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What you need to know about installing solar panels on your home in Italy

As energy bills continue to soar in Italy, more homes and businesses are turning to solar power. Here's what you need to know about investing in photovoltaic panels for your property and how you can use government funds to foot the bill.

Solar panels are an increasingly popular option for those renovating homes in Italy.
What you need to know about installing solar panels on your home in Italy - and the bonuses on offer to help pay for it. Photo by Bill Mead on Unsplash

Rising costs of living and energy bills continue to hit homeowners in Italy hard, made even worse by the knock-on effect of the war in Ukraine.

In response, the Italian government has taken various steps to bring down rising energy costs, such as extending an energy bonus to offset the price hikes.

READ ALSO: Who can claim a discount on energy bills in Italy?

As energy prices have soared over the past year, one option to save on future electricity and gas bills in Italy is to invest in solar panels for your home or business.

Aside from its money-saving potential, solar energy is more sustainable and, as such, the government is offering funds to encourage its uptake.

This is partly due to Europe’s climate goal of reducing greenhouse gases by 2030, according to research by the Eurac Research Institute for Renewable Energies.

Italy also has its own National Integrated Plan for Energy and Climate 2030 (Piano Nazionale Integrato per l’Energia e il Clima 2030 or PNIEC), which is focused on decarbonisation, energy efficiency and security and the internal energy market.

Solar panels are an increasingly popular option for those renovating homes in Italy. Photo by Jeremy Bezanger on Unsplash

The nation already ranks top worldwide for electricity consumption covered by solar panels according to the latest research.

The number of photovoltaic systems in Italy has increased by more than tenfold over the last decade – and growing numbers of Italians are considering installing their own solar-powered energy, according to market surveys.

As solar energy becomes more widely available in Italy, even stores such as IKEA now sell solar panels.

Some 40,000 solar panel systems had been installed in Italy up to the end of 2020 – but three million are said to be needed over the next decade to keep pace with climate change targets and the consequent energy source transitions.

READ ALSO: Italy plans to cut air conditioner use to save energy

Residential properties show the highest uptake, with the sunny southern region of Puglia and the wealthy northern region of Lombardy contributing the most to this growth, according to market research.

But how much will it cost and is it worth making the switch? Here’s a look at what to expect in terms of savings, plus how you can access government help to pay for installation.

What’s the cost of installing solar panels in Italy?

There are a multitude of options on the market and many combinations of products for a 3 kW photovoltaic system (standard household power in Italy).

As a general rule, the cost of a 3 kW photovoltaic system varies between €5,500 and €8,500, according to energy news reports.

These prices refer to the average cost of the photovoltaic system, including design, installation, paperwork and service.

This size of solar-powered system should suffice for a family of 3-4 people, producing around 3,500kWh per year, which roughly equates to the amount of electricity a family would use annually.

The cost of solar panels has steadily decreased over the previous decade according to industry data, reaching 0.30 euros per watt in 2020 for the average price of solar panel modules, compared to 2009 when it was equal to 2.5 euros per watt.

Costs can vary depending on the type of system you opt for too, such as the traditional version or those that are hooked up to the grid with back-up batteries.

READ ALSO: How and where to find your dream renovation property in Italy

The typical 3 kW photovoltaic system is cheaper but doesn’t have any energy storage systems. This means that the excess energy produced cannot be used, but can still be sold to the national energy distribution system, in exchange for deductions on your energy bill.

A house restoration project in progress.

There are bonuses available in Italy to pay for solar panels on your property. Photo: Nolan Issac on Unsplash

A 3 kW photovoltaic system with storage is more expensive than a conventional system, as it is equipped with an intelligent on-grid system for storing energy in powerful lithium batteries.

These types of solar panel systems can run to over €13,000 for 2022, reports suggest.

From an economic point of view, this is certainly a bigger commitment, but you do get a lot of power for your buck –  the storage batteries mean you can store your self-produced energy and consume it when you need it.

The final price is influenced by various factors including the power chosen – it is the solar panel power and not its surface area that defines the price.

Are there any subsidies for the installation of solar panels?

Yes. The Italian government has introduced and extended a raft of building bonuses in order to galvanise the construction industry following the economic downturn caused by the pandemic.

And included in this state aid are funds for solar panels.

There is no single package of incentives for installing solar panels in 2022 per se, but you can take advantage of other government bonuses.

You could use the renovation bonus (bonus ristrutturazione), which amounts to a 50 percent tax deduction spread over 10 years in your tax return – or through the so-called superbonus 110, a scheme that promises homeowners a tax deduction of up to 110% on expenses related to property renovation and making energy efficiency measures.

READ ALSO: Budget 2022: Which of Italy’s building bonuses have been extended?

The property must make at least a double jump in energy class or reach the highest efficiency rating when accessing this pot.

There’s a substantial amount of funds on offer to install your solar panels.

Using the renovation bonus, which would cover both the supply and the installation of the solar panels, there is a maximum total expenditure of €96,000 (per single housing, including condominiums).

A worker installs solar panels. (Photo by Ina FASSBENDER / AFP)

The renovation bonus has been extended until 2024 and, where solar panel installation is concerned, you can claim for the costs of labour, design, surveys and inspections, as well as VAT and stamp duty.

You must tell Italy’s energy and technology authority, ENEA, that you’ve done the works within 90 days in order to access the state aid for solar panel installation.

If you choose to use the superbonus route to claim funds for your solar panels, however, you can spread out the tax deduction costs over five years. Alternatively, you can apply for it as a discount on the invoice (sconto in fattura) or through the transfer of credit (cessione del credito).

The limit when using this bonus is €48,000, which can now be accessed for a while longer as the government extended the deadline for single family homes.

See HERE for details on how to claim it.

How much can I save on electricity bills if I install solar panels?

Depending on how much power you consume, your bill could even be reduced down to zero.

In any case, using the power generated by solar panels means you use less electricity supplied by the national power services, known as GSE (Gestore dei servizi energetici) – meaning savings on your bills as you’ve produced the power yourself.

You could also get deductions on your bill by selling the excess power your solar system has generated, but that you have not consumed, back to the national grid. (This may not be allowed, however, if you’ve taken advantage of the superbonus funding.)

READ ALSO: Do you have to be Italian to claim Italy’s building bonuses?

Variables such as how much power you use, when you consume it, the size of your installation and how well it’s positioned to receive as much sun exposure as possible and the quality of the system, will all affect how much you could eventually save.

At best estimates with a highly performing solar-powered system, consumers could save around €1,500 per year on average on their energy bills, according to research carried out by Solar Index Italy.

That means most systems are estimated to pay for themselves within 5-7 years, depending on the type you opt for.

After that you could start making a profit, with an average estimated annual financial return of 12 percent.

With solar panels lasting an average of 25-30 years, there are considerable savings to be made – if you plan on living in that property long-term.

If you plan to sell, the system is likely to be seen as a plus point by future buyers as the popularity of solar power continues to rise.

Can you install solar panels in any location?

There are regulations on where solar panels can be mounted, which could exclude some property owners from using this source of energy.

Owners of properties within condominiums are able to install a photovoltaic system without having to ask for prior authorisation, except for those in a listed area, according to legal accounts.

As long as the works don’t “prejudice the aesthetic decorum of the condominium”, solar panels are okay in these types of buildings.

The good news about installing solar panels is that it’s one less complex area of bureaucracy – you can proceed without having to ask for prior authorisation.

The full list of works that can be carried out without permission can be found in this government document.

However, if the building you want to add solar panels to is located in a historic area of a town centre (centro storico), you would have to ask for authorisation from an appropriate body, such as the local municipality or the Management for Architectural Heritage (Soprintendenza per i Beni Architettonici).

If you’re not sure whether your property falls under this remit, the authorities would check that the installation of the solar-powered system does not compromise the aesthetics of the landscape.

Outside of these historic areas though, it’s not important whether the panels are visible or not.

See more in The Local’s Italian property section.

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For members


Bonus asilo: How to get help with the cost of childcare in Italy

Parents of young children in Italy can get up to 3,000 euros towards nursery of kindergarten fees. Here's how much you may be entitled to and how to claim in 2023.

Bonus asilo: How to get help with the cost of childcare in Italy

Although the cost of childcare in Italy is lower on average than in some European countries, it still adds up to a significant cost for working families.

Parents in Italy spend a monthly average of €303 per child for a full-time place (around ten hours a day, five days a week) at a public day nursery, or asilo nido, and an average of 324 euros a month for a place in a public kindergarten (scuola materna or scuola dell’infanzia), according to the latest available figures

READ ALSO: How does the cost of childcare in Italy compare to other countries?

Fees are generally higher in northern regions, with the highest monthly nursery fees of all recorded at 515 euros in Lecco, Lombardy.

But help towards the cost of childcare is available in the form of a bonus asilo (‘nursery bonus’), which can be claimed by families of children in public daycare facilities, or in contracted private ones.

Since the measure was first introduced in 2017 – and expanded in 2020 – Italy has provided childcare benefits for parents of children under the age of three, with the aim of boosting Italy’s declining birth rate by supporting more parents in going back to work.

READ ALSO: How much does it cost to raise a child in Italy?

The assistance remains in place for the 2023 school year, with parents able to claim anywhere between 1,500 and 3,000 euros depending on their income bracket.


Parents of children who will be aged three or under from January to August 2023 can claim childcare government assistance, including foster parents.

While the upper limit of 3,000 euros is only for households on the lowest incomes, there’s no upper limit, so every family is eligible to receive at least a 1,500 euro payment.

The payment applies either to nursery care costs or to private childminder fees in the case of children with health conditions that would make it unsafe for them to attend daycare with other children.

How much you can claim

The claimable amount depends on families’ economic situation, which in Italy is calculated as ISEE (Equivalent Financial Position Indicator). The following subsidies are in place:

  • Families with ISEE under 25,000 euros are entitled to an annual budget of 3,000 euros.
  • Families with ISEE between 25,001 euros and 40,000 euros can claim 2,500 euros. 
  • Families with ISEE over 40,001 euros are entitled to aid worth 1,500 euros.

Find out more about your ISEE and how to get it calculated here.

The funds apply to each child in the household that falls in the age range; so for two children under three, the amount of assistance is doubled.

READ ALSO: How much maternity, paternity, and parental leave do you get in Italy?

You can only claim up to the total amount of nursery or childminder fees charged for the year.

When and where to apply

The bonus asilo for the current school year must be requested by midnight on December 31st, 2023 through the INPS website.

Parents with young children in Italy can claim up to 3,000 euros in childcare support. Here’s how to go about it.