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What changes about life in Italy in February 2021?

It may feel like Groundhog Day every day lately, but some things will change in Italy this month. Here are the details.

What changes about life in Italy in February 2021?
Photo: AFP

From coronavirus measures to online bureaucracy, here's an overview of the expected changes for February.

Coronavirus zone changes

Everyday life has already changed for many people in Italy this week. From February 1st, the coronavirus restrictions were eased in most Italian regions.

From Monday, 15 regions are ‘yellow zones’, allowing the daytime reopening of bars and restaurants, and greater freedom to travel within the region.

Museums can also reopen Monday-Friday in yellow zones.

READ ALSO: 'No tourist pressure': Rome's biggest attractions reopen without the crowds

However, many other measures stay in place. For more details on the rule changes, click here.

Very little has changed however for people in the remaining regions – Puglia, Sardinia, Sicily, Umbria, and the autonomous province of Bolzano – which are designated orange zones until at least next week.

The zone restrictions are up for review every week based on the latest health data, and the next set of changes are due to be announced on Friday.

Stay tuned to the Local’s coronavirus news for the latest updates from Italy. 


Rome's Colosseum has reopened from Monday to Friday as the Lazio region has been declared a 'yellow zone'. Photo: AFP


Will the regional travel ban be lifted?

Italy currently has a ban in place on non-essential travel between all regions, regardless of zone colour.

Travel between regions is currently only allowed for urgent reasons, such as for work, health, or to return home.

This rule is set to be revised on February 15th. There has been no indication yet as to whether it will be extended, but any changes will depend on the contagion rate.

Ski slopes are also closed in Italy until at least February 15th.

Italy’s coronavirus measures overall, under the current emergency decree, are set to stay the same throughout this month.

The next emergency decree is due on March 5th.

Vaccines for over-80s


Many regions of Italy plan to start offering the Covid-19 vaccine to those in the over-80s age caegory during February.


Italy passed the two-million vaccines mark on Tuesday and you can take a closer look at vaccination progress by region here.


After a promising start to the programme, progress has been slowed down by a delay in the supply of vaccines from Pfizer.


As a result, the Italian government has had to revise its vaccination plan, saying some groups will face a “six-to-eight week” delay in receiving the vaccine. However, the details of vaccination schedules vary by regional health authority.


The national vaccination programme is still in phase one, during which more than six million people are to be vaccinated.

Italy is prioritising health workers, elderly care home residents and staff, and over-80s.


After that, the shot will become available to other groups under “phase two”, though it is not yet clear when that could start. See further details of Italy's vaccine plan here.


Government crisis


Amid the ongoing pandemic and economic problems, Italy is currently without a prime minister. The government remains in place in a caretaker capacity – meaning no big decisions can be made.

At the moment, Italy has a potential new prime minister – economist Mario Draghi – but everything still depends on wheather or not he can get enough political support to form a government.

While Italian politics is famously unpredictable, we can expect the current political crisis to rumble on for a little while longer yet.

You can follow The Local's latest updates on Italy's political situation here.

Changes to online bureaucracy

The way you access Italian public services will change from the end of this month.

Back in July, Italy published its “simplification decree”. This set of laws is aimed at streamlining some of Italy’s famously archaic bureaucratic processes and making certain services easier to access digitally.

Some measures included in that decree come into force on February 28th. 

Firstly, you’ll need a SPID or electronic identity card (carta di identità elettronica – CIE) to access all online public services


By February 28th, all official services must be accessible using either the SPID or the CIE.

These two electronic ID systems are set to replace varous other login credentials, all of which will remain valid until expiry – no later than September 30th, 2021.

From the 28th, all digital services are also supposed to move to the government’s IO app, which is what you’ll need to use if you want to access public services from your smartphone.

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For members


TEST: Is your Italian good enough for citizenship?

To become an Italian citizen, you may need to prove your language skills. Do yours make the grade?

TEST: Is your Italian good enough for citizenship?

From being able to confidently order a gelato to total fluency, there’s a huge variation in the levels of Italian attained by foreigners in Italy.

But there are certain bureaucratic processes that require formal qualifications. When applying for Italian citizenship through marriage or residence (but not via ancestry), you must prove proficiency in the Italian language at B1 level or higher.

READ ALSO: What you need to know about Italy’s language test for citizenship

In most cases, getting a carta di soggiorno residency permit has no formal language requirement, though some non-EU nationals may need to sit a language test at the lower A2 level. Read more about that here.

This article relates solely to language ability for obtaining citizenship; the application process has several other requirements depending on which route you take. Read more about this here.

So what does B1 mean?

A B1 level certification is a ‘lower intermediate’ level and means you are proficient enough in the language to manage everyday interactions, according to the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFRL).

This level of proficiency allows you to “communicate in most situations that arise while travelling” and to understand topics “regularly encountered in work, school, leisure, etc.”

So there’s no need to write with perfect grammar, have an extensive vocabulary, or be able to recite Dante’s Inferno in the original language – but people at this level should be able to make themselves understood in most everyday situations.

It should also be enough to follow most conversations and TV shows or get the gist of what’s in Italian newspapers.

If you’ve lived in Italy for a while, there’s a good chance you’re already at this level or close to it. After all, a decent grasp of Italian really is necessary for everyday life in the country outside of the main city centres and tourist hotspots.

If not, it might be time to sign up for Italian language classes – if you haven’t already. 

If you want to check, there are numerous Italian language level tests available online, such as this one.

What does the B1 language test involve?

The exact structure of the test varies between the four administered by educational institutions approved by the Italian Education Ministry or Foreign Ministry.

They are: The University of Siena for Foreigners (CILS); The University of Perugia for Foreigners (CELI); The Dante Alighieri Association (PLIDA); and The University of Rome 3 (CERT)

These tests can be taken at language schools around Italy and abroad. If your language school advertises B1 testing for citizenship, make sure they are accredited by one of the above institutions.

The structure of the test also differs depending on whether you’re taking the B1 cittadinanza exam or a regular B1 level Italian language certification.

READ ALSO: 12 signs you’ve cracked the Italian language

Could you pass an Italian language test at B1 level? Photo by Green Chameleon on Unsplash

Both tests involve answering similar questions at the same level, but the B1 cittadinanza is essentially a shorter version which costs less to take. The downside is this certificate can only be used for your citizenship application and not for other purposes, such as for university applications.

And though it’s shorter, it may not actually be easier to pass; if you fail on one section you will have to retake the entire test (as opposed to just retaking that section under the standard B1 level tests listed above.)

If you’re fairly confident of passing and don’t need it for anything else, it may be the more convenient option.

In any case, the test will involve at least four sections; a written test, reading tests, listening test and an oral test where you have a conversation with an examiner.


For this section you will have to listen to two recordings; one of a conversation, and another of a short monologue.

The format varies and each section will be played at least twice.

Here is a sample question from a past paper, after the candidates had listened to a short clip of someone talking about the southern region of Puglia – click here for the audio and transcription.

Ascolta il testo. Poi leggi le informazioni. Scegli le informazioni presenti nel testo (3 per testo).

A) Il programma radiofonico riguarda la cucina tradizionale italiana.
B) Gli ascoltatori partecipano a un quiz e possono vincere un viaggio.
C) La regione Puglia ha ricevuto un importante premio.
D) Questa estate in Puglia è diminuito il numero dei turisti.
E) In Puglia ci sono paesi tranquilli dove ci si può rilassare.
F) La Puglia offre un’ampia scelta di sistemazioni turistiche.

Reading and grammar

This section involves reading two pieces of text, testing your reading comprehension and grammatical knowledge.

Here are some sample questions from a past B1 paper, relating to a report about new public services from the regional government in Tuscany.

A) La Regione Toscana vuole migliorare i servizi online per i cittadini e i turisti.
B) Attraverso un numero verde i cittadini possono segnalare difficoltà, chiedere informazioni, dare consigli sui trasporti pubblici.
C) L’attivazione del numero verde ha lo scopo di limitare i danni ai viaggiatori nell’ambito del trasporto locale.
D) Il numero verde 800-570530 non è attivo il sabato e la domenica.
E) Se il numero verde riceve una telefonata di protesta su un servizio deve informare la ditta responsabile di quel servizio.

See the text and further questions here.


For the writing test, you’ll need to choose between two prompts and then write 80-120 words.

In this example, you’re asked to write to your landlord to tell them you’re moving out because you have problems with the neighbours.

You’re asked to explain the problem and ask what you need to do, and whether you need to pay rent for the next few months.

Hai dei problemi con i vicini e hai deciso di cambiare casa. Scrivi un messaggio al proprietario del tuo appartamento per chiedere cosa è necessario fare. Spiega perché vuoi trasferirti e chiedi se devi pagare l’affitto dei prossimi mesi.

Do you understand the prompt? Now you need to prove your ability to get the double letters and accents in the right place when writing.


The speaking section is in two parts.

The examiner will ask you to begin by introducing yourself and talking about your work, family or hobbies – the examiner will then ask you some questions about yourself.

It should be a discussion, with the examiner asking questions and giving other responses which you are expected to understand. This part will last 6-7 minutes.

Then you’ll be given a choice of several topics to talk about for 7-8 minutes. These topics can be almost anything; you won’t see exactly what they are in advance, but the examiner should give you some time to read through the options and may help you decide which one to choose.

Your answer should include certain grammar points and involve giving your opinion. Again, the examiner will prompt you with questions and it should become a discussion.

Some examples of topics you may be asked to talk about:

    • Preferisci vivere in città o in campagna? Quali sono i vantaggi e gli svantaggi?
    • Quali sono gli aspetti della cultura italiana che senti più lontani rispetto alla tua cultura?
    • L’assistenza sanitaria in Italia e nel tuo Paese: somiglianze e differenze.
    • Quali documenti ti servono per ottenere la cittadinanza italiana? Quali sono le procedure?


    • Do you prefer to live in the city or in the countryside? What are the advantages and disadvantages?
    • What are the aspects of Italian culture that you feel are most distant from your culture?
    • Healthcare in Italy and in your country: similarities and differences.
    • What documents do you need to obtain Italian citizenship? What are the procedures?

Could you keep a simple conversation going on these topics in Italian? Then you might be ready for the citizenship test. 

These sample questions are from the CILS B1 cittadinanza exam – see more details on the university’s website here. Exam questions will vary and the structure of exams from other institutions may differ.

READ ALSO: Which italian verb tenses are the most useful?

It usually costs €100 to sit the B1 cittadinanza exam, though some schools also add a default charge for a preparatory course.

Even if you already have a higher level of Italian, exam preparation courses could be useful as they explain the exam structure and likely content.

Find out more about taking the exam in a separate article here.

Speak to your local Questura or consulate, or see the Interior Ministry’s website (in Italian), for the latest information on the process and requirements when applying for citizenship.