are usually admitted to hospital and treated with IV fluids and assisted ventilation.

What should you do to protect yourself?

Seeing as there is currently no vaccine against the virus, the best way to protect oneself is by reducing exposure to mosquitoes as much as possible.

Italian health authorities have listed a number of official recommendations to help residents avoid mosquito bites. These include: 

  • Use repellent
  • Wear long-sleeved shirts and long trousers when being outdoors and especially during ​​mosquitoes’ peak activity times, i.e. sunrise and sunset
  • Use mosquito nets on your windows or sleep in rooms with air-conditioning and keep the windows closed
  • Make sure there are no pools of stagnant water around your house

See more information about West Nile virus in Italy on the health ministry’s website.