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The 25 most in-demand jobs and skills in Italy in 2022

If you’d love to relocate to Italy but are concerned about employment prospects, here are the skills the country has a shortage of right now according to a study by LinkedIn.

The 25 most in-demand jobs and skills in Italy in 2022
There are job opportunities in Italy if you have the right skills - and experience. Photo: Marco BERTORELLO / AFP

One of the biggest challenges for people who want to move to Italy is finding a job that will fit with their existing skills sets, or even help further their careers.

It’s easier for EU nationals as they enjoy the freedom of movement to easily live and work in Italy, whereas for third-country nationals getting a job here depends in many cases on the prospective employer not finding a suitable EU candidate for the position.

READ ALSO: How can American citizens work in Italy?

Italy has a poor reputation when it comes to employment opportunities. A relatively high unemployment rate among those aged 25-29 and poor pay for graduates means young Italians continue to leave the country in their thousands every year in search of positions abroad.

But this doesn’t mean it’s impossible to find work in Italy – particularly for more experienced candidates and highly-skilled professionals.

In fact some skills are thought to be so much in demand that they could ensure that you get the job as a foreigner, even if your Italian isn’t up to scratch yet, and even if you need a work visa.

So which specialisms are most sought-after in Italy?

International job search engine LinkedIn has published a list of jobs that according to their data are most in demand in Italy in 2022, with bigger growth over the past five years than any other positions advertised. 

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The list features mainly – though not only – tech-related positions, reflecting how the job market is changing.

But HR, finance and customer service specialists may also find opportunities, the data shows.

One thing that all of the listed jobs have in common, though, is that recruiters are looking for people with years of experience.

Here is the list of the top 25 positions available in Italy, including the core skills required for each and the desired amount of experience for candidates according to LinkedIn.

  1. Robotics Engineer (Ingegnere robotico)

Required skills: Robotics, Process Automation, Programming

Average years of experience: 4 years

  1. Machine Learning Engineer (Ingegnere dell’apprendimento automatico)

Required skills: Machine Learning, Computer Vision, Data Science 

Average years of experience: 3.3 years

  1. Cloud Architect

Required skills: Amazon Web Services (AWS), Microsoft Azure, Cloud Computing

Average years of prior experience: 13.5 

  1. Data engineer (Ingegnere dei dati)

Required skills: Apache Spark, Scala, Hadoop

Average years of experience: 7.2 years

  1. Sustainability manager (Manager della sostenibilità)

Required skills: Sustainable Development, Sustainability Reporting, Consulting

Average years of experience: 6.5 year

  1. Data management consultant (Consulente della gestione dei dati)

Required skills: Machine learning, ETL, Python

Average years of experience: 5.3 years

  1. Human resources analyst (Analista delle risorse umane)

Required skills: Organizational development, Recruiting, Problem solving

Average years of experience: 4 years

  1. Talent acquisition specialist (Specialista nell’acquisizione di talenti)

Required skills: Recruiting, Talent Management, LinkedIn Recruiter

Average years of experience: 9.2 years

  1. Software account executive

Required skills: Enterprise software, Cloud computing 

Average years of experience: 15.2 years

  1. Cyber ​​security specialist (Specialista di sicurezza informatica)

Required Skills: Cybersecurity, Ethical Hacking, Information Security

Average years of experience: 8.3 years 

  1. Banker

Required skills: Credit, Retail Banking, Portfolio Management

Average years of experience: 6.1 years

  1. Data scientist (Scienziato dei dati)

Required skills: Machine learning, Python, Data mining 

Average years of experience: 3.8 years

  1. Back-end developer (Sviluppatore back-end)

Required skills: Git, Docker, MongoDB 

Average years of experience: 7 years

  1. Product manager (Responsabile del prodotto)

Required skills: Agile project management, Scrum, Product management 

Average years of experience:  10.9 years

  1. Clinic manager

Required Skills: Good Clinical Practice, Clinical Trial Management System, Oncology

Average years of experience: 9.6 years

  1. Retail Consultant (Consulente di vendita al dettaglio)

Required skills: SQL, Cloud computing, Problem solving

Average years of experience: 9.6 years

  1. Business developer (Addetto allo sviluppo aziendale)

Required skills: Sales Management, Marketing Strategy, Negotiation

Average years of experience: 7.4 years

  1. Client manager

Required skills: Business Planning, Marketing Strategy, Risk Management

Average years of experience: 10 years

  1. Investment Manager (Gestore degli investimenti)

Required skills: Private equity, Business planning, Corporate finance

Average years of experience: 7.6 years

  1. Full stack engineer (Ingegnere full stack)

Required skills: JavaScript, jQuery, Git

Average years of experience: 7.1 years

  1. Infrastructure architect

Required skills: Cloud computing, Virtualization, Linux

Average years of experience: 12.6 

  1. Payroll specialist (Specialista buste paga)

Required skills: Human Resources, ADP Payroll, Employment Law 

Average years of experience: 9.7 years

  1. Front-end developer (Sviluppatore front-end)

Required skills: SASS, Bootstrap, Git

Average years of experience: 7.2 years

  1. ERP (Enterprise Resources Planning) Consultant (Consulente di pianificazione delle risorse aziendali)

Required skills: SQL, Business Intelligence, Business Processes

Average years of experience: 9.6 years

  1. Customer Service Officer (Addetto al servizio clienti)

Required skills:  Back office, Problem solving, Negotiation

Average years of experience: 6 years.

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WORKING IN ITALY

Digital nomad: What are the rules on working remotely from Italy?

Many jobs can now be done from anywhere with only a laptop and a decent wifi connection - but what are the rules if you want to work remotely in Italy for a company back in your home country?

Digital nomad: What are the rules on working remotely from Italy?

Remote work, or even just working from home, was almost unheard of in Italy just a few years ago but that’s all changed since the pandemic.

These days it’s perfectly possible to be physically located in Italy while working remotely for a company based in the UK, the USA or elsewhere. More companies worldwide are open to the idea of remote working, and Italy’s internet connections are (gradually) improving.

So it seems easier than ever before to move abroad and take your existing job or freelance business with you.

But anyone considering doing this will also have to factor in paperwork: namely residency and work permits, and tax status.

What are the rules?

What you need to do depends on where you’re from and how long you intend to be in Italy for. 

If you want to live in Italy longer term, rather than just passing through for a short while, you’ll need to get some paperwork in order.

If you are an EU national, there will be no requirement to obtain a visa or work permit.

However, if you belong in this category you will need an Italian residence permit for stays longer than three months.

READ ALSO: Remote workers: What are your visa options when moving to Italy?

Person working on their laptop in a cafe

The rise in remote working means more people are looking to work temporarily in different countries. Photo: Alizée Baudez, Unsplash

If you’re from a country that doesn’t benefit from EU freedom of movement, you can take advantage of the 90-day rule, which means you can travel to Italy visa-free for up to 90 days in every 180.

See more details on these rules in a separate article here.

This may be enough if you only want to spend a short time in Italy before returning home. However, if you want to stay longer, you’ll most likely need a visa.

What type of visa will you need?

You might have heard the term Digital Nomad, which is usually used to describe someone spending a short time in a country, or moving between various countries while doing some short-term tech-based work – for example bloggers or Instagram influencers.

Italy doesn’t have a specific Digital Nomad visa – at least, not yet. One has been promised in Italy for some time, and was even approved earlier this year – but the process has now stalled and there’s no sign of it becoming available any time soon.

And unfortunately the options available at the moment are not always viable for self-employed freelancers and remote workers, immigration law experts say.

The self-employment visa, or visto per lavoro autonomo, is the permit that most non-EU freelancers would probably expect to apply for when seeking to move to Italy for work. 

But successful applications are rare. So rare, in fact, that Costanza Petreni, a senior immigration consultant at specialist law firm Mazzeschi, says she actively discourages clients from taking this route.

READ ALSO: How many people does Italy grant work permits to every year?

“We have so many clients asking for this type of application, because in the absence of a digital nomad visa there’s almost no other option. But what we tell them is it’s extremely hard and uncertain,” Petreni says.

As well as a low number of work permits available via this route (the limit has been set at 500 per year for the past few years) experts say another problem is the absence of clear guidance from consulates as to exactly what documentation applicants will need.

Here’s a breakdown of the visa options available at the moment for those hoping to work in Italy.

Find more information on the Italian Foreign Ministry’s visa website here, which details the visa requirements that may apply in your circumstances.

Will you need to pay Italian taxes?

This is often an area that trips people up if they work for international clients but live in Italy. Where do the taxes get paid to?

“If you live in Italy, you pay taxes in Italy,” clarifies tax expert Nicolò Bolla who runs Accounting Bolla.

If you’re a resident in Italy, your income will be subject to tax known as ‘Irpef’.

For employees, the employer is also required to pay the social security contributions to Italian Social Security Authority (INPS) – even if the employer is based outside Italy.

Different tax rates apply for freelancers with tax breaks available to new residents – and of course, you’re responsible for paying social security contributions too. 

You’ll need to file an annual tax return in Italy as stipulated by the worldwide taxation principle, which dictates that you must report your worldwide income and therefore file your taxes in the country where you reside.

You shouldn’t be paying your taxes twice, however, according to Italy’s Inland Revenue or tax office (Agenzie delle Entrate).

“Italy has bilateral agreements with many foreign countries to avoid double taxation on income and capital. These agreements establish the range of the power of the two states to set taxes,” to the Italian tax authority’s website says.

Please note that The Local is unable to advise on individual cases. For more information on visa applications, consult the Italian embassy or consulate in your country or an immigration law professional.

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