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HEALTH

Coronavirus: Italian health minister urges caution as Delta variant fuels increase in new cases

Italian health authorities have reported a slight increase in new confirmed coronavirus infections this week, reversing a 15-week trend.

Coronavirus: Italian health minister urges caution as Delta variant fuels increase in new cases
Photo: Marco Bertorello/AFP

The infection rate is on the rise in Italy due to an increase in the spread of the Delta variant, according to a draft of the weekly coronavirus monitoring report from the health ministry and Higher Health Institute (ISS) published on Friday.

Data from the past week showed that the nation’s Rt number, which shows the rate of transmission, had risen slightly to 0.66 from 0.63 last week.

The incidence rate of cases per 100,000 inhabitants was also up from 9 to 11.

READ ALSO: Italian schools set to keep using masks and distancing from September

The report confirmed that a growing number of cases were being attributed to the Delta variant in Italy.

While European health authorities expect the more infectious strain to become “dominant” on the continent by the end of summer, at the moment in Italy it is estimated to account for around a third of cases.

Analysis of the data by Italy’s evidence-based medicines agency Gimbe showed that this was the first time the number of new cases had risen since it began falling in March.

“After 15 consecutive weeks of descent, there is an increase of 5% in new cases compared to the previous week. Testing activity, after 7 weeks of decline, shows an increase of 15.5%,” wrote Gimbe head Dr Nino Cartabellotta in the foundation’s report.

But he stressed that the amount of testing carried out was “too low” and said contact tracing in Italy was still “insufficient”, leading to “underestimation of new cases”.

The number of people hospitalised with Covid-19 and the number of deaths continues to fall across the country, the latest report confirmed.

While the number of new cases had risen overall in Italy, it was still falling in ten regions, the data showed.

Numbers had risen week-on-week in the regions of Abruzzo, Campania, Liguria, Lombardy, Marche, Sardinia, Sicily, Tuscany, Veneto, and the autonomous provinces of Trento and Bolzano.

Many European countries have reported a recent increase in new cases fuelled by the more infectious Delta variant, which was first detected in India.

However the European average infection rate currently remains far lower than that in the UK, where a new wave of contagions fuelled by the variant began in early June.

Italian health minister Roberto Speranza stressed on Thursday that “the pandemic is not over” and urged people to show “great prudence and caution, particularly due to variants.”

He said Italy’s health situation was “considerably better than what we have known in previous months, but we must keep our guard up”. 

READ ALSO: When do you still need to wear a mask in Italy?

Asked by reporters whether Italy would consider further lowering restrictions as the British government has promised to do as of July 19th, Speranza responded: “We’ve chosen the line of gradualness and of taking it step by step with great caution. And for us this line has borne fruit “

Most of Italy’s nationwide coronavirus measures have been relaxed since June 28th, when every region was declared a low-risk ‘white’ zone.

However, some rules still remain in place including those on social distancing as well as some restrictions on venue capacity and private parties. Masks must still be worn in all indoor public places and in crowded outdoor areas.

So far, Italy has fully vaccinated some 22 million people, or 41 percent of the population aged over 12, the official figures showed on Friday.

Italy continues to administer around half a million vaccine doses daily.

Member comments

  1. It is doing what all respiratory virus’s do. It mutants to be more contagious and less deadly. It is here to stay and we need to live with it. From pandemic to endemic

  2. It’s no longer about the number of cases, but the number of hospitalizations with serious complications. People have had enough of isolation, useless masks, restaurant restrictions. Look at some of the states in USA where they have never gone into strict lockdown and that abolished mask mandates months ago. Although the numbers of cases were high, their mortality rates were some of the lowest and, just as important, their economies did not tank. Bill C is spot-on.

  3. I don’t think the United States is an example of how to manage a public health crisis. The US system is a dysfunctional mess. There seems to be a lot of back seat drivers who want to tell the pilots how to fly their planes. I’ve been back and forth from the US to Italy 3 times during the past year. The airports in the United States are filthy and quarantine enforcement is non-existant. The only thing the US has done better is vaccinations, and that was achieved by paying a lot more money per dose than the EU, which caused shortages in Italy.Real medical research is done in a laboratory, not on a cell phone.

  4. I would like to thank The Local for helping me navigate all the temporary hurdles to traveling to Italy. We will be arriving in Lucca next week from Los Angeles followed by a week in Liguria. Planning has been a challenge this time around. I am grateful that for the past 2 months – – I have had The Local to wake up to. Y’all have been a big help! By the way, the genesis for this trip was an article I read about the Festa de la Mare in Levanto in 2019. We planned a trip around the festa in 2020. That was not to be. Does anyone have any idea whether a scaled down version of the festa will take place July 24-25? We are into pageantry, music, flag throwing and wine!

    Bradley Gold
    Los Angeles, California

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MONKEYPOX

Semen ‘a vehicle’ for monkeypox infection, say Italian health experts

Researchers in Italy who were first to identify the presence of monkeypox in semen are broadening their testing, saying early results suggest sperm can transmit infection.

Semen 'a vehicle' for monkeypox infection, say Italian health experts

A team at Rome’s Spallanzani Hospital, which specialises in infectious diseases, revealed in a study published on June 2nd that the virus DNA was detected in semen of three out of four men diagnosed with monkeypox.

They have since expanded their work, according to director Francesco Vaia, who said researchers have found the presence of monkeypox in the sperm of 14 infected men out of 16 studied.

READ ALSO: EXPLAINED: How is Italy dealing with rising monkeypox cases?

“This finding tells us that the presence of the virus in sperm is not a rare or random occurrence,” Vaia told AFP in an interview.

He added: “The infection can be transmitted during sexual intercourse by direct contact with skin lesions, but our study shows that semen can also be a vehicle for infection.”

Researchers at Spallanzani identified Italy’s first cases of monkeypox, found in two men who had recently returned from the Canary Islands.

The latest results reported by Vaia have not yet been published or subject to peer review.

Since early May, a surge of monkeypox cases has been detected outside of the West and Central African countries where the disease has long been endemic. Most of the new cases have been in Western Europe.

More than 3,400 confirmed cases and one death have now been reported to the World Health Organisation from more than 50 countries this year.

The vast majority of cases so far have been observed in men who have sex with men, of young age, chiefly in urban areas, in “clustered social and sexual networks”, according to the WHO.

It is investigating cases of semen testing positive for monkeypox, but has maintained the virus is primarily spread through close contact.

Meg Doherty, director of the WHO’s global HIV, hepatitis and sexually-transmitted infection programmes, said last week: “We are not calling this a sexually-transmitted infection.”

Could antivirals curb the spread of monkeypox?

Spallanzani researchers are now trying to ascertain how long the virus is present in sperm after the onset of symptoms.

In one patient, virus DNA was detected three weeks after symptoms first appeared, even after lesions had disappeared – a phenomenon Vaia said had been seen in the past in viral infections such as Zika.

That could indicate that the risk of transmission of monkeypox could be lowered by the use of condoms in the weeks after recovery, he said.

The Spallanzani team is also looking at vaginal secretions to study the presence of the virus.

A significant finding from the first study was that when the virus was cultured in the lab, it was “present in semen as a live, infectious virus efficient in reproducing itself”, Vaia told AFP.

Vaia cautioned that there remained many unanswered questions on monkeypox, including whether antiviral therapies could shorten the time in which people with the virus could infect others.

Another is whether the smallpox vaccine could protect people from the monkeypox virus.

“To study this we will analyse people who were vaccinated 40 years ago before human smallpox was declared to have disappeared,” Vaia said.

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