‘Do you have your green pass?’: Tourists caught short as Italy brings in new Covid rules

People across Italy were being asked if they had a health pass on Friday as new coronavirus rules came into force for cultural and leisure venues - with those answering 'no' left frustrated.

'Do you have your green pass?': Tourists caught short as Italy brings in new Covid rules
People have their green pass checked before entering the Vatican Museums on Friday. Photo: Andreas Solaro/AFP

At the Vatican Museums, a number of tourists were turned away despite having pre-booked tickets after failing to provide proof of a Covid-19 vaccine, previous infection or a negative coronavirus test in the form of a health pass, as is now required under the new measures.

“We were looking forward to it, so we are kind of disappointed. But it is what it is,” said Tereza Poganyova, 20, on holiday with a friend from the Czech Republic.

READ ALSO: Can tourists and visitors use Italy’s Covid ‘green pass’ to access museums, concerts and indoor dining?

However, she admitted having received an email reminding her of the new requirement, and most of the visitors lining up to see the Sistine Chapel on Friday morning were prepared.

Hugo Munoz, 48, from Texas, used his US vaccination card to gain entry and welcomed the new checks, even though they caused longer queues.

“I know there are mixed feelings… but we did it back at home and to us at least it gives us a little bit of a peace of mind that we probably are more protected,” he told AFP.

Italy has promised to accept equivalent documents from Canada, Israel, Japan, the UK and the US – though reports from The Local’s readers suggest that some venues in Italy have been rejecting certificates from these countries amid confusion over which non-EU documents are recognised. 

TELL US: Have you had problems using a foreign Covid vaccination certificate in Italy?

Visitors wait in line before showing their Covid-19 certificates to enter the Colosseum in  Rome on August 6th, 2021. Photo: Andreas SOLARO/AFP

The Pompeii archaeological park in southern Italy meanwhile said it would offer free Covid testing to visitors arriving without the green pass.

Tourists are not the only ones being caught short. Millions of Italy’s residents are still not vaccinated and therefore those who have not recently recovered from coronavirus can only get a green pass by taking a test.

And thousands of people who have been fully vaccinated have experienced technical problems meaning they have so far been unable to download the pass.


There have been pockets of protests against the measure, most recently on Thursday night, when thousands of people gathered in Turin’s main plaza, Piazza Castello, in an event dubbed ‘No Fear Day’.

Most were without masks and some held signs saying “Freedom” and “State Discrimination”.

A protestor holds a placard reading ‘Shit Green Pass’ at a demonstration in Piazza del Popolo in Rome on July 24th. Photo: Filippo MONTEFORTE/AFP

In restaurants in central Rome on Friday, not everyone was asking for a green pass for diners wanting to sit inside, despite the risk of stiff fines.

Many business owners have expressed concerns about how the pass will work in practice, particularly with tourists with tests or vaccination certificates in a different format than that recognised within the EU. And would it lead to discrimination?

“Will I end up having to put everyone who is vaccinated inside, with all the non-vaccinated outside?” asked one waiter who asked not to be named.

On Thursday night, the government also agreed to make the green pass obligatory for teachers as well as passengers on domestic flights, ferries and long-distance trains and buses from September 1st.

OPINION: Covid passports are Italy’s only choice – but they must be a right, not a privilege

Ministers insist the measures are crucial to curbing rising coronavirus cases, while allowing businesses to stay open.

“I say to all Italians: vaccinate yourselves and respect the rules,” Prime Minister Mario Draghi told reporters Friday ahead of parliament’s summer break.

Italy has been hard hit by the coronavirus pandemic, recording more than 128,000 deaths – the highest toll in the European Union.

The vaccination campaign has helped turn the tide in recent months, with more than 62 percent of the population over the age of 12 now fully jabbed.

However the spread of the highly contagious Delta variant is causing concern, with another 7,200 cases new reported on Thursday as Italy enters the fourth wave of contagion.

Colombian tourist Juan Carlos Ramirez Gomez, walking around Rome’s historic centre on Friday, said other nations should follow Italy’s lead and introduce the health pass.

“The decision should be imitated at a global level,” he said.

Find the latest updates in our green pass news section and further details on the official website (currently only available in Italian).

For more information about the current coronavirus situation and health measures in Italy please see the Health Ministry’s website (in English).

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EU extends Covid travel certificates until 2023 but what does this mean for travellers?

The EU has announced that its Covid travel certificate will be extended until 2023. Claudia Delpero looks at what this mean if you have a trip planned this year.

EU extends Covid travel certificates until 2023 but what does this mean for travellers?

Cleaning up the phone and thinking of getting rid of that Covid app? Just wait a minute. 

The European Union has decided to extend the use of EU Covid certificates by one year, until June 30th 2023. 

The European Commission first made the proposal in February as the virus, and the Omicron variant in particular, was continuing to spread in Europe. At that point it was “not possible to determine the impact of a possible increase in infections in the second half of 2022 or of the emergence of new variants,” the Commission said. 

Now tourism is taking off again, while Covid cases are on the rise in several European countries.

So the EU has taken action to ensure that travellers can continue using the so-called ‘digital green certificates’ in case new restrictions are put in place after their initial deadline of June 30th, 2022. 

What is the EU ‘digital green certificate’?

If you have travelled within the EU in the last year, you have probably already used it.

On 1st July 2021, EU countries started to introduce the ‘digital green certificate’, a Covid pass designed by the European Commission to facilitate travel between EU member states following months of restrictions.

It can be issued to EU citizens and residents who have been vaccinated against Covid, have tested negative or have recovered from the virus, as a proof of their health status. 

Although it’s called a certificate, it isn’t a separate document, it’s just a way of recognising all EU countries’ national health pass schemes.

It consists of a QR code displayed on a device or printed.

So if you live in an EU country, the QR code issued when you were vaccinated or tested can be scanned and recognised by all other EU countries – you can show the code either on a paper certificate or on your country’s health pass app eg TousAntiCovid if you’re in France or the green pass in Italy. 

Codes are recognised in all EU 27 member states, as well as in 40 non-EU countries that have joined the scheme, including the UK – full list here.

What does the extension of certificates mean? 

In practice, the legal extension of the EU Covid pass does not mean much if EU countries do not impose any restrictions.

It’s important to point out that each country within the EU decides on its own rules for entry – requiring proof of vaccination, negative tests etc so you should check with your country of destination.

All the EU certificate does is provide an easy way for countries to recognise each others’ certificates.

At present travel within the EU is fairly relaxed, with most countries only requiring negative tests for unvaccinated people, but the certificate will become more relevant again if countries impose new measures to curb the spread of the virus. 

According to the latest data by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, countries such as France, Portugal and parts of Italy and Austria are in the red again. 

The EU legislation on the certificate neither prescribes nor prohibits such measures, but makes sure that all certificate holders are treated in the same way in any participating country. 

The EU certificate can also be used for access to venues such as bars and restaurants if countries decided to re-impose health or vaccines passes on a domestic basis.

So nothing changes?

In fact, the legislation introduces some changes to the current certificates. These include the clarification that passes issued after vaccination should reflect all doses administered, regardless of the member state where the inoculation occurred. This followed complaints of certificates indicating an incorrect number of vaccine doses when these were received in different countries.

In addition, new rules allow the possibility to issue a certificate of recovery following an antigen test and extend the range of uthorised antigen tests to qualify for the green pass. 

To support the development and study of vaccines against Covid, it will also be possible to issue vaccination certificates to people participating in clinical trials.

At the insistence of the European Parliament, the Commission will have to publish an assessment of the situation by December 31st 2022 and propose to repeal or maintain the certificate accordingly. So, while it is extended for a year, the certificate could be discontinued earlier if it will no longer be consider necessary. 

The European parliament rapporteur, Spanish MEP Juan Fernando López Aguilar, said: “The lack of coordination from EU governments on travel brought chaos and disruption to the lives of millions of Europeans that simply wanted to move freely and safely throughout the EU.

“We sincerely hope that the worst of the pandemic is far behind us and we do not want Covid certificates in place a day longer than necessary.”

Vaccination requirements for the certificate

An EU certificate can be issued to a person vaccinated with any type of vaccine, but many countries accept only EMA-approved vaccines (Pfizer, Moderna, AstraZeneca, Novavax, Valneva and Janssen) – if you have been vaccinated with another vaccine, you should check the rules on the country you are travelling to.  

Certificates remain valid for 9 months (270) days following a complete vaccination cycle – so if you had your vaccine more than nine months ago you will need a booster in order to be considered fully vaccinated.

There is no requirement for a second booster, so if you have had a booster you remain ‘fully vaccinated’ even if your booster was administered more than 9 months ago. 

As of 1st March 2022, EU countries had issued almost 1.2 billion EU Covid certificates, of which 1.15 billion following vaccination, 511 million as a result of tests and 55 million after recovery from the virus. 

France, Italy, Germany, Denmark and Austria are the countries that have issued the largest number of EU Covid certificates.